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Legal Bases of Philippine Education

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Renz Erica Santo

on 3 August 2014

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Transcript of Legal Bases of Philippine Education

EDUCATIONAL DECREE OF 1863
The decree provided for the establishment of primary school for boys and girls in each town of the country.

ACT NO. 1870 OF 1908
The law served as the legal basis for the creation of the University of the Philippines.


PRESIDENTIAL DECREE NO. 1006 OF 1976
The Decree was a legal and formal recognition of teachers as professionals and teaching as a profession
REPUBLIC ACT NO. 5698
The Act created the Legal Education Board whose task was to regulate and improve the quality of law schools in the Philippines in order to stop the increasing number of examinees who fail to pass the bar examinations given every year.
DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION, CULTURE AND SPORTS (DECS) ORDER NO. 1 OF 1994
This Order increased the number of school days to 200 days (42 calendar weeks) inclusive of examination days for public and private schools. (This department order is similar to RA 7791 which increased the number of school days from 185 to 200 days.


DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION, CULTURE AND SPORTS (DECS) ORDER NO. 37 OF 1994
The Order required all grade VI elementary students to take the National Elementary Assessment Test (NEAT) that is given on the 13th Tuesday following the opening of the school year. The assessment test consists of a battery of tests of the multiple choice type. There are four subject areas: English, mathematics, science and heograpiya/kasaysayan/sibika (geography/history/civics).

DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION, CULTURE AND SPORTS (DECS) ORDER NO. 38 OF 1994
The Order required all senior high school students to take the National Secondary Assessment Test (NSAT) that is given on the 13th Friday following the opening of the school year, or three days after the NEAT has been given. The assessment test consists of a battery of tests and there are four subject areas: English and Filipino proficiencies, mathematics, vocational aptitude  and science & technology. (The test is not a requirement for college admission.)
REPUBLIC ACT NO. 7731
The Act abolished the National College Entrance Examinations or NCEE to give the marginalized students a greater chance to gain access to college education.


Legal Bases of Philippine Education
by:
Gregorio, Friend Hayzer S.
Ponteros, Jeneveb G.
Reyes, Aries Jay B.
Santo, Renz Erica T.
BSEd IV- Biological Sciences


Provisions of the 1987 Constitution
Section 1, Article XIV of the 1987 Constitution provides that the state shall protect and promote of all citizens to quality education at all levels and shall take appropriate steps to make such education accessible to all.
ACT NO. 74 OF 1901
Enacted into law by the Philippine Commission, the Act created the Department of Public Instruction, laid the foundations of the public school system in the Philippines, provided for the establishment of the Philippine Normal School in Manila and made English as the medium of instruction. (In 1949, the Philippine Normal School was made a teachers' college by virtue of RA 416  and, in 1991, it became a full-pledge university by virtue of RA 7168).

VOCATIONAL ACT OF1927
Also known as Act No. 3377, the Vocational Act as amended by other acts laid the foundations of vocational education in public schools and made provisions for its support.


REORGANIZATION ACT OF 1947
The Act placed public and private schools under the supervision and control of the Bureau of Public and Private Schools.

REPUBLIC ACT 5250 OF 1966
The Act provided the legal basis for the implementation of a ten-year teacher education program in special education
DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION, CULTURE AND SPORTS (DECS) ORDER NO. 25 OF 1974
Popularly known as the Bilingual Education Program of 1974, the Order required the use of English as medium of instruction for science and mathematics subjects and the use of Filipino as medium of instruction for all other subjects in the elementary and high school levels.

REPUBLIC ACT 6655 OF 1988
Popularly known as the Free Public Secondary Education Act of 1988, the Act created a system of free education in public high schools.

DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION, CULTURE AND SPORTS (DECS) ORDER NO. 49 OF 1992
This Order serves as the guideline for the selection of honor students in all public and private high schools. All these schools were required to choose one (1) "valedictorian"  and one (1) "salutatorian,"  and to set the limit of the number of "honorable mention" to one percent of the graduating students.
The "eligibility requirements" for becoming an honor student are the following: 1) No grade below 80 in any subject and no failing grade in any subject in the first two curriculum years;  2) Completed third and fourth year studies in the same secondary school;  3) Completed the high school curriculum within the prescribed year;  4) Active membership in two clubs during the third and fourth years in high school;  and 5) Conformed to school rules and policies.

REPUBLIC ACT NO. 7722
Also known as the Higher Education Act of 1994, the Act created the Commission on Higher Education (CHED) whose main task is to regulate and develop tertiary education in the Philippines

REPUBLIC ACT NO. 7796
Also known as the Technical Education and Skills Development Act (TESDA) of 1994, the Act's objective was to provide relevant and quality technical education that is accessible to all  and to create the agency that will manage technical education and skills development in the Philippines.

REPUBLIC ACT NO. 7836 OF 1994
Known as the Philippine Teachers Professionalization Act of 1994, the Act made it mandatory for people pursuing a career in teaching to take the licensure examinations that are administered and regulated by the Professional Regulatory Commission.

DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION (DEPED) ORDER NO. 34 OF 2001
The Order required all public elementary and high school students to read at least one book in the vernacular and one book in English per year before they can be promoted to the next higher level.
REPUBLIC ACT NO. 10533
AN ACT ENHANCING THE PHILIPPINE BASIC EDUCATION SYSTEM BY STRENGTHENING ITS CURRICULUM AND INCREASING THE NUMBER OF YEARS FOR BASIC EDUCATION, APPROPRIATING FUNDS THEREFOR AND FOR OTHER PURPOSES
REFERENCES:
http://alexmoises.tripod.com/mind-and-soul/id51.html
http://www.gov.ph/2013/09/04/irr-republic-act-no-10533/
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