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Transcript of Psyc Intro
Considered the founder of EXPERIMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY
Introduced mathematics into the field
Established the first university laboratory
Studies the 'atoms' of the mind
Early focus on 'normal adult behavior'
STUCTURALISM was developed
Based on INTROSPECTION
Introspection requires exploring ones own expereince - thoughts and feelings - and documenting them
Founded the concept of the
Believed in unconscious mental processes
Driven by aggression and sexual desire
Focused on therapy for mental illnesses
Frued developed the id, ego and super ego
ID: Deepest sub conscious motivation, pleasure seeking pain avoiding
EGO: Seeks to please the id in realistic ways. It tries to balance desire and reality
SUPER EGO: Seeks social perfection. It feels guilt for bad desires
Dismissed mental processes.
Greatly influenced by Pavlov
Premiere theory from 1920-60
The stimulus/response of Psychology
John B. Watson
Behavioral science tries to predict human behavior in certain circumstances
The aim is to predict and controll behavior
No introspection needed
Considered a radical behaviorist
Focused on Environmental determinants of behavior
Introduced the Concept of OPERANT CONDITIONING:
Helped establish modern COGNITIVE PSYCHOLOGY
Thought processes that systematically link
Focus on language and communication
Helped form modern theories on linguistics
Famous for Universal Grammar Theory
Believe that all languages share the same grammar rules
Describes language acquisition for all languages
Sets out language rules: if 'x' is true, then 'y' occurs.
Replaced behaviorism as the leading theory around 1960
Focuses on how people learn, store, retrieve and then use information
What is Psychology
Psychology is the study of human behavior and the human mind
Other brain ativities
Psychology is interdisciplinary:
Psychology is broad:
Goals of Psychology
To understand how we think feel and gernarlly operate
Under what circumstances do certain thigs occur
Who, what, when where how?
To characterize these actions
To be able to give reason for an occurance
To go beyond the gathered data to expalin actions
Be able to answer the question: Why does this happen?
Be able to look carefully at a certain situations
Observe the influences and causes.
Finally calculate when it is likelyt to happen again
To observe or create variables that control situations
To observe when to employ these measures
To know how to employ these measures
Know when to withdraw a method
To try to use the knowledge to the benefit of others
First, do no harm
Then, do your best
A quote from
“"If the only tool you have is a hammer, you tend to see every problem as a nail."
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Goals of Psychology
Learn from History