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Chapter 18: The Muslim World Expands

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on 20 January 2014

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Transcript of Chapter 18: The Muslim World Expands

Chapter 18: The Muslim World Expands
Shah Jahan
Ruler after Jahangir, he built the Taj Mahal, a tomb for his wife. He was a great patron of the arts. People suffered under him because he raised taxes to pay for buildings.
Babur
founder of Mughal Empire
Nur Jahan
Wife of Jahangir-plotted with one son to overthrow the other.
Mughal
meaning "Mongols" one of the nomads who invaded the Indian subcontinent and established a powerful empire there.
Isma'il
-
14 year old leader, 1499 led an army to conquer Iran. Took Persian title of shah, or king, made new empire a state of Shi'a and destroyed Baghdad's Sunni population.
Safavids-
Member of a Shi'a Muslim group that built an empire in Persia-feared Sunni Muslims
devshirme-
policy of making people slaves.
ghazi
Warriors for Islam, raided lands where non-Muslims lived (nomadic Turks)
Mehmet II
Took power in 1451, took Constantinople in 1453 made it the capital and renamed it Istanbul

Osman
-
Most successful ghazi 1300-1326 he built a strong kingdom in Anatolia. Followers called Ottomans
Timur the Lame
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Warrior who did not comply with new Muslim rule in Ottoman kingdom. Conquered Russia and Persia, 1402 defeated Ottoman forces.
Suleiman The Lawgiver
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Suleiman I brought Ottoman Empire to its greatest height. Conquered parts of SE Europe, Entire Med. Sea, and took N. Africa as far as Tripoli
janissary-
Solider slaves, Christians taken as children and made slaves-fought fiercely for the sultan.
Shah Abbas-
Safavids reached height under him. Built a good army, got rid of corrupt officials and brought gifted artists to empire.
Akbar-
Babur's grandson whose name means "Great One" had a genius for cultural blending, military conquest and art. Ruled for 40 years.

Jahangir-
Akbar's son who was a weak ruler, real power rested with his wife Nur Jahan
Sikh-
nonviolent religious group that became enemy Mughals
Full transcript