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Transcript of Renaissance
- humanism was used in the Renaissance to show human beings as the supreme power and their use of that power
- political reformation and the concept of hierarchy were used and became a trend an example of this would be Macbeth and his queens design to kill Banquo in order to gain the throne.
- Literature as an imitation to how life really is started to become shown in the Renaissance
- Religious reformation became more evident and people started to question the pope and believe in more natural phenomena. -Time of Rebirth that began in Italy
-Establishment of effective central government
-Rise of strong monarchy where kings ruled
-Patriotism and Nationalism emerges
-Fear of disorder in power throughout the time, which is present in Renaissance literature
-Increase in Trade throughout the rivers to stimulate economy Religion Renaissance -Born in February 1478 in London
-Son of Sir John More, a successful judge
-English lawyer, social philosopher, author, Renaissance humanist
-Married in 1505 to a woman 10 years younger and had 4 children
-Took serious interest in education of women
-Named Chancellor in 1529
-Best and most controversial work: Utopia (social arrangements in Europe
-Tried for treason in 1535 and executed -Born around April 23, 1564. Emma, Sarah, Ben, Jack, and Nate Culture -Rejected the importance or belief in God at times SOCIAL -Rise of the middle class
4 main classes:
Families in Power/ Noble: owned much of the land at the top of the social ladder.
Merchants: newly rich
Shopkeepers and Professionals
Workers: farmers and serfs at the bottom, treated very poorly. There was reborn enthusiasm in the arts and education.
The era is best known for its artistic developments and the contributions of such artists as Leonardo da Vinci and Michelangelo.
There was a resurgence of learning based on classical sources dating back to ancient Rome.
These cultural changes of the Renaissance were not uniformly experienced across Europe. -Believed in human fulfillment -Beliefs shifted from established faith to individual thoughts based on evidence Sir Walter Raleigh Christopher Marlowe -Believed to attend the King's New School in Stratford. He was an explorer, soldier, and a spy who happened to write in his free time.
Well known for popularizing tobacco in England, his contributions to the "El Dorado" legend, and the Capital of North Carolina is named after him.
Raleigh's poetry is written in the relatively straightforward mode known as the plain style.
Sadly he was beheaded on 29 October 1618. - Marlowe's birth date was unknown but he was speculated to be about 2 months older then Shakespeare.
- Marlowe went to Corpus Christi College, Cambridge.
- The college hesitated to reward him his degree when there was speculation he was converting to Roman Catholicism but the Queens privy council mysteriously intervened on his behalf and rewarded him the degree.
- Rumors stated that Marlowe was once a government spy for the Queen.
- Evidence of this was his lengthy absences from the university (much longer then permitted by university regulations) and his lavish spending more then he could ever have afforded
- Marlowe's first play ever performed on the regular stage in London, was Tamburlaine the Great, about the conqueror Timur who rises from shepherd to warrior, this was among the first English plays in Blank Verse
- Marlowe's plays were always displayed with controversial themes including jews, resentment with the government, massacres, and dealing with the devil. -Valued worldly pleasures, personal independence, and individual expression -Wrote 38 plays, 154 sonnets and 5 other poems in a span of 23 years. -Married Ann -Married Anne Hathaway November 28, 1582. The History of King Richard III The History of King Richard III
Sir Thomas More
[A King's Mistress1]
Now then, bye and bye, as it were for anger not for covetise, the Protector sent into the house of Shore's wife (for her husband dwelled not with her) and spoiled her of all that she ever had, above the value of two or three thousand marks, and sent her body to prison. And when he had a while laid unto her for the manner's sake, that she went about to bewitch him, and that she was of counsel with the Lord Chamberlain2 to destroy him; in conclusion when that no color could fasten upon these matters, then he laid heinously to her charge that thing that herself could not deny, that all the world wist was true, and that natheles every man laughed at to hear it then so suddenly so highly taken, that she was naught of her body. And for this cause (as a goodly continent prince clean and faultless of himself, sent out of heaven into this vicious world for the amendment of men's manners) he caused the Bishop of London to put her to open penance, going before the cross in procession upon a Sunday with a taper in her hand.3 In which she went in countenance and pace demure, so womanly, and albeit she were out of all array save her kirtle only, yet went she so fair and lovely, namely while the wondering of the people cast a comely rud in her cheeks (of which she before had most miss) that her great shame won her much praise among those that were more amorous of her body than curious of her soul. And many good folk also that hated her living and glad were to see sin corrected, yet pitied they more for her penance than rejoiced therein when they considered that the Protector procured it, more of a corrupt intent than any virtuous affection. -Was not very popular to begin with. -Started writing with an acting company called Lord Chamberlain's men. -Believed to have died on his birthday in 1616 at age 52. 1400-1600's Born in London in February 1567 to John and Lucy
John died, Lucy remarried, she died
Now Thomas is with Augustine Steward (step father)
Tom was sent to Cambridge to study
dropped out without a degree
Many years later he would receive a medical degree at Caen
Main job during his life was a physician
first literary work was a group of five poems
in 1595, a collection of epigrams was published and this gained him his reputation
after this he wrote masques and songs for weddings and celebrations of court holders like lords and princes
his main area of work was in songs and masques
"I care not for these ladies"
I care not for these ladies who must be woo'd
Give me sweet Amaryllis
The wanton country maid
Nature Art disdaineth
her beauty is her own