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Tracking Moral Allegory in Lord of the Flies


gillian hays

on 17 May 2013

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Transcript of Tracking Moral Allegory in Lord of the Flies

Moral Allegory in Lord of the Flies Ralph Chapters 1-3 Chapter 4 Chapter 5 Chapter 6 Chapter 7 Chapter 8 Chapter 9 Chapter 10 Chapter 11 Chapter 12 Ralph's morals are established in the first 3 chapters as primarily revolving around the morals that one may acquire as a child. As a child most parents try to teach their children morals such as respect and putting others before themselves.
In the first chapter, Ralph establishes his concern for the other children on the island and makes it a point assemble them together. He does not care for himself as much as he cares for the others that may be stranded on the island. Once they make him chief, he immediately assumes responsibility because of the position he has been given. Piggy Chapter 1-2 Chapter 4 Chapter 5 Chapter 6 Chapter 7 Chapter 8 Chapter 10 Chapter 11 Chapter 12 Chapter 9 Jack Chapter 1-3 Chapter 4 Chapter 5 Chapter 6 Chapter 7 Chapter 8 Chapter 10 Chapter 11 Chapter 12 Chapter 9 Simon Chapter 3 Chapter 5 Chapter 6 Chapter 7 Chapter 8 Chapter 10 Chapter 11 Chapter 12 Chapter 9 Maurice Chapter 4 Chapter 8 Roger Chapter 5 Chapter 8 Chapter 11 Maurice's morals are established during this chapter. On page 60, Maurice causes one of the littluns (Percival) to whimper because he had gotten sand in the child's eye. In the past, Maurice had gotten in trouble for filling a child's eye with sand. Although there are no parents on the island, Maurice can not help but feel unease for making the child cry, because he has a guilty conscience. Maurice's morals are based on the difference between right and wrong because although he is young, he is able to distinguish the difference from when he does a good thing and when he does something bad. In the past he was scolded any time he did something wrong therefore making him be able to know what is wrong and what is right. Maurice has a guilty conscience causing him to feel badly for the child when he gets sand in Percival's eye.
Most children are also taught the difference between wrong an right at a young age just as Maurice was. It is a common moral among people to possess. Throughout the chapter Simon’s morals are first established. Simon is the only boy to help Ralph build shelters, and towards the end he wanders off, & helps a group of children before going off on his own to be with nature. He maintains his neutrality, selflessness and therefore has morals more centered around keeping peace and connecting with nature. On page 112 Ralph remembers a time when he says, “Mummy had still been with them and Daddy had come home every day.” This quotation demonstrates that at a young age Ralph had to learn to be independent, because he somehow lost his mother, and his father stopped coming home every day. (Page 157) “You were outside . Outside the circle. You never really came in. Didn’t you see what we- what they did?.... Not all that well. I only got one eye now. You ought to know that, Ralph.” Piggy was the only boy who attended the feast but didn’t help in attacking Simon. This demonstrates that his morals are very intellectually based. His focus is solely on surviving and maintaining manners. SamnEric Chapter 12 The twins maintain their morals up until and through this point in the novel. Despite their being a part of Jack’s tribe, they help Ralph by giving him food. Because of their loyalty, Ralph trusts them with knowing his hiding place. The twins do not disclose his location until Roger and Jack jab them with their spears and torture them.
(Page 177) “Ralph- Remember what we came for. The fire. My specs.... and the fire”
(Page 180) “I got the conch! I got this to say. You’re acting like a crowd of kids. Which is better- to be a pack of painted indians like you are, or to be sensible like Ralph is? which is better- to have rules and agree, or to hunt and kill?”
Both quotations demonstrate that Piggy is focused solely on surviving. He uses his intellect to do the best he could to keep him and Ralph alive through the trivial arguments. (Page 87) “The littluns were no longer silent. They were reminded of their personal sorrows... They began to cry... Maurice saved them. He cried out. ‘Look at me!’ He pretended to fall over. He rubbed his rump and sat on the twister that he fell in the He clowned badly; but Percival and the others noticed and sniffed and laughed. presently they were all laughing so absurdly that the biguns joined in” Maurice notices the children crying when the beast is mentioned and begins to feel sorrow for them. He falls off the log purposely in grass as an attempt to get them to laugh. This demonstrates his general caring nature. It also shows that he enjoys entertaining others and making them laugh. His morals reflect selflessness at this point in the novel. (Page 62) “Roger stooped, picked up a stone, aimed, and threw it at Henry- threw it to miss. The stone, that token of preposterous time, bounce five yards to Henry’s right and fell in the water. Roger gathered a handful of stones and began to throw them.” This is the first chapter in which Roger is first focused on and established. Roger’s morals are evident in this portion of the chapter when he throws the stones at Henry. Roger's morals generally around himself and cruelty. Roger tends to act upon impulse and his impulses are usually very cruel and selfish. He does not care for the littleuns and hurts them for his own enjoyment.