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The US Constitution

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Salvador Jimenez

on 13 September 2016

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Transcript of The US Constitution

The US Constitution
HISTORICAL BACKGROUND
Signed September 17, 1787 in Philadelphia
Wrote by James Madison
Also known as the "Constitutional Convention"
It was ratified by 9 states, in 1788
39 men signed it
Original intent was to revise the articles
HISTORICAL BACKGROUND
The US Constitution lasted from May 25,1787- September 17, 1787
Rhode Island was the only state that refused to send delegates to the US Constitution also the last state to ratify the Constitution in may 29, 1790
HOW THE CONSTITUTION SET-UP THE GOVERNMENT
Established fundamental laws and guaranteed certain basic rights for its citizens
1787 the US Constitution delegates devised for a stronger federal government
A system of checks and balances was created to ensure branches would have too much power
THREE BRANCHES OF GOVERNMENT
Legislative Branch
-makes the national laws and consists of the congress
-House of Representatives
Executive branch
-headed by the president
Judicial branch
-which administers justice by interpreting the Constitution and laws
-other federal courts
FEDERALIST
Supporters of the Constitution
Also known as nationalist
they were aware of the weakness of the central government created by the Articles of Confederation
Developed a new political philosophy ( they saw their most import role as defending the social gains of the revolution)
By:Valeria Patron
Salvador Jimenez

ANTI FEDERALIST
Opposed ratification of the constitution
Wanted a weak federal government that would not threaten state rights
Wanted a Bill of Rights to declare and protect the rights of the people
Feared that a strong executive might become a king or tyrant
COMPROMISES MADE AT THE CONSTITUTIONAL CONVENTION
Southern States:
Wanted slaves counted as population to determine representation
Opposed counting slaves to for the purpose of determining taxation
Northern States:
Opposed counting slaves as population to determine representation
Favored counting slaves for the propose of determining taxation
3/5 COMPROMISE
Slavery was also a major problem
For every five slaves a state had three counted for representation and taxation
new slaves were not to be imported after 1808
CONSTITUTION TODAY
Significant changes:
Bill of Rights (1st through the 10th amendment)
-protects our natural rights
No slavery (13th amendment)
-everyone is equal
Extended federal power (14th amendment)
CONSTITUTION TODAY (CON.)
Expanding voting rights (15th, 19th, 24th, 26th amendment)
-people are able to make a difference
Direct election of senators (17th amendment)
-for the people, by the people
Terms limits on president (22nd amendment)
-no dictators
Full transcript