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Mental Health Stigma

Information on what stigma is, how stigma regarding mental health effects people, and ways to help reduce the stigma.
by

Hannah Davis

on 5 April 2016

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Transcript of Mental Health Stigma

Facts on Mental Health and Stigma
External
Types of Stigma

Myth
: Mental health problems are very rare.

Fact
: 1 in 4 people will experience a mental health problem in any given year.

Myth
: People with mental illness aren’t able to work.

Fact
: We probably all work with someone experiencing a mental health problem.

Myth
: Young people just go through ups and downs as part of puberty, it’s nothing.

Fact
: 1 in 10 young people will experience a mental health problem.

Myth
: People with mental health illnesses are usually violent and unpredictable.

Fact
: People with a mental illness are more likely to be a victim of violence.

Myth
: People with mental health problems don't experience discrimination.

Fact
: 9 out of 10 people with mental health problems experience stigma and discrimination.

Myth
: It’s easy for young people to talk to friends about their feelings.

Fact
: Nearly three in four young people fear the reactions of friends when they talk about their mental health problems.

What is
Stigma?
In regards to mental health, stigma
labels a person according to a
perceived or real illness and can
result in stereotypes.
Internal
Self stigma
--
A person's negative
beliefs or views
about themselves
that can be caused by
external messages.
Public stigma
--
Includes family, peers.
teachers, and the media's
view or beliefs they place
on the person with a mental
illness.



Hear From People
Who Experienced
Stigma
*Taken from website
Effects of Stigma
Ways to Reduce Stigma
Emotionally it can cause feelings of:
Shame
Hopelessness
Distress
Anxiety
Depression

Behaviorally:
Reduce likelihood of seeking and receiving help
Create a "why try" attitude
Lead to isolation and exclusion


Mental Health
And Stigma
Lack of support
Of the 450 million people worldwide
who suffer from mental health
conditions, the majority (60 percent)
do not receive any form of care.

90 percent of people in developing
countries receive no form of care.
And to top it off it can
result in negative
impacts on physical
health!
According to the World Health Organization:
Institutional stigma
--
Practices and policies
created by organizations
that create or enable stigma.
Stigma toward adolescents
46% of adolescents with mental health
concerns experienced the following from
family:
Unwarranted assumptions (ex; being manipulative)
Distrust
Avoidance
Pity
Gossip

62% of adolescents with mental health
concerns experienced the following from peers:
Social rejection
Loss of friendships

35% of adolescents with mental health
concerns experienced the following from teachers and school staff:
Fear
Dislike
Under-estimation of abilities
Avoidance

*Study by Moses in 2010
3 out of 4 people with a mental
illness experience stigma
How to Make Change
Do
:
Offer companionship,
emotional strength,
reassurance, and acceptance.
Support people with
mental health problems.
Develop resources in the community.

Don't
:
Label people by their
illness.

Say "She has bipolar
disorder"
instead of "She's bipolar".
The National Alliance on Mental Illness encourages people to:

"Promote acceptance and actively challenge social stereotypes. Through powerful words and actions, we will shift the social and systemic barriers for those living with mental health conditions and encourage acceptance and understanding."
Encourage Change
May is Mental Health Month:

This is a chance to counteract stigma
by focusing on the strengths, resilience,
support, and recovery of those with
a mental illness. When celebrating
mental health month, attempt to get
accurate information into the public
through media channels and correct
inaccurate or negative depictions.
Knowledge is power:

People from all lifestyles and backgrounds
can have stigma toward those with mental health
issues. Learning about and interacting with people
with mental health issues can help reduce stigma
by challenging misinformed beliefs when a person
does not fit a preconceived expectation.
#StrongerThanStigma
Wayne Brady, Ben Scrivens, Brandon Marshall, and Michael Angelakos started a campaign to help men reach out for help around mental health and to reduce stigma.
Messages From
#StrongerThanStigma:
"Research shows that men can positively influence each other through group discussions about health. Additionally, studies have found that men are less likely to report pain when they are in front of a female clinician, which points to the possibility that men may be more honest about their condition with other men."
See more at
http://bringchange2mind.org/programs/psas/
Full transcript