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Slavery and the New World
Transcript of Slavery and the New World
Slavery and the New World
Identify the factors that contributed to the rise of slavery in the New World.
-Demand for workers
-No protection under English common law
-Term of service never expired
-Skin color made it difficult to escape into society
-Resistance to diseases
Concepts of "race" and "racism" did not exist yet
How do you define "slavery?"
-Form of exploitation
-Individuals as property
-Denial of heritage
-Use of force or coercion
To where did the highest number of slaves travel?
What does this map tell you about the three distinct areas of the world at this time?
During what time period were the largest number of slaves transported? Why do you believe this is true?
The Middle Passage
-Journey across the Atlantic
-11 million slaves transported
-Mortality rate: 20%
-Large imbalance (more slaves)
-Rigid social structure was needed
-Sharp boundary between slavery and freedom
became a component of slavery
Huge sugar plantations-first crop mass marketed to Europe
Slavery and the Law
-First Africans arrived in Virginia in 1619
-Racial distinctions introduced into laws
-Slavery as we know it does not appear in records until around 1640
Slavery in the Colonies
Tobacco-based plantation slavery
Rice-based plantation slavery
By 1770, nearly half of the Chesapeake's population was composed of slaves.
-Region became a strict hierarchy.
Tenant farmers/indentured servants
"Free" and "White" became almost interchangeable terms.
The Rice Kingdom (s.C)
-Growth of rice as marketable crop led to economic development, importation of slaves, and growing racial divisions
-Population was 2/3 black, which led colonial leaders to try to attract more white settlers
How did slavery in the North differ from slavery in the South?
Which of the following is the most accurate statement about the southern colonies during the late 17th century?
A) The economy was equally mixed between farming, trade, and small manufacturing.
B) African slaves were strictly segregated from white indentured servants.
C) The economy was dominated by skilled labor in port towns.
D) Tobacco, rice, and indigo served as the major staple crops.
Bacon's Rebellion is associated with which early colony?
C) South Carolina
"By the mid-18th century, three distinct slave systems were well-entrenched in Britain's mainland colonies-the Chesapeake, Southern, and New England/Middle colonies. Asses the validity of this statement."
The colonies could be a source of economic strength for Britain
Shift away from territorial concerns and towards business and economic growth
At first, slaves found common ground with indentured servants
(1640s) Concept of race emerged
(1660s) First slave laws-no changes for education, inability to leave, no ways to gain freedom
Middle colonies were more diverse
No laws, regulations re: slavery
African workers filled all types of jobs-skilled, manual, unskilled
Workers even had the opportunity to earn and keep wages
1st slave society-economy planned around slavery and exploitation
(1669) S.C. constitution guaranteed slavery would be racial
Work was a difficult task system-many refused to conform
Population 2:1 (Black/White)
1st slave based society
By the 1740s, a series of slave rebellions led to more harsh treatment of slaves, especially in the southern colonies.