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Sports Injuries 2 - Ligaments

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sarah sandford

on 21 February 2013

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Transcript of Sports Injuries 2 - Ligaments

Sprains & Strains What do they do?
A type of connective tissue
Attach bone to bone
Stabilise a joint
Damage to a ligament is called a sprain Lateral Ankle Ligaments Can you think of any ligament injuries/sprains that are common in sport? Sprains
Caused by a sudden twist, impact or fall which causes the joint to move outside its normal ROM.

Sprains classified from grade I - grade III Common sports sprains/ruptures... What movements take place at the ankle?

Which movement or combination of movements most commonly causes lat. lig. injuries? ATFL injury
Most common of the lateral ligs to be damaged
Often only injured in isolation
Injured in PF and inversion

How can we tell if ligaments
are damaged?
What are the signs and symptoms?
(Grade I - III) What are the risk factors for this injury? Footwear
Playing surface
Actions required by the game
Muscle imbalance
Previous injury
Postural sway/proprioception ACL Injury Often torn along with MCL/Medial meniscus
Common in twisting/cutting sports
Often non contact
Most common mechanism - planting foot, and rotating the opposite way
Also contact to front on shin What are the signs and symptoms of this injury?

What are the risk factors for this injury? Signs & Symptoms Audible pop/snap/crack
Instability and poor ROM (especially ext)
Extreme pain
Delayed swelling
Delayed brusing
Bone brusing Muscle Strain Occurs when the fibres are unable to cope with the strain put upon them.

Can you think of any common muscles strains?

Normally occurs during sudden acceleration/deceleration

The strain normally occurs where the muscle meets the tendon. Hamstring Injury Commonly injured because:
- It is crosses 2 joints
- It has two heads
- It is activated by 2 different nerves
- Muscle inbalance Signs and symptoms? (grade I - III)
Risk factors?
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