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Battles of WW1

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Martin Li

on 19 September 2014

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Transcript of Battles of WW1

Canadian Battles of World War 1
Immune to gas!?
Quick Review -
Causes of War
Archduke Ferdinand's Assassination
Militarization & The Arms Race
Alliance Systems
The Schlieffen Plan
Plan to attack France & Russia
Would ensure quick French defeat
Failed due to unexpected resistance, early Russian Mobilization & modifications to original plan
1: 3rd, 4th & 5th Armies fight French
2: 1st & 2nd sweep through Belgium around Paris
3: Paris is Captured
4: France surrenders
5: Germany ships all Armies to East Germany to fight Russia
Work hard.
The Order for the
presentation is:
1: Review
2. 1st Battle of Ypres
3. 3rd Battle of Ypres
4. Beaumont Hammel
5. Vimy Ridge
6. The Battle of the Somme
7. Conclusion.
Who, What, Where, Why, & How.
Provide Details as long as you dont override..
Follow Presentation Zen. This takes priority.
Do not forget to include visuals, and try to
explain them.
Explain the significance of these battles
for Canada.
Don't be afraid to ask questions, heck, type
a question out here, maybe someone will
When Was This Battle Fought?
The Battle Of Vimy Ridge.
This Battle Was Fought on April 9th to 14th 1917.
Where Was This Battle Fought?
Vimy Ridge was a low ridge joining the Germans Hinderline to their main trench lines towards the north of Hill 70 near Arras, France.
The British and
the French tried
to claim the
ridge before
but were
In 1917, the task was given to the Canadian Corps.
the Canadian Corps. was commanded by Lieutenant- General Sir J.H.G Byng.
After Accurate training, practice and support of 1000 Artillery pieces, the Canadians Attacked Vimy Ridge.
It was the first time the Canadians ever attacked together and they achieved Triumph.
They took out the Germans on the Ridge. by April 14th they had gotten more guns, more grounds and more prisoners than the British had ever done during their attacks.
This sense of achievement and pride gave Canada Self- confidence and recognition as veteran and professional soldiers who could be relied on to perform exceptionally in battle.
Today, there is a monument in France for all of the Canadian Soldiers who died or are presumably dead and have no known graves.
First Battle
Date:19 October – 22 November 1914
Location:Ypres, Belgium
Result: Decisive Allied victory
It is a heavy but indecisive fighting as the Allies and the Germans both tried to break through the lines of the others
Second Battle of Ypres
Second battle of Ypres
Date: 22 April – 25 May 1915
Location: Ypres, Belgium
Result: Stalemate
Army of Africa
British India
VS. German
It marked the first time that Germany used poison gas on a large scale on the Western Front.
German and Allied armies attempted one more breakthrough operation to win a decisive victory in 1914
The Battle
of Ypres

The Battle of

So, why was Passchendaele important?
It was the first step to stopping this.
What is this?
The Facts
(Canada entered the battle on October 17th)
When: July 31st - November 6th
Canadians arrived to...
Despite having a month's start,
Britain had made little progress
towards capturing the town.
Under the command of Arthur Currie,
Canadians attacked and eventually
captured Passchendaele by November 6th.
Currie planned out
an entire series of
battles that allowed
Canada to fight the
counterattacks that
would come from
taking new land.
Casualties: Estimated to be a total of 80,000
for both sides. Britain was estimated in at
40,000, while Germany had about the same.
Canada was estimated at about 5000 casualties.
Once again, Canadians had done what the British could not.
Any doubts that
Canadians were competent soldiers
were washed away with
this battle.
The Battle of the Somme
And the story of Beaumont-Hammel
The Battle of
Somme was
the largest
& bloodiest
battle in
World War 1.
Canada once again played the
role of storming fortified positions.
From July 1916, to November, the Canadian
Corps, aided
by tanks, took
fortified area
after fortified
area despite
heavy resistance and
The objective of the Allied powers was
to bleed out Germany's ranks in a battle
of attrition.
Germany: est. 200,000 wounded, 275,000 killed
Allied Powers (France, Britain, Canada): est. 200,000 killed, 400,000 wounded total
It was considered a success.
The Newfoundland regiment was
deployed during the Battle of Somme.
General de Lise
received a report
that a British flare
had been spotted
over Beaumont-
..And ordered the Newfoundland
Regiment to move up.
It was a German Flare.
That day, the Newfoundland Regiment
suffered a 90% casualty rate.
Today at Beaumont-Hammel, there is
a memorial for these soldiers.
Canadians became known as
efficient, highly professional soldiers
for the British.
Germany would focus their troops where the Canadians would be.
Overall, Canada was a force that was
respected and highly important in WW1.
Full transcript