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The "Cell" Network

The functions of a plant and animal cell.
by

Kennedy Ryden

on 2 October 2012

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Transcript of The "Cell" Network

By: Kennedy Ryden The "Cell" Network Animal Cell Plant Cell Cell Membrane Nucleus Nucleus Envelope Cell Wall Cytoplasm Chloroplasts Vesicles Central Vacuole Rough Endoplasmic Reticulum Smooth Endoplasmic Reticulum Ribosomes Lysosomes Golgi Apparatus Mitochondria Centrioles Animal Cell The cell is a network made up of many organelles that are only able to function by cooperating with the other organelles in the cell. Plant Cell The plant cell has a few differences from the animal cell in the way that the plant cell has a central vacuole, a cell wall, and chloroplasts and does not have centrioles. http://www.yellowtang.org/cells.php http://www.yellowtang.org/cells.php http://www.yellowtang.org/cells.php http://www.yellowtang.org/cells.php http://www.yellowtang.org/cells.php http://www.yellowtang.org/cells.php http://www.yellowtang.org/cells.php http://www.yellowtang.org/cells.php Cytoskeleton The Cytoskeleton is a support structure made up of proteins. http://torresbioclan.pbworks.com/w/page/22377235/Spikefish%20Cell%20Wall biology4kids.com organicpharmacy.org The cell membrane (plasma membrane) is a semi permeable membrane that holds all of the other organelles inside the cell. The Cell Wall is the major support structure in a plant cell. library.thinkquest.org The cytoplasm is a gel-like substance that suspends all of the organelles inside the cell. The cytoplasm contains nutrients required for the cell to survive. This organelle is composed of flat disc-shaped sacs that are involved in secretion. http://publications.nigms.nih.gov/insidethecell/images/ch2_ribosome_proteinbig.jpg The dense looking granules in a cell are the Ribosomes The smooth endoplasmic reticulum is associated with fat and protein production. The star-like pair of tubes that you can see by the nucleus is called the centrioles. This organelle has only been found in animal cells and is only seen in animal cells when cell division is about to occur. Chloroplasts are mainly tinted green and are the site of photosynthesis. Mitochondria convert chemical energy in sugars into energy for use in its rod-like structure. The formula of this process is:
C H O +6O =6CO +6H O + energy 6 12 6 2 2 2 biologycorner.com sun.menloschool.org The Central Vacuole maintains the turgor pressure in the cell. This organelle is a series of interconnected tubes that branch off from the nuclear envelope. Specific to the rough endoplasmic reticulum is the attachment of ribosomes and the association with protein synthesis. This organelle is also a series of interconnected tubes that branch off from the nuclear envelope. Lets take a closer look at the animal cell and the organelles that make it up. Diffusion occurs through the cell membrane as well as active transport through the proteins. Lysosomes are membrane bound organelles that are filled with enzymes with the role of breaking down and digesting worn out organelles and tissues. The lysosomes also defend against invading bacteria. marionkatiemaggie.blogspot.com eg; from Endoplasmic Reticulum to the Golgi. Vesicles are temporary transport organelles that deliver molecules around the cell. The vesicles transport proteins that are made in the Endoplasmic Reticulum, with the help of Ribosomes, and then mature in the Golgi. learn.genetics.utah.edu learn.genetics.utah.edu The Golgi receives substances from the Endoplasmic Reticulum by the vesicles and then repackages them for transport through out the cell. The Ribosomes might be attached to the Endoplasmic Reticulum or might be free in the Cytoplasm. Ribosomes are where amino acids are assembled into proteins by the process of protein synthesis. The Vesicles use this organelle as a "highway" This organelle surrounds the contents of the Nucleus and allows the transport of materials through the pores. "The Brain" is a common nickname given to the Nucleus. The Nucleus contains the DNA and directs all cellular activities Further into the Nucleus is the Nucleolus which is mainly involved in the assembly of Ribosomes. biologycorner.com Lets take a quick look at the organelles that are only present in a plant cell. This structure is made of cellulose and it is also semi-permeable. Photosynthesis is formulated by; 6H O + 6CO = C H O + 6O 2 2 6 12 6 2 (l) (g) (aq) (g) Chlorophyll+ Light This organelle is also a permanent storage place in the cell. Takes up at most 80% of the cell
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