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Transcript of South Korea
Geography and Location
Samsung, LG, Hyuda and Kia are all South Korean brands that are known worldwide. These brands have come out with the newest and latest vehicles, TVs, smart phones, and even kitchen appliances.
One of my favorites is a refrigerator, BUT this refrigerator has a special egg holder in the fridge. When you are down to only three eggs, the refrigerator will ask if you would like to order more eggs from the store to your house/apartment.
Korean foods all were made to taste and compliment rice (which is one dish that is eaten at every meal). One of the most well known of Korean foods is kimchi. Kimchi is fermented cabbage, marinated in spicy red pepper.
There are a total of 16 main rivers in South Korea. South Korea also has more than 3,300 islands.
Review on S. Korean Products:
Hayley McQueen, TV Presenter
"Samsung is constantly changing and evolving and using different ways (and techniques) instead of mimicking other things."
The Korean Peninsula is right off the border of Southeast China. Korea is surrounded by the Yellow Sea and Japan Sea. This geographical feature was crucial to when Paleolithic man first settled down in Korea. The water was a very big source of food, and still is today. South Korea's land is 70% mountainous and the other 30% are all low lands. South Korea is also filled with many rivers, one of the most famous Korean rivers, the Han River flows directly through the capitol city, Seoul. These rivers are also a source of electricity. South Korea's rich and fertile soil is great for growing citrus fruit as well as apples and pears. The mountains also provide a habitat for animals native to the Korean Peninsula.
In Ancient Korea, houses had only one room. This one room would become the dinning room, to the living room, and then to the bedroom. In Ancient Korea, one roomed houses were very common. Traditional Korean furniture is all made very low, and close to the floor. The tables were only about 1 ft. - 1.5 ft. tall. Blankets and pillows would be kept in a closet in the wall and was stored there until it was time to sleep.
This is what a typical Korean house would look like.
This is what the house would have looked from the inside. The other room in the back is the kitchen.
Traditions and Customs
Korean culture has many traditions and customs that were developed in ancient times and are still practiced today. In Ancient Korea, Koreans celebrated the Lunar New Year, Chuseok (Harvest Celebration) and celebrated many other festivities.
Lunar New Year
eat rice cake soup (tteokguk) for good luck and a prosperous year (tteokguk/rice cake soup is only eaten on VERY special occassions
all generations gather together for traditional bowing (sae-bae). This is when children and and parents bow to their elders and wish them a healthy and good fortune
play traditional Korean game, called "yut norri" (this game is only played during the New Years)
Korean Harvest Celebration
takes place on August 15th (the Lunar Calender)
celebrate the harvest season and thank God for a good harvest
families gather together and eat a huge feast (usually takes many days to prepare)
there is a parade filled with town members drumming and dancing (samul norri)
Traditional Korean clothing is called hanbok. This type of clothing is woven with the finest silk. In Ancient Korea, hanboks were worn daily by both men, women, and children.
After Korea gained it's independence from Japan in 1945, the Korean Peninsula was split into two separate countries (North and South) due to the disagreements with Korea's government system.
Despite the struggles South Korea might have had, it is THRIVING today. South Korea is now leading in technology and innovations. Both North and South Korea have had a great deal of Western influence on their countries.
Modern-day South Korean houses aren't much different from houses here in the U.S. In S. Korea there are many apartments, houses and neighborhoods. Many Koreans have also immagrated to the United States in the past 70 years after the Korean War.
high waist, wrap around skirt
socks & shoes
silk shirt with a thin vest worn over it
socks & shoes
In Ancient Korea, you could tell a woman's relationship status just by looking at her hair. Women who were engaged or already married, wore their hair up in a bun. Girls who were not arranged for marriage wore their hair in a long braid.
Traditions and Customs
Many of the Ancient traditions are still practiced today. Now that South Korea has become more westernized, Koreans also celebrate occassions such as Christmas.
In S. Korea, most children attending school would have to wear a uniform (as education is highly valued). This way the students focus on their studies. Outside of school and the workplace, South Korean people have a very high fashion and modern style.
Grace Subervi, TV Show Hostess
"I've found that many products from Korea are very unique."
Nely Paezzino, user of Samsung Appliances
"Korean products really do make my life easier."
Korea's National Martial Art
Taekwondo was formed by combining all of the many Korean martial arts that were practiced throughout the entire peninsula. There are still many other various Korean martial arts, such as HwaRangDo, HapKiDo, Judo, KumDo, etc. but, Korea's official national martial art became TaeKwondo when it was established after WW11.
Now TaeKwondo is a sport in the Olympics and has also evolved into a performing arts.
The South Korean Flag
The South Korean flag, known as the taegeuki, has many different parts that each symbolize different things and have different meanings.
the white background
symbolizes South Korea's
peace and purity.
This symbol in the middle of the flag is called the "taeguk. The taeguk symbolizes two opposing forces. For example the red may symbolize fire and the other water. This shows balance.
these black lines represent the principles of movement and harmony. Each group of lines kwae represent one of the four elements. The elements represened are heaven, earth, fire and water. In Korean the four elements are known as geon, ri, gam, and gon.
South Korea's Government
South Korea's government is run on capitalism, the same system we use here in the states. Political leaders are chosen and voted for by the citizens of South Korea.
Last year in 2013, for the first time S. Korea elected a female president. Park Geun-hye, is the daughter of the former president of S. Korea. Now, she is following her father's footsteps.
Park Chung-Hee was one of the best remembered South Korean president to serve in office. His term started 1961 until he was assassinated in 1979.
Park Geun-Hye recently took hold of the South Korean government as president just last year of February 2013. She has made S. Korea very successful even in her short time in office.
Hangul is the Korean alphabet that has been used to write the Korean language since it was created in the 15th century by King Sejong. Korean is one of the very few countries to not only have their own language, but an alphabet as well.