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Chapter 18: The Muslim World Expands

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on 20 January 2014

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Transcript of Chapter 18: The Muslim World Expands

Chapter 18: The Muslim World Expands
Shah Jahan
Ruler after Jahangir, he built the Taj Mahal, a tomb for his wife. He was a great patron of the arts. People suffered under him because he raised taxes to pay for buildings.
founder of Mughal Empire
Nur Jahan
Wife of Jahangir-plotted with one son to overthrow the other.
meaning "Mongols" one of the nomads who invaded the Indian subcontinent and established a powerful empire there.
14 year old leader, 1499 led an army to conquer Iran. Took Persian title of shah, or king, made new empire a state of Shi'a and destroyed Baghdad's Sunni population.
Member of a Shi'a Muslim group that built an empire in Persia-feared Sunni Muslims
policy of making people slaves.
Warriors for Islam, raided lands where non-Muslims lived (nomadic Turks)
Mehmet II
Took power in 1451, took Constantinople in 1453 made it the capital and renamed it Istanbul

Most successful ghazi 1300-1326 he built a strong kingdom in Anatolia. Followers called Ottomans
Timur the Lame
Warrior who did not comply with new Muslim rule in Ottoman kingdom. Conquered Russia and Persia, 1402 defeated Ottoman forces.
Suleiman The Lawgiver
Suleiman I brought Ottoman Empire to its greatest height. Conquered parts of SE Europe, Entire Med. Sea, and took N. Africa as far as Tripoli
Solider slaves, Christians taken as children and made slaves-fought fiercely for the sultan.
Shah Abbas-
Safavids reached height under him. Built a good army, got rid of corrupt officials and brought gifted artists to empire.
Babur's grandson whose name means "Great One" had a genius for cultural blending, military conquest and art. Ruled for 40 years.

Akbar's son who was a weak ruler, real power rested with his wife Nur Jahan
nonviolent religious group that became enemy Mughals
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