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Lincoln - Douglas Debates

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Jenna Smith

on 10 December 2013

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Transcript of Lincoln - Douglas Debates

Lincoln - Douglas Debates
February 12, 1809 – April 15, 1865

Abraham Lincoln
April 23, 1813 – June 3, 1861

Stephen Douglas
Jessica Davis; Jenna Friday; Susan Toboy
"Mr. Lincoln, and Mr. Douglas will address the people in joint debate, at the following places and times..."

"Douglas will open the discussion at Ottawa, Jonesboro, Galesburgand Alton, and speak one hour; Lincoln will follow speaking one hour and a half, and Douglas will reply for half an hour. At Freeport, Charleston and Quincy, , Lincoln will open the discussion, Douglas reply, and Lincoln rejoin."
"Inside the Lincoln-Douglas Debates"
Illinois State Journal - August 14th, 1858
Illinois (Present Day Map)
1st Debate - Ottawa, Illinois, August 21, 1858

2nd Debate - Freeport, Illinois, August 27, 1858

3rd Debate - Jonesboro, Illinois, September 15, 1858

4th Debate - Charleston, Illinois, September 18, 1858

5th Debate - Galesburg, Illinois, October 7, 1858

6th Debate - Quincy, Illinois, October 13, 1858

7th Debate - Alton, Illinois, October 15, 1858
Citations / Links
Debate schedule - Illinois State Journal, August 14th, 1858
"Inside the Lincoln-Douglas Debates" video - YouTube
Illinois map - http://www.thecaucusblog.com/2013/10/7-illinois-cities-that-hosted-lincoln.html
Lincoln-Douglas square, Alton, IL - http://62002.info/local/historic/lincoln-douglas-square
Lincoln's Scrapbook - http://www.journalofamericanhistory.org/projects/lincoln/media/pinsker/documents_artifacts/flipbook/scrapbook.html
Lincoln and Douglas Debates Negotiations-http://www.smithsonianmag.com/history-archaeology/lincoln-debate.html
A. Lincoln to S. Douglas- http://hd.housedivided.dickinson.edu/node/25344
Douglas Puffers and Valet- http://hd.housedivided.dickinson.edu/node/9553
Lincoln-Douglas Square
Alton, Illinois
Alton, Illinois is home to the Lincoln-Douglas square. This is the site of the last debate between Abraham Lincoln and Stephen Douglas, which took place on October 15th of 1858. Lincoln and Douglas are memorialized as two life-size bronze statutes, posed as if in the middle of a debate.
Lincoln's Scrapbook
Debate Negotiations:
Abraham Lincoln to Stephen Douglas
~ July 24, 1858~
Chicago Ills. July 24, 1858
Hon. S.A. Douglass
My Dear Sir
Will it be agreeable to you to make and arrangement for you and myself to divide time and address the same audiences during the present canvass? Mr Judd who will hand you this is authorized to receive your answer; and if agreeable to you to enter into the terms of such arrangement.
Your Obt. Servt
A. Lincoln

Delivered the original of which the above is a true copy to the Hon. S.A. Douglass at Chicago on the 24 July 1858 and received for answer that he would send me down an answer when he sent down his mail on Monday morning
N.B. Judd

1) After moving to Illinois in the 1830's, Stephen A. Douglas briefly courted Mary Todd, who went on to marry his future rival Abraham Lincoln.

2) The debates between Lincoln and Douglas during the 1858 Illinois senate race are among the most significant in American History. ~History.com

*3) Douglas traveled with hired help; two reporters and 1 cannon, to report "his truths" and to act as a valet. ~ see article to the right.

4) After losing the election to Lincoln, Stephen Douglas met with Lincoln at the White House to pledge his support. 4/14/1861 Using George Ashmum as a go-between.

5) Lincoln "origins" was in a slave state (Kentucky) but his relation to slavery was "white non- slaveholder.."

6) Douglas "origins" was in a free state (Vermont) but his relation to slavery was " slaveholder."

Did You Know?
Chicago (IL) Press and Tribune,
"Douglas Puffers and Valets," September 20, 1858
The Lincoln-Douglas Debates were held in 1858 between Stephen A. Douglas and Abraham Lincoln.
Lincoln was born in Kentucky but grew up in Indiana and eventually moved to Illinois.
The debate was for a US Senate seat from Illinois.
Lincoln and Douglas competed for votes in 7 face-to-face debates at 7 different sites throughout Illinois, in front of audiences of over 15,000 people.
There were many differences that set the two apart, but one of the main points was slavery.
Douglas was pro-slavery, Lincoln was against it.
The main reason for the debate was whether or not to allow slavery in the new United States territories.
Lincoln kept a scrapbook during the debates that he titled “Illinois Political Campaign of 1858". He included newspaper articles, debate transcripts from two newspapers, and his own handwritten notes. Lincoln's scrapbook is now held in the Library of Congress, but is available online at the link below.
Full transcript