(Page 182) “Roger edged past the chief, only just avoiding pushing him with his shoulder. The yelling ceased, and SamnEric lay looking up in quiet terror. Roger advanced upon them as one wielding a nameless authority.” Roger had taken complete control from Jack and began torturing the twins. He was not asked to hurt the twins but did it anyway. It seems as if he has no conscience when it comes to his own desires or needs. He is self-involved and does not think of the impact it may have on others for he acts impulsively.Roger seems to have a great want to hurt others. He hurts the littleuns, kills Piggy, and tortures SamnEric. If something upsets him, he instantly acts upon his first instinct and attacks it. By the end of this chapter, it is evident that Roger's original self-involved and cruel morals have changed him into a savage. During this chapter, Maurice abandons Ralph's "tribe" and joins Jack's. This demonstrates Maurice beginning to abandon his morals as his internal savagery becomes more prominent. Before, he usually felt guilty if he hurt or upset someone but in this chapter he does not care that he left Ralph and the others alone when they needed his assistance.
(Page 136) “This time Robert and Maurice acted the two parts; and Maurice’s acting of the pig’s efforts to avoid the advancing spear was so funny that the boys cried with laughter.” When Maurice acts the part of the pig, it is showing that he still contains his joker-like behavior and enjoys making the others laugh just as he had in chapter 5 when he made the littleuns stop crying. This chapter demonstrates the cruel nature that lies within Roger after he leaves Ralph’s tribe and goes to Jack’s. He kills the pig in a terrible way by stabbing it through its buttox and killing it.
(Page 135) “Roger ran around the heap, prodding with his spear whenever pigflesh appeared...Roger found a lodgment for his point and began to push till he was leaning with his whole weight. The spear moved forward inch by inch and the terrified squealing became a high-pitched scream.” This demonstrates his cruel behavior and his lack of a conscience because even though the pig is squealing in pain he continues to push the spear further into the pig and making it suffer. He demonstrates an almost “blood-thirsty” behavior.
Roger's morals have remained generally the same but have become more prominent. It is unknown as to why his morals are so self-involved and cruel. Definition
A reference to a character's morals Jack’s morals are originally established. He must have been convinced his whole life that he was better than everyone (egotistical). His morals are mostly self-involved and power hungry. His morals lead him to make irresponsible decisions that benefit only him. His morals do not prevent him from making decisions that may be harmful to others.
In chapter one Jack had already possessed power over the choir members and as he is challenged by Ralph for power he becomes very defensive. He is very egotistical and once he realizes that he is able to hunt he begins to develop a violent nature. In the past he was most likely seen as very important and powerful causing him to believe he is better than everyone. He also has a savage side deep down inside him. (Page 71) “There was the brilliant world of hunting, tactics, fierce exhilaration, skill; and there was the world of longing and baffled commonsense.” This quote generally describes Jack throughout the entire chapter. Hunting is fine, but Jack lacks common sense and is too obsessed with hunting and not concerned enough with survival. He allows the fire to go out and leaves to go hunting as if it is the number one priority. Jack is able to manipulate the boys and convince them it is the right thing to do by joining his tribe and becoming hunters, leaving Ralph, Piggie, and SamnEric alone to fend for themselves. He does this for his own fortune, not for the well-being of the others but for himself. This is an example of his self-concerned morals. “My auntie told me not to run...On account of my asthma.” Piggy’s parents died when he was young so he went to live with his Aunt. His aunt taught him caution at a young age, making him tentative. This results in his morals of being a logical thinker, a proper person, and a tentative boy.
On page 45, Piggy states,“How can you expect to be rescued if you don’t put first things first and act proper?” Piggy is scolding the boys on their improper attitude and behavior when the idea of fire is brought up and they begin to act as if they are savages. Piggy's Aunt had taught him that being proper is very important and he knows that in order to be saved they must act rationally and think logically by building huts and gathering food. Pg. 70. “There was a ship. Out there. You said you’d keep the fire going and you let it out! They might have seen us. We might have gone home- You and your blood, Jack Merridew! You and your hunting! We might have gone home!” In this chapter, Ralph continues to demonstrate his morals that help him maintain responsibility. He takes on the role of a parental figure, by scolding the hunters and Jack by using his full name. Pg 170 "They came stealing... at night, in darkness, and stole our fire. They stole it. We'd have given them fire if they'd asked. But they stole it and the signal's out and we can't ever be rescued." This quotation demonstrates Jack's thoughtless behavior caused by his lack of good morals. He immediately stole from Ralph's tribe without a thought about the consequences.
Pg. 181 “Piggy was gone... Suddenly Jack bounded out from the tribe and began screaming wildly. ‘See? See? That’s what you’ll get! I meant that! There isn’t a tribe for you anymore! The conch is gone-... I’m chief!” In this chapter, after Piggy is killed, Jack shows no sign of regret, or guilt. He actually goes out of his way to boast about his high authority. This demonstrates his self-involved actions. He is mostly only concerned with how his actions can benefit him and him only.

