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Transcript of Victorian Period
included people from the church and nobility
did not have to work Middle Class worked clean jobs
men provided the income only
bankers, merchants, shop keepers, and engineers Working Class physical work
poor living and working conditions
did not participate in social entertainment
little education Reforms Reforms were made for the benefit of the working class. education reforms: providing education for more than just the privileged children
education in 1870 became required and free by state-supported schools, education improved dramatically
factory reforms: Ten Hours Act limited work hours for women and children in 1847
political reforms: made to try to close the gap between classes Marriage Father Mother Victorian's Way of Life Music Croquet Rollerskating they were encouraged to marry in the same social class
women would loose all control to their husbands once married
women could not have a will of their own, it was the husbands choice how to distribute her belongings
divorce was very hard to obtain, adultery was the only acceptable reason for divorce Religion most people to church every Sunday
active Christian groups gave the Church of England a boost
science started challenging the Bible and Christian beliefs
Darwin's theory of evolution got attacked for challenging religious beliefs Rulers Queen Victoria
1819-1901 -Born May 24, 1819 -Became queen on June 10, 1837 -Married her German cousin, Prince Albert -Nine Children -Albert died of Typhoid in 1861 "My life as a happy person is ended!" -Unpopular because she refused to make public appearances -Died on January 22, 1901 at age 80 -Edwardian age begins Wars -Great Britain wins first Opium war in 1842 -Had the best Navy in the world -Britain is the most powerful nation -1879, Zulu war in South Africa -Zulu's are defeated -China is forced to open opium ports Crimean War -Alliance between Britain and France First battle- Balaclava -This battle ended with the Charge of the Light Brigade -Only 118 of 620 killed Lewis Carroll Thomas Hardy Conan Doyle Rudyard Kipling Lord Alfred Tennyson Matthew Arnold Women's Clothing Men's Clothing FOOD 1867 published the novel Alice in Wonderland
1871 published the novel Through the looking Glass
1874 published the poem The Hunting of the snark
It describes "With infinite humor the impossible voyage of an improbable crew to find an inconceivable creature." Was a famous novelist and poet
He regarded himself primarily as a poet
But in 1887 he published The Return of the Native A Scottish writer
Famous for his stories about Sherlock Holmes
In 1887 he published A Study in Scarlet which introduced Sherlock Holmes Was an English short-story writer, poet, and novelist.
Mostly remembered for his tales and poems of British soldiers in India.
1901 he published a novel called Kim. It presented a picture of English colonial life in the teeming world of India. He is one of the most popular British poets in the Victorian Era.
In 1889 he published the poem Crossing the Bar. One of his last poems in his collection. Was a British poet
Characterized as a sage writer. Meaning that he instructed the reader about social issues.
1867 published Dover Beach. A poem that mourns a world without faith. Authors Charles Dickens (1837-1838)
An English writer and social critic who was regarded as one of the greatest novelists of the Victorian Era
Published books such as Pickwick Paper, Oliver Twist and The Christmas Carrol Emily Bronte (1847)
An English poet and novelist, best known for the classic Wuthering Heights
Emily Bronte's life was sad and tradgic. This is reflected in her stories which dealt with suffering or rebellion and include violence, crime, and punishment Dante Gabriel Rossetti (1848)
Forms the Pre-Raphalite Brotherhood (group of artists who reject the ugliness of modern life)
An English poet, illustrator, painter and translator
His work influenced the European Symbolists Mary Anne Evans (1857)
One of the leading women writers during the Victorian Period
An English novelist, translator, and journalist
She took on the pen name George Elliot, and used it to publish many stories Charles Darwin (1865)
An English Naturalist/Scientist
Published his controversial scientific study On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection Head of the household
Worked long hours
Strict and obeyed by children without question
The children had to respect their father and always referred to him as "Sir"
Stayed in his study for peace and quiet Spent her time planning dinner parties, visiting her dressmaker or calling friends.
