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European Union Institutions EU

Lecture about European Union institutions (European Council, Council of the European Union, European Parliament, European Commission, Court of Justice, Court of Auditors, European Central Bank). Difference with Council of Europe. Other organizations.

Karin Gaudet-Asmus

on 14 October 2014

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Transcript of European Union Institutions EU

Institutions of the European Union Today's lecture 7 Institutions European Council European Council broad political priorities and major initiatives summit of EU leaders about 4 meetings a year, Brussels permanent president: - 2012-2014: Herman Van Rompuy - 2009-2012: Herman Van Rompuy - before 2009: unofficial & rotating history, decision making & people present Council of the European Union European Council Council of the EU Council of Europe Council of the EU Ministers of MS's, depending on topic Chair depends on rotating presidency except for foreign Minister's meeting = High Representative for foreign and security policy IRELAND holds the presidency from January - June 2013! Tasks: - passing EU laws with EP - signing international agreements -foreign & defence policy - justice Voting European Parliament Tasks: - Passing EU laws - Scrutinising institutions - Budget Brussels & Strasbourg population proportional European Parliament European Commission Court of Justice Court of Auditors European Central Bank European Commission Court of Justice of the EU Court of Auditors European Central Bank Other institutions Commissioners; tasks divided over DGs President Tasks: - Enforce EU law - Evaluate application - Non-legislative acts - Propose legislation Day-to-day work: administrators, lawyers, economists, translators, interpreters, secretarial staff, etc. MEPs grouped by affiliation Week 2 One judge per MS 8 advocates-general: opinion before decision Consists of 3 different courts: - Civil Service Tribunal - Court of Justice - General Court (EGC) (formerly known as CFI) direct actions brought by natural or legal persons against European Union
actions brought by the Member States against the Commission;
actions brought by the Member States against the Council relating to acts adopted in the field of State aid, ‘dumping' and acts by which it exercises implementing powers;
actions seeking compensation for damage caused by the institutions of the European Union or their staff; actions based on contracts made by the European Union which expressly give jurisdiction to the General Court;
actions relating to Community trade marks;
appeals, limited to points of law, against the decisions of the European Union Civil Service Tribunal;
actions brought against decisions of the Community Plant Variety Office or of the European Chemicals Agency. Jurisdiction General Court The Court has jurisdiction over disputes in first instance between the European Union and its servants pursuant to Article 270 TFEU, regarding working relations in the strict sense (pay, career progress, recruitment, disciplinary measures etc.) and social security system issues (sickness, old age, invalidity, accidents at work, family allowances etc.). Jurisdiction Civil Service Tribunal If a national court is in doubt about the interpretation or validity of an EU law, it may – and sometimes must – ask the Court of Justice for advice, a ‘preliminary ruling’.
Jurisdiction Court of Justice The Treaty requires Parliament, the Council and the Commission to make certain decisions under certain circumstances. If they fail to do so, member states, other Community institutions and (under certain conditions) individuals or companies can lodge a complaint with the Court so as to have this failure to act officially recorded.
Preliminary rulings: If any private individual, EU country, the Council, the Commission or (under certain conditions) Parliament believes that a particular EU law is illegal, it may ask the Court to annul it. Actions for annulment The Commission can start these proceedings if it believes that a member state is failing to fulfill its obligations under EU law. These proceedings may also be started by another EU country. If the Court finds that the country has not followed its ruling, it can issue a fine. Proceedings for failure to fulfill an obligation Actions for failure to act Direct actions Any person or company who has suffered damage as a result of the action or inaction of the Community or its staff can bring an action seeking compensation before the General Court. Check handling EU funds inspects institutions, MSs and countries receiving EU aid
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