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Digital Storytelling

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Martin Barthel

on 2 November 2016

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Transcript of Digital Storytelling

A short Introduction
Digital Storytelling
What is Digital Storytelling?
"Digital Storytelling is a combination of text, voice, narration, images, sound effects, music and graphics to create a fictional or non-fictional multimedia narration."
What is Digital Storytelling?
"Digital Storytelling is the
modern expression of ancient art of storytelling
. Throughout history storytelling has been used
to share knowledge, wisdom and values.
Stories have taken many forms.
Stories have been adapted to each successive medium
that has emerged,
from the circle of the campfire, to the silver screen, and the computer screen.
(Leslie Rule)
Elements of a good Digital Story

1. Live inside your story
2. Unfold lessons learned
3. Develop Creative tension
4. Economize the story told
5. Show, Don't Tell
6. Develop Craftsmanship
Hellen C. Barrett, 2005
Why we need Digital Storytelling in trainings?
Digital Storytelling by students provides a strong foundation in many different types of literacy, such as information literacy, visual literacy, technology literacy, and media literacy.
Brown, Bryan and Brown (2005) “Twenty-first Century Literacy,” which they describe as the combination of:
Digital Literacy

the ability to communicate with an ever-expanding community to
discuss issues, gather information, and seek help;
Global Literacy
the capacity to read, interpret, respond, and contextualize messages
from a global perspective
Technology Literacy
the ability to use computers and other technology to improve learning, productivity, and performance;
Visual Literacy
the ability to understand, produce
and communicate through visual
Information Literacy
the ability to find, evaluate and synthesize information.
1. Brainstorm topics
2. Gather assets
3. Modify assets
4. Explore storytelling techniques
5. Build storyboard
6. Assemble assets
7. Apply effects and transitions
8. Export rough cut and get feedback
9. revise and polish
10. export and share
The process of DS with Video
Story first, pictures, sounds second?

Pictures, sounds first, story second?
Planning Strategy

Brainstorming for idea
What is your rhetoric?
What type of story do you want to tell?
Suggestions for educators:
- why you chose your profession or hobbies- memories of learning things (how to use a computer, how to read or write, learning how to be a good student)- an incident on something important you learned in school- an event that changed your attitude about something
Narrative development

Keep it simple!

Three act structure: set up, conflict, resolution
1. set up - characters / problem / situation is introduced
2. conflict - inciting incident sets things into motion
3. resolution - problem overflows, character confrontation, leads to climax / ending

*Japanese: Jo-h-kyu - "beginning, break, rapid" - all efforts and actions should begin
slowly, speed up and then end swiftly.

The 36 Dramatic Situations: created by Georges Polti. Examine archetypes and
experiment with the form.
Narrative Development
Keep it simple!
Follow the three step structure!
1. set up - characters / problem / situation is introduced
2. conflict - inciting incident sets things into motion
3. resolution -
problem overflows, character confrontation, leads to climax / ending
The Seven Elements of Digital Storytelling
1. Point of View – what is the perspective of the author?
2. A Dramatic Question – a question that will be answered by the end of the story.
3. Emotional Content – serious issues that speak to us in a personal and powerful way.
4. The Gift of your Voice – a way to personalize the story to help the audience understand the context.
5. The Power of the Soundtrack – music or other sounds that support the storyline.
6. Economy – simply put, using just enough content to tell the story without overloading the viewer with too much information.
7. Pacing – related to Economy, but specifically deals with how slowly or quickly the story progresses.
A personal narrative

Examine Historical Events

Stories that inform or instruct
non-fictional stories
2 Minutes not more!
1st: establish characters and location.
2nd: create a situation with possibilities of what might happen.
3rd: involve the characters in the situation.
4th: build to probable outcomes
5th: have a logical, but surprising, end.
Establish a storyboard
CRN Golden Tips
1. Shots no longer than 30 sec
2. Use the camera/mobile horizontal - don´t have a vertical syndrom
3. Use transitions to move the story
4. One shot left to right, next one right to left
5.. Introduce dynamics - if the objekt is moving, keept the camera still, if the object is still keep the camera moving
6. _Use fast and slow options to adapt the movie
7. Use the power of soundtrack
8. Be creative in your shots and use what you have
9. Don´t be afraid of buttons

Audio Storytelling
Audio storytelling lets you focus on a person’s voice. In many ways, it’s a more intimate form of storytelling than using video. People are often more comfortable speaking into a microphone than they are looking into a camera.

It’s also easier to edit audio than it is to edit video. If you want to create a visual story, you can combine your audio track with still photos to create an audio slideshow.
Audio Storytelling
Step 1: Recording
- eliminate background noice
-use a microphone or move your device close
- Think about the sounds, other than speech:
Traffic, a slamming door, the jingle of a dog’s
color – be creative.
Step 2: Edit the clip
- follow the digital storytelling technique
Step 3: Share
Full transcript