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The Expansion of Industry

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Elizabeth Curtis

on 15 September 2014

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Transcript of The Expansion of Industry

The Expansion of Industry

design by Dóri Sirály for Prezi
At the end of the 19th century, natural resources, creative ideas and growing markets fueled an industrial boom.

Technological development of the late 19th century paved the way for the continued growth of American Industry.

Main Idea
-abundance of coal and iron
-1887 discovery of iron ore deposits in Minnesota- coal productions skyrockets

-iron is dense, but soft (breaks and rusts); remove carbon from iron= steel

Bessemer Process- injecting air into molten iron to remove carbon and impurities, both cheap and efficient
Bessemer Steel Process
Why It Matters Now?

Post Civil war- still agricultural nation

60 years later in 1920, leading industrial power in the world

Why? Due to a wealth of natural resources, government support for business, growing urban population, cheap labor and markets
Natural Resources Fuel Industrialization
1859- Edwin Drake used steam engine to drill for oil
-started a boom that spread to KY, OH, IL, IN, and TX
- refineries arose in Cleveland and Pittsburg to turn oil into kerosene
-gasoline was thrown away till invention of automobile- becomes most important form of oil
Black Gold

Uses for Stee
Full transcript