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Copy of sex and gender
Transcript of Copy of sex and gender
Secondary sex characteristics
sexual organs present at birth and directly involved in human reproduction.
Female Primary Sex Characteristics
Vagina - the tube that leads from the outside of a female’s body to the opening of the womb.
Uterus - the womb in which the baby grows during pregnancy.
Ovaries- the female sexual glands
Ovaries produce Estrogen and Progesterone, female hormones.
are often referred to as "chemical messengers," hormones carry information and instructions from one group of cells to another.
controls growth of the uterine lining during the first part of the menstrual cycle, causes changes in the breasts during adolescence and pregnancy and regulates various other metabolic processes, including bone growth and cholesterol levels.
production increases after ovulation in the middle of a woman's cycle to prepare the lining to receive and nourish a fertilized egg so it can develop into a fetus. If fertilization does not occur, estrogen and progesterone levels drop sharply, the lining of the uterus breaks down and menstruation occurs.
If fertilization does occur, estrogen and progesterone work together to prevent additional ovulation during pregnancy.
Male Primary Sex Characteristics
Penis: male sex organ
Testes (testicles): the male sex glands that produce testosterone.
Scrotum: external sack that holds the testes
Prostate Gland: secretes mos of the liquid
that holds the male sex
causes the development of male characteristics such as growth of facial hair, deepening of the voice and the growth spurt that takes place during puberty.
is important in maintaining these secondary male characteristics throughout a man’s life.
From puberty onwards, testosterone provides the main stimulus for sperm production.
Secondary sex characteristics
Onset of the menstrual cycle - monthly shedding of the blood and tissue that line the uterus in preparation for pregnancy when conception does not occur
Mammary glands - glands within the breast tissue that produce milk when a woman gives birth to an infant.
Further growth and development of the uterus, vagina, and ovaries
Male Secondary Sex Characteristics
Enlarged larynx (Adam’s apple)
Facial and chest hair
Coarser skin texture
Large increase in height
sexual organs and traits that develop at puberty and are indirectly involved in human reproduction.
Hermaphroditism - the condition of possessing both male and female sexual organs.
Biological influences - hormones and chromosomes
Environmental influences - parenting, surroundings, and culture on the formation of gender identity.
Biology and Learning Influences on Gender
Stereotype - a concept held about a person or group of people that is based on superficial, irrelevant characteristics.
Physical differences between males and females
Gender- the psychological aspects of being male or female.
Gender roles - the culture’s expectations for masculine or feminine behavior, including attitudes, actions, and personality traits associated with being male or female in that culture.
Word that Describe
Gender identity - the individual’s sense of being male or female.
Gender typing - the process of acquiring gender role characteristics.
Benevolent sexism - acceptance of positive stereotypes of males and females that leads to unequal treatment.
Sexism - prejudice about males and/or females leading to unequal treatment. Also applies to gender
Gender stereotype - a concept held about a person or group of people that is based on being male or female.
Intersexed, intersexual - a person who possesses ambiguous sexual organs, making it difficult to determine actual sex from a visual inspection at birth.
Intersex - alternate term for hermaphroditism.
Gender identity or gender expression does not match the assigned sex.
Commonly refers to bisexuality, heterosexuality, and homosexuality. Involving an enduring pattern of romantic or sexual attraction
Asexuality is sometimes considered the fourth category=lack of sexual attraction to others
They desire a permanent transition to the gender they identify with. Oftentimes seeking medical assistance including hormone replacing therapy and other sex reassignment therapies.
Four Basic Kinds of Gender
Women: Passive and submissive
Men: Self confident and aggressive
Women: Caring for the children
Women: Nurses and secretaries
Men: Doctors and construction workers.
Women: small and graceful
Men: tall and broad shouldered