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All About Quinzee's

PAD200 Mr.Gain

Emily M

on 18 February 2013

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Transcript of All About Quinzee's

It is fairly similar to an igloo as a finished product but vastly different when it comes to how you actually build it and its intended purpose. There are many different shelters that you can create such as a... Although it is one of the most safe snow shelters there is to build, there are still certain risks. All About Quinzee's By: Emily Meddick The Quinzee in Comparison to Other Snow Shelters What is a Quinzee? How to Build a
Quinzee Dangers of the Quinzee Step By Step #1. Make sure that you have all of the required materials and environmental conditions -Deep and plentiful snow (preferably packing snow)

-A wide mouth plastic snow shovel

-A variety of smaller shovels

-Lots of 50cm sticks

-Also having extra people to help you out is always a good thing #2. Find a Good Place for Your Quinzee Fortunately you don't need to be super particular about your quinzee's placement but a dry, sheltered, and flat area would be ideal, especially if you plan on sleeping in it. Also be sure to test the
wind direction in the area
you choose and then place
the entrance of your
quinzee away from the
wind to avoid drafts. #3. Clear out the Approximate Area of Your Quinzee Simply shovel all the snow out of the area you plan to build on. Then put all of that snow back on. This will ensure that you have a strong and sturdy
base In a nut shell it is a hollowed out pile of settled snow meant as a temporary shelter. History of the Quinzee The quinzee is thought to have Canadian origin due to the fact that the word is Athabascan which is a language used across Canada's sub-artic and northern prairie regions. In ancient times the aboriginals living in the north would use them as a temporary shelter from the cold. Present Day Quinzee's Today quinzee's can still be a very effective way of providing yourself with temporary shelter during the winter. The skill of building a quinzee may even one day manage to save your life. Just as an example; if you car breaks down on the side of a deserted road during the winter and there is no cell phone reception, it is likely that you
will require a warm shelter
for the night. Most of the time though today
it has more of a recreational use as
a way of camping or even in an outdoor education class. IMPORTANT TIP If you are planning on sleeping in your quinzee do not put it on a frozen lake! The reason for this is because the ice underneath you quinzee will be more likely to draw heat away
from your body. # 4. Build Your Mound Before you break out the shovels take time to measure size by laying all your group members on the ground leaving 31cm around, in order to ensure that everyone will fit inside. Now simply begin shoveling snow on top while packing it down, filling out your circle until
you have reached your desired
height. IMPORTANT TIP In the case of your quinzee less is more! For an over-night trip a smaller quinzee will be much warmer since there is less room for the heat to disperse itself into. This diagram shows a very simple side-view representation of the quinzee you will be building. Filled with snow to keep wind out The Entrance
The Tunnel Dipped to prevent wind Sleeping Area Elevated to prevent heat loss Walls Each about 31 cm thick Air Hole Pretty important feature #6. Sintering Now that you have a giant heap of unstable snow you must give it time to "sinter." This should take about 1-3 hours. For those who don't know, "sintering" is the process of the snow becoming more solid over a period of time. WARNING! To not get impatient and begin digging prematurely! This can cause the quinzee to collapse! #5. Place Your Sticks This is an important but often overlooked step. You must collect a few dozen sticks and place them generously into the outside of the quinzee. Make sure that they about 31cm
into the snow. When you get to
the stage of
digging, these
will be your
guide so that
you don't dig
your walls
too thin. #7. Digging! Finally... If you choose to do
so, you can also place
snow where your entrance
will be to create a tunnel This will help to keep wind out. Begin by either digging out your tunnel or your normal entrance, while keeping it as small as possible.
Then proceed to dig into your main area
Remember to leave a raised area in the middle and to use the sticks as markers of how thick your walls are! #8. Add Your Finishing Touches Air holes: Make small holes so that some air can pass through. Shelves: Make some grooves into the walls so that your belongings can be put away. A combination of these can even allow you to have candles in your quinzee! About 2cm in diameter Air Hole Now Your Done! You can now go crawl inside and enjoy the profit of all your hard work! This is about what your quinzee should look like in the end. Snow cave
Snow Trench
Bergashrund Each of these can be ideal depending on the situation The quinzee is very unique
though. It gives the most protection from the elements for its building time, is one of the more safest, and most versatile structures. It is also one of the easiest shelters to make.
It generally does not require very special conditions and can be built almost anywhere Collapse! Ways to avoid a collapse are... Make sure weather conditions are cold enough
Follow all building strategies and tips
Make sure walls are at least 31cm thick
Make sure snow is left to sinter long enough
Don't let anyone climb on top of it Lack of Air! Although it is important to
have as little of a draft as possible in order to conserve heat, you do need some air coming in.
That is why air holes are very important or else you risk suffocation, especially if you have candles in the quinzee. Thank You For Watching! It should look something like this! Overall the quinzee is a fun way to spend a night in the outdoors and a vital survival skill. The knowledge of how to build it would be valuble to anyone who spends time in an area with a lot of snow.
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