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Roman Public Libraries

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Sofia Bostock

on 15 September 2015

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Transcript of Roman Public Libraries

Where was the first public library in Rome created?
Public Libraries in Rome
Application
Roman Public Libraries were used for reading, sitting quietly, lectures, presentations and more. The libraries in Ancient Rome had many tables and chairs for people, with over 20,000 books on the book shelves.
Design
The Celsus Library had double walls behind the bookcases to keep the books protected from the temperature and humidity.
By Sofia Bostock

Roman Public Libraries
Referencing
A Brief History of Roman Libraries (no date) Available at:
http://www.roman-empire.net/articles/article-005.html
(Accessed: 6 September 2015).

Ancient Roman Libraries (no date) Available at:
http://www.crystalinks.com/romelibrary.html
(Accessed: 7 September 2015).

Celsus Library, Ephesus Turkey (no date) Available at:
http://www.ephesus.us/ephesus/celsuslibrary.htm
(Accessed: 4 September 2015).

The Library of Celsus Ephesus (no date) Available at:
http://www.ephesus.ws/the-library-of-celsus-ephesus.html
(Accessed: 1 September 2015).
Citations, Quotes & Annotations
A Brief History of Roman Libraries (no date) Available at:
http://www.roman-empire.net/articles/article-005.html
(Accessed: 6 September 2015).

Istituzione Biblioteca Malatestiana [CERL] (no date) Available at:
http://www.cerl.org/resources/links_to_other_resources/istituzione_biblioteca_malatestiana
(Accessed: 7 September 2015).

Celsus Library, Ephesus Turkey (no date) Available at:
http://www.ephesus.us/ephesus/celsuslibrary.htm
(Accessed: 4 September 2015).

Virtual Pictureframes - Acanthus Frieze - Roman Architecture- Ephesus Library (no date) Available at:
http://www.orientalist-art.org/virtual-pictureframes/ephesus-library.html
(Accessed: 7 September 2015).

(Virtual Pictureframes - Acanthus Frieze - Roman Architecture- Ephesus Library, no date)
(no date) Available at:
http://www.unesco.org/new/fileadmin/MULTIMEDIA/HQ/CI/CI/pdf/mow/nomination_forms/

italy_malatesta_novello_library.pdf
(Accessed: 7 September 2015).
(no date)

Matteo Medri (2010) Malatestian Library part 1. Available at: (Accessed: 9 September 2015).
(Matteo Medri, 2010)
Matteo Medri (2010) Malatestian Library part 2. Available at: (Accessed: 9 September 2015).
(Matteo Medri, 2010)
Why/When was the Library of Celsus created?
It was created as an honor
for Tiberius Julius Celsus
Polemaeanus, the governor of the province of Asia; from his son Galius Julius Aquila. It was built in 135 A.D andwas designed by

It was built in Ephesus, Anatolia
which is now a part of Selçuk,
Turkey.
Celsus Library
Purpose
The Libraries in ancient Rome had the purpose of storing books also known as codices. The libraries also held a large group of people who were willing to sit in and read.
Libraries also had the purpose of a quiet areas for people who were reading/ working quietly with little noise.

The columns that surrounded the two-story building were not fluted. With Corinthian style columns on the ground floor and three main entrances. When building the library they used an optical trick with the placement of the columns.
Top view of Roman Columns around Library (Not fluted)
Part of the Library
Bound Books
The Malatesta Novello Library was the last date ancient library before the invention of printing. After being opened in 1447 - 1452, its books are still intact after over 550 years.




Public Libraries in the 15th century
The Malatesta Novello Library
The Malatesta Novello Library Video Part 1



Part 2
When was the first
European Library created?
How have the Public Libraries Changed today?
Then
Large rooms with long tables for reading
Statues and columns for decoration
Over 20,000 books chained to the tables
Now
Smaller open areas and tables and chairs all around the library
Posters and Books on display for decoration
An Electronic Borrowing System
Libraries Today
Libraries from Past times
Did you Know?
The Malatesta Library, holds over 400,000 books
It is the only completely preserved 15th Century Library
Continuity
From the Ancient Roman Celsus Library to Today's Local Public Library, most things have changed and other things have continued to stay the same.

From the 2nd Century all the way to the 21st Century Today. All of the Public Libraries still stock books or reading/ writing materials of some sort. All Libraries today have have an area specifically for reading or writing.
2nd Century Ancient Rome
15th Century Ancient Italy
21st Century London
Image retrieved from:

http://www.orientalist-art.org/virtual-pictureframes/ephesus-library.html
Image retrieved from:
http://www.orientalist-art.org/virtual-pictureframes/ephesus-library.html
Image retrieved from:
http://www.orientalist-art.org/virtual-pictureframes/ephesus-library.html
Image retrieved from:
http://www.history.com/news/history-lists/10-innovations-that-built-ancient-rome
Bound Book
Image retrieved from:
https://roadtrippers.com/stories/harvard-discovers-three-of-its-library-books-are-bound-in-human-flesh?lat=40.80972&lng=-96.67528&z=5
Images retrieved from:
https://nextcity.org/daily/entry/11-of-the-strangest-public-libraries-in-the-world

http://www.theguardian.com/books/2010/oct/22/public-lending-right-payments-cut
Thank You For Watching!
Images retrieved from:
https://bfox.files.wordpress.com/2011/03/biblioteca_malatestiana_humanistic_conventual_library_photo_01.jpg

http://www.telegraph.co.uk/content/dam/books/2015-07/Spectacular-libraries/Malatesta-large.jpg
Change
The Designs of Public Libraries have changed thoroughly from columns holding up the walls to no columns holding up the frame of the building.
Retrieved from:
http://www.gutenberg.org/files/19415/19415-h/images/img42.jpg
Retrieved from:
http://eduscapes.com/history/ancient/romanshelf.jpg
Retrieved from:
https://theprettybooks.wordpress.com/2013/03/30/a-tour-of-london-bookshops-daunt-books-marylebone/
15th Century
Columns
Columns
2nd Century
Retrieved from:
http://www.rdeelectrical.com.au/userfiles/image/galleries/helensvale-library-and-community-cultural-youth-centre/Helensvale%20library%20open%20006.JPG
Today (21st Century)


Retrieved from:
http://ephesusbreeze.com/photos/ephesus-celsus- library
Retrieved from:
http://tinyurl.com/py6fzgw
Then
Now
Roman reading rooms
Quiet Sitting Areas
Books chained to the tables
Membership cards and systems
Books available as codex or bound
Available on all platforms such as a mobile phones, iPads or Kindles and Laptops
Columns holding up the Library building
Frames holding up the structure
Design Change
2nd Century ancient Roman entry
Retrieved from:
http://www.filfranck.com/Shore_Excursions/shore_excursion_izmir_10.jpg

15th Century Library entry in Italy
Retrieved from:
http://historyofinformation.com/images/biblioteca_malatestiana.JPG

http://www.pottsvillelibrary.org/
Retrieved from:
21st Century Library in the US entry
Full transcript