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World War II: A Primer

A totally awesome presentation that covers important key events in the time period 1939 to 1945. This presentation may or may not include llamas.
by

Julieann P

on 12 May 2015

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Transcript of World War II: A Primer

1939
Impact After
Pre-War
1945
World War II
September 1, 1939
Phony War
May 1940: Nazis add Belgium, Netherlands & Luxemburg
May 1940: Winston Churchill becomes Prime Minister
June 10, 1940: Mussolini declares war on France

During The Battle of Britain
Final Solution
Jan. 14th, 1942- Conference outside of Belgium
Nazis develop a plan to eliminate "inferior" races, most namely, the Jews
3 types of facilities for which the plan included:
Concentration camps
Slave labor camps
Experimentation camps
This plan is now known as the Holocaust
Fun Facts
Navajo Code Talker
When it became apparent to the US that the Japanese were decoding their messages, the US employed the help of native Navajo tribe members to send secret messages
Japanese Internment Camp
When the Japanese attacked Pearl Harbor, most Japanese Americans were segregated and put in Interment Camps for "security reasons" where they were forced to work under poor conditions and were starved
Propaganda
Pre-War
September 1933: Hitler addresses a Nazi party to restore Germany's glory
July 7, 1937: Japanese leaders wanted global power; they started in China
Jan 1938: Hitler expands to Austria and Czechoslovakia
September 1938:Munich Pact was signed letting Hitler keep land conquered.
Germany invaded the rest of Poland
After the 2nd invasion France, British Empire (India, Australia & Canada) declared war on Germany
Hitler signs a nonaggression pact with Stalin, the Russian dictator, to have a strong ally to continue to conquer Europe


December 18, 1879-1953
Rose to power as General Secretary of the Communist Party
Soviet dictator upon Vladimir Lenin's death
Forced rapid industrialization and the collectivization of agricultural land
Decisions caused millions dying from famine while others were sent to camps
September 7, 1940: Germany starts bombing British civilians
British called these attacks "The Blitz"
September 1940: Italy, Germany, and Japan sign Tripartite Pact
Tripartite Pacts goal RULE THE WORLD
Summer 1941: Roosevelt cuts off Japan from oil and coal

Winston Churchill
Cause of Cut Off
In 1941, the stalemate put at hand by the Battle of Britain had Hitler looking elsewhere to gain territory. In a shocking turn of events, he invaded Russia, breaking the pact that had held them in peace.
Rapidly successful, Hitler thought that it would be a steamroll victory.
However, when attempting to take Stalin's namesake, Stalingrad, Germany's forces found themselves in one of the most brutal Russian winters ever.
Starving and freezing, Hitler's troops were, for the first time in WWII, turned away.
This marked the turning point of the war in Western Europe


Japanese Diplomats begin negotiating to end the crippling American Embargoes
Japanese plan for surprise attack
December 7th, 1941- Japan bombs Pearl Harbor
America officially joins WWII Dec. 8th
Japan attacks Guam, Hong Kong, Philippines, Wake Island, and Midway Island
December 11th- Hitler declares war on America
Josef Mengele
America Striking Back
America defends the Islands in Bataan in April
After 4 months the defending Soldiers surrender
The Bataan Death March
March of about 65 miles that 76,000 prisoners of war were forced by the Japanese military to walk
Japanese would starve, dehydrate, run-over and decapitate the American and Filipino prisoners
Adolf Hitler
British slang for the beginning months of the war where nothing really happened
Euphemism to plan to annihilate the Jews
Outcome & Impacts of World War II

"World War II Documentary." YouTube. National Geographic. Web. 9 May 2015.
<https:// www.youtube.com/watch?v=jfRq-JeUCSM>.


"World War II Documentary." YouTube. National Geographic. Web. 9 May 2015.
<https:// www.youtube.com/watch?v=jfRq-JeUCSM>.
June 6th 1944:The Allies started the process of returning offense France
"Operation Neptune" was the actual name of the landing of Normandy
American troops fought in Utah and Omaha beaches
British troops fought in Sword, Juno, and Gold beaches
Dwight D. Eisenhower, Supreme Commander of the Allied Forces, decided to attack disregarding the bad weather to surprise attack the Germans
This battle was the first beneficial turning point for the Allies

"World War II." History: D-Day the Invasion of Normandy for Kids. Ducksters, 1 May 2015. Web. 9 May 2015. <http://www.ducksters.com/history/world_war_ii/d-day_invasion_of_normandy.php>.

D-Day: Invasion in Normandy
Overlord
Manhattan Project
The US started developing this operation in 1942
About 100,000 scientist were involved
August 6Th 1945: US B-29 bomber dropped an atomic bomb on Hiroshima, Japan
August 9Th 1945: A second bomb was dropped on Nagasaki, Japan
The bombs alone killed about 100,000 people

"Atomic Bomb." HISTORY. History Channel, 10 Mar. 2014. Web. 10 May 2015. <http://www.history.co.uk/study-topics/history-of-ww2/atomic-bomb>.


Battle of Midway
Yalta Conference
Germany was divided because the Allies disagreed on which government to establish
Western German was communist and Eastern was democratic
Other countries were divided into previous form
The division of Europe provoked the Cold War
Nazis leaders were punished and killed
Other Nazi found responsible for terrible crimes during war trials would be executed
Marshall Plan: US offered economical aid to Great Britain
Allies occupied Japan until 1952 to recover from war
North and South Korea were formed
China continued in Civil war that started before the WWII
October 24, 1945: The United Nations was formed to try prevent World War III
Permanent Members include:
China, France, the Soviet Union, the United Kingdom, and the US

"English Online." World War II. English Online. Web. 10 May 2015. <http://www.english-online.at/h
istory/world-war-2/results-and-aftermath-of-world-war-ii.htm>.