Chapter 10 SamnEric’s morals are first illustrated in chapter ten when Ralph is abandoned by the rest of the boys and only Piggy, a few littluns, and SamnEric are the only boys to stay in Ralph’s tribe. This is a demonstration of SamnEric’s loyalty to Ralph as a chief. SamnEric’s morals revolve around loyalty to authority figures. Ralph possessed authority of them throughout the entire novel therefore causing them to develop a sense of loyalty towards him. Because of their morals, they maintain this loyalty towards Ralph.
Chapter 4 Pg. 62 “Roger stooped, picked up a stone, aimed, and threw it at Henry- threw it to miss. The stone, that token of preposterous time, bounce five yards to Henry’s right and fell in the water. Roger gathered a handful of stones and began to throw them.” This is the first chapter in which Roger is first focused on and his morals are established. Roger’s morals are evident in this portion of the chapter. Morals are revolving around himself (throws rocks at a young boy to entertain himself).
and cruelty. He acts on impulse for his own personal enjoyment and finds entertainment in hurting the child
pg 91. “What are we? Humans? Or animals? Or savages? What’s grownups going to think? Going off- hunting pigs- letting fires out- and now!” This quotation takes place during the meeting regarding the beast. It demonstrates Piggy’s morals regarding his focus on survival. Also, it illustrates his value of manners and composure. Pg. 127. “I’m not going to be a part of Ralph’s lot-... I’m going off by myself He can catch his own pigs. Anyone who wants to hunt when i do can come too.” This demonstrates Jack’s thirst for power and selfishness. He entirely abandons the original tribe, leaving them with no hunters, so that he could have the title of “Chief”. Pg 80. “The fire is the most important thing on the island. How can we ever be rescued except by luck, if we don’t keep a fire going? Is a fire too much for us to make?...Can’t you see we ought to … die before we let the fire out?” This quotation emphasizes Ralph’s intense belief in being rescued. He takes such responsibility over the important roles because of his morals. When the boys were searching the island for the beast, someone needed to be sent back to the shore to send Piggy a message.Simon volunteered to cross through the dark forests in order to let Piggy know they’d be back after dark. This illustrates his deep connection that he has with nature. Also, he is selfless in volunteering to cross through the frightening forest by himself to spare the others. pg 89. “Simon’s effort fell about him in ruins; the laughter beat him curelly and he shrank away defenseless to his seat.” This illustrates Simon maintaining his morals of keeping peace. He was made fun of, and his theory regarding the beats was laughed at and shot down. Despite this fact, Simon merely stopped talking and listened to other people. He didn’t argue, scream, or cause any problems.
Pg. 117. “He thought of the littluns and Piggy. Vividly he imagined Piggy by himself, huddled in a shelter that was silent except for the sounds of nightmare. ‘We can’t leave the littluns alone with Piggy. Not all night.” Ralph’s morals have slowly evolved from being self-centered, and responsible. To being responsible in a way that he cares for the others. Ralph’s decision to send someone back to the beach to be with Piggy was based on his morals on responsibility and his general care for Piggy. Pg. 156-157.In discussing the murder of Simon, Ralph says “I wasn’t scared... I was - I don’t know what i was...Don’t you understand, Piggy? The things we did-” Because of his morals, Ralph puts the blame for what happened to Simon directly on his shoulders, and his shoulders alone. He claimed responsibility for the safety of the boys and so he felt guilty for what happened to him.
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