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Megan Callow

on 8 July 2010

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Transcript of Run-Ons

This is a little presentation on
Run-Ons. ...or more specifically,
But first, a little refresher on sentence fragments. If a complete sentence has to have the
right ingredients
to be complete, And if a sentence fragment is missing a
few key ingredients, Then a run-on sentence has too MANY ingredients. Ok, so the ingredients of a sentence are: A SUBJECT (the do-er
and shaker of the sentence), A PREDICATE, aka VERB
(this is the action of the sentence) ...and a complete thought
(it cannot, for example,
contain a subordinating
conjunction, which makes
the thought incomplete). For example: My dog Cally rolls in poop. subject verb That was a complete sentence,
composed of one independent clause. Like this: The rain makes us sad, we want play in the sun. This sentence has two independent clauses jammed together in one sentence, without enough of a signal
that one complete thought is ending,
and another is beginning. There are two types of run-on:
a comma splice, and
a fused sentence. A COMMA SPLICE joins
two independent clauses with
only a comma: Cherries are in
season in July,
I usually get a bellyache
from eating too many
of them. A FUSED SENTENCE joins main clauses
with no punctuation or conjunctions, like so: Juan will never get on an airplane they terrify him. So, what are we going to
do about it? Well,
we've got four options for
tackling a run-on. grrrr! 1. First, you can stick a period between
the clauses. Cherries are in
season in July.
I usually get a bellyache
from eating too many
of them. 2. Or you can plop a semicolon between the clauses. Cherries are in season in July; I usually get a bellyache from eating too many of them. 3. Another possibility: use a coordinating conjunction. The coordinating conjunctions are:


Just think, FANBOYS. Cherries are in season in July,
and I usually get a bellyache
from eating too many of them. 4. Lastly, you can use a colon to separate the clauses... ...but only when the second clause
helps explain the first:

Serafina is gorgeous: her hair is black, silky, and long. To review: A fragment lacks an essential element in a sentence. A run-on contains more than one independent clause jammed into one sentence, without a sufficient connector. There are two kinds of run-ons. Comma Splice... and a
Fused Sentence. You can fix a run-on in four ways. Put a period between the main clauses, Put a semicolon between main clauses, Use a conjunction of some kind (coordinating or subordinating-- your pick), Remember what the coordinating conjunctions are? Or you can use a colon between the main clauses. Let the meaning of your sentence determine which fix you want to use. For more on run-ons, please see Chapter 18 of our text.

Thanks for watching! A RUN-ON sentence is when you stick two main clauses into a sentence without a sufficient connector between them. Newsflash: You can NOT use a semicolon and a conjunction at the same time. You have to pick one or the other. No sentences that look like this... Cherries are in season in July;
and I usually get a bellyache
from eating too many of them. No!
Full transcript