The Allies composed a plan the to returning offense France called Operation Overload
D-Day was the first step of this operation, which consisted of
Deception
Germans were mislead to expect the Allies to attack Pas de Calais
Landing
The USA and British Empire attacked more south east
Dwight D. Eisenhower, Supreme Commander of the Allied Forces, decided to attack disregarding the bad weather to surprise attack the Germans
Dwight D. Eisenhower

"World War II Documentary." YouTube. National Geographic. Web. 9 May 2015.
<https:// www.youtube.com/watch?v=jfRq-JeUCSM>.



"World War II Documentary." YouTube. National Geographic. Web. 9 May 2015.
<https:// www.youtube.com/watch?v=jfRq-JeUCSM>.
Three important members of this meeting consisted of:
British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soviet Premier Joseph Stalin
U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt
Agreements Made during Meeting:
Germany’s unconditional surrender
to set up in the conquered nation four zones of occupation to be run by their three countries and France

Japanese to want to push back the US presence in the Pacific Ocean by "island hopping" and taking:
Midway, Hawaii, Philippines, Wake Island
Japanese goal with Midway was
Strike US aircraft carriers with kamikaze pilots
Destroy the potential base of the US
Japanese failed because US soldiers were able to decode their transmissions
This was the first major victory for the Allies in the Pacific
The Japanese lost 248 aircraft, over 3,000 soldiers, and four aircraft carriers.

"World War II." For Kids: Battle of Midway. Ducksters, 1 May 2015. Web. 11 May 2015. <http://www.ducksters.com/history/world_war_ii/battle_of_midway.php>.


WWII Impact on Women and African Americans

"World War II." For Kids: After WWII Post War. Ducksters. Web. 11 May 2015. <http://www.ducksters.com/history/world_war_ii/after_ww2.php>.


Causes of WWII
Treaty of Versailles
This ended WWI
Germany was forced to accept the responsibilities of WWI
This provoked angry Germans to turn to a totalitarian leader, Hitler
Japanese Expansion
Japan was growing rapidly but because of this tiny size it need more resources
Facism
Because of the economical trouble that WWI, facist dictators began to raise
Great Depression
Economy and job employment was low
1874-1965
-Graduated 20th in his class at the British Royal Military College
-1919-1922 Served as the British Minister of War
-April 1940 Became chairman of the Military Coordinating Committee
-1941 Churchill worked with Stalin and Roosevelt
-1943 Attended the Teheran Meeting
-1945 Attended the Yalta Conference
-1945 Attended the Potsdam Conference
-1945 Defeated in the general election
-1965 Dies at home, aged 90
"http://www.biography.com/people/winston-churchill-9248164#related-video-gallery" Web. Date Accessed: May 10, 2015
Woman
African Americans
Segregation still existed in the military during beginning of WWII
During the late years of WWII African Americans started to serve as fighter pilots, tank operators, ground troops, and officers.
Then emerged the Tuskegee Airmen and 761st Tank Battalion
Executive Order 8802 ended segregation in the workplace
http://www.ducksters.com/history/world_war_ii/african_americans_in_ww2.php
1889-1945
1905: Dropped out of school
1914: Served in the German military, even though he was an Austrian citizen
1921: Replaved Drexler as NSDAP* party chariman
1923: Lead a coup to overthrow the Nazi party, this failed
1923: Wrote
Mein Kamph
("My Struggle") while in prison
1938-1945: Commanded Germany in WWII
1945: Commited suicide, ending Germany's agression in WWII

http://www.biography.com/people/benito-mussolini-9419443#italys-defeat-and-mussolinis-demise Web. Date accessed: May 10, 2015
*Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei
http://www.biography.com/people/adolf-hitler-9340144#death-and-legacy
With men gone, women began to take jobs and rolls previously labeled "Men Only"
"Rosie the Riveter" was a popular figure among women in these rolls.
Women fought for equality alongside African Americans
Stalin
1911-1979
Born into wealthy, catholic family
Studied philosophy in Munich
Joined the Institute for Hereditary Biology and Racial Hygiene
Studied medicine at the University of Frankfurt
Joined the German army but was injured in battle and as declare unfit for combat
After this injure he became the "ANGLE OF DEATH"
Killed about over 400,000 victims while conducting numerous bizarre and brutal medical experiments
He escaped the War trials by hiding in South Africa
Thought be have been buried by the name Gerham
1890-1969
-1915 Graduated West Point, and was commissioned as a second lieutenant
-1942 Led Operation Torch, the Allied invasion of North Africa
-1944 Commanded the Allied force in the D-Day invasion of Normandy
-1945 Was made military governor of the German US occupation
-1952 Became the United States' 34th president
-1969 Dies to heart-related illness
Benito Mussolini
1883-1945
-1904 Promotes socialism
in Italy
-1919 Creates the Fascist
Party
-1925 Proclaims himself
dictator of Italy and promises to restore order
-1945 After a failed escape attempted, captured by the Italian underground and executed
Don't Attack Russia in the Winter
http://www.history.co.uk/biographies/josef-mengele
http://www.biography.com/people/joseph-stalin-9491723
http://www.biography.com/people/dwight-d-eisenhower-9285482
http://navajopeople.org/navajo-code-talker.htm
http://www.history.com/topics/world-war-ii/japanese-american-relocation
Full transcript