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Stages in a Speaking Lesson
Transcript of Stages in a Speaking Lesson
The Practice Stage
At the practice stage it is the students' turn to do most of the talking, while your main task is to devise and provide the maximum amount of practice, which must at the same time be meaningful, authentic and memorable. This stage is also called the While (or Main) Activity or the Speaking Activity Stage.
The Presentation Stage
This is also known as the pre-activity phase of the lesson where the teacher introduces something new to be learned. At this stage of a speaking lesson, the teacher's main task is to serve as a kind of informant.
You know the language;
You select new material to be learned, and
You present this in such a way that the meaning of the new language is as clear and as memorable as possible.
The students listen and try to understand. Although they are probably saying very little at this stage, except when invited to join in, they are by no means passive. Always be on guard the danger of spending too much time presenting so much so that the students do not get enough time to practice the language themselves.
Mastery of target language;
To be communicatively competent in a speech community
Appreciation and awareness of language
At any level of attainment, the students need to be given regular and frequent opportunities to use language freely, even if they sometimes make mistakes as a result. This is not to say that mistakes are unimportant, but rather the free expression is more important, and it is great mistakes to deprive students of this opportunity.
It is through the opportunities to use language as they wish that the students become aware that they have learned something useful to them personally and are encouraged to go on learning. Thus in providing the students with activities for free expression and in discreetly watching over them as they carry them out, you, as teacher, take on the role of manager, guide, or adviser.
Stages in a Speaking Lesson
What is the role of the language teacher in the classroom? In first place, like any other teacher, the task of the language teacher is to create the best condition for learning. In a sense, the teacher is means to an end: an instrument to see that learning takes place. But in addition to this general function, a teacher plays specific roles in different stages of learning process.
Radically different from that at the presentation.
Do the minimum amount of talking yourself.
Skillful conductor of an orchestra, giving each of the performers a chance to participate and monitoring their performance to see that it is satisfactory.
Sample Lesson Plan in Speaking