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The Greek Times
Transcript of The Greek Times
The Near Defeat at Thermopylae
Ten years after the defeat at Marathon, the Greeks were once again threatened by Persia.
The new Persian King, Xerxes, crossed the Hellespont between Greece and Asia Minor by creating a bridge by tying boats together with linen and papyrus cables. The Persians had more than 200 000 soldiers, but they seemed in the millions.
Though many Greek city-states accepted the domination by Persia, Athens created
Vol XCIII, No. 311
Too Nice For Their Own Good?
The Battle at Marathon
A Close Call
Battle of Salamis
In 490 BC, the King of Persia sent a fleet of soldiers to take revenge on Athens after Athens aided its neighbor escape from Persia's hold during the Ionian Revolt.
The Persian fleet found a sheltered beach which worked perfect for shelter and began to set up their camp on the plain of Marathon.
The Athenians, worried for their safety, sent a runner to their surrounding neighbors like Sparta asking for help against the Persian army. After the runner returned, saying Sparta would be more than a 10 days wait, an Athens general, Miltiades, convinced the Athenian army to attack.
The armor which the Greeks wore, sent the Persian army running, getting cut down on their way back to their boats.
Though a win for Athens, there was still much more to be fought over.
Following the battle of Thermopylae, the Greeks retreated to Salamis with over 300 triremes, which were fast ships with three levels of rowers.
After a much awaited time, around 600 Persian ships were attacked by the well-crewed Greek ships. King Xerxes watched with despair as one-by-one his ships were destroyed.
Xerxes barely escaped by his life as he abandoned his army and left his general Mardonius in charge.
The Greek Times
200 strong fleets of ships and created a defense plan. The plan involved defending a narrow pass which the Persians had to cross. Spartans and Athenians held the pass, but a shepherd betrayed Greece by telling Xerxes a path which he could take to avoid Thermopylae.
Though a few thousand Persian soldiers were killed, more escaped through the mountains.
The Battle at Plataea
The Final Victory
The next year, Mardonius lead his remaining men to a plain near the town of Plataea.
It was here where the Spartans lead the Greek army to an all-out battle against the Persians, killing most Persian warriors as well as their leader, Mardonius. The remaining soldiers fled back to Persia, gaining the Greek victory.