Never worked and didn't do her "motherly duties" (ex. washing clothes, cooking, or cleaning)
"Spare the rod and spoil the child" was a saying Victorian's strongly believed in. Victorian men often wore a waist coat. Most wealthy men wore a top hat while poor men wore caps. Majority of gentlemen used a walking stick or a cane. Ladies wore long skirts or dresses. At the beginning of the Victorian era skirts went straight down. Later it became fashionable for women to wear their skirts spread over large hoops. Hoop disappeared from view and it was back to slimmer skirts, although now wearing what is called a bustle. Majority of women wore a hat or a bonnet. Ladies also wore a corset to pull in their waist. Children's Clothing Big and.... Children ... small Children from rich families Went on vacations
Had expensive toys
Had pets (ex. ponies) Children from working class Had few luxuries
Ate poor food
Worked long hours everyday Lived in damp, filthy conditions
And many died from dieseases. Usually with the Nanny who taught them right from wrong Well fed, clothed and cleaned Never had to work Had Servents and Butlers Great differences between what the rich and the poor ate
The rich ate a tremendous amount of food and wasted quite a bit of it.
Meal times were an opportunity for the rich to display there wealth through rich foods, china dishware, and expensive utensils.
When they ate alone, their dinner consisted of five to six courses
The diet of the poor was terrible. They ate the scrapings of others or whatever the workhouse would feed them. Victorian's were the first people who invented tea, and it became very popular and the tea room was developed because of it. Coca-cola was also invented in this time period Victorian's pound cake recipe also became very popular Music was very important and many people went to a concert and listened to the great composers of their time.
The music was mostly a balance of vocal and instrumental sounds.
Glees were also very popular, these were songs meant for three or more people they paired this with insturments for a very unique sound.
The people of the Victorian era also loved to dance at all parties and formal events croquet was first brought to England in the year 1856 because it was a very popular game in the United States.
It was so popular because it was not a game of strength but a game of skill.
So it leveled the playing field so guys and girls could compete and it would be an equal competition. Bicycling The bicycle was actually invented within the Victorian era more specifically in 1880.
The first bike had wheels of two different sizes, a large one in the front and a smaller one in the back. Society later decided that women should only ride tricycles because of the difficulty that came with riding this bike with a long skirt on.
So later on in the decade they modified the bike to be suitable for both sexes. That is why bikes today have wheels of the same size. it was not only a popular activity among the masses but also a huge fashion statement among women.
There were rinks in almost every city and for about a quarter you could participate in races, figure skating, and dancing on skates. Victorian Design The art of the time period did not just focus on the paintings and decorative arts, it also encompassed architecture and interior design.
The architect that was hired to build the home or building was in charge and in control of all aspects of the building, the inside the outside and the designs of both.
When the architects where designing a building they thought through everything so the exterior would compliment and go with the interior.
Part of the beauty of this time period was the extreme attention to detail. They accentuated everything with classical motifs such as doorknobs, ceilings, floors, rugs, and furniture. Painting The Victorian era was also known for their work in portraits.
For most of the painters in this period portraiture was not just a hobby or something they did for fun, portraiture was their full time job.
Some painters such as Holl and Fildes painted strictly portraits and during this time period there was only one well known landscape painter, his name was John Linnell. A Typical Menu For The Rich Breakfast
Bacon, Eggs, Kedgeree
Grilled Sheep's Kidneys
Tea, Coffee, Cocoa
Hot and Cold Meats
Fruit Tarts, Blancmange
Jelly, Fruit Workforce Woman
Woman challenged their traditional roles as mothers and wives
They looked for jobs previously worked by men
By the end of the century women became charity workers, teachers, writers, and scientists
Women social life was no longer a big part of their time
Still had same responsibilities at home Children
If you were part of a poor family you had No Choice but to go to work
They need money to help their family
Many were used as cheap labor
Worked long hours with little breaks Boer Wars -The first Boer War: from 1880 to 1881 -Second Boer War in 1899 -Nine assassination attempts -War ends March 30, 1856 Servants, Butlers, and Cooks All households had servants and Butlers who were important with helping around the house.
Poorest couldn't afford to pay them
Butler's role was to answer the front door, and wait on the family.
Cook went shopping and ran the kitchen Literature During The Victorian Era Victorian novels tend to be idealized portraits of difficult lives in which hard work, perseverance, love and luck win out in the end
The novels usually had an improving nature with an important moral lesson at the core of the story The most popular form of literature was novels Children's literature Poetry and Drama Science, philosphy and discovery literature Other literature during the era: