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19th and 20th century social and political reforms and their
Transcript of 19th and 20th century social and political reforms and their
19th and 20th reforms in Europe
19th and 20th century movements in Africa
The Meiji Reforms- Was during the reign of emperor Mutsuhito. The Meiji reformers set out to have a more modern government based on Western style governments. Some reforms involved education, military, the constitution,and new land tax.
19th and 20th Century reforms in Asia
Mani Gmelin, K.C. Bomonti, Ara White
The Women's Rights Movement- started in the 1830's during the beginning of the Enlightenment. The Woman’s social and political union was founded in 1903 by Emmeline Pankhurst and her daughters.
The Indian Resistance to the British Crown-First indian nationalist were upper class and English educated. In 1885, a small group of indians and formed the Indian National Congress (INC).Gandhi became active in the reform movement without violence and eventually it lead to India's independence.
The Poor Law- The Poor Law Amendment Act was passed in 1834. Inmates had to do hard labor and nicknamed the work camps "bastilles" after the infamous prison in Paris. Many times families were separated.
Reforms in Egypt- Muhammad Ali helped Egypt gain independence from the Ottoman Empire. He was the leader of several social and economic reforms in Egypt including the modernizing the military and setting up a public school system.
Universal Male Suffrage- When the Second Republic was formed in France it gave the right to vote to all men in France. The new legislation and president were chosen by universal male suffrage.
19th and 20th Century Reforms in Europe
19th and 20th Century Reforms In Asia
The Xinhai Revolution In China- Was lead by Sun Yat-Sen who was also the leader of the nationalist party. The revolution was brought on by the Qing Dynasties corruption and civil unrest.There were 3 stages to Sun Yat-Sen's reforms.
The Opium War In China- Britain started to trade opium instead of silver for goods. The Chinese government set up a blockade resulting in the British government invading china. china lost the opium war resulting in the Treaty of Nanjing.
The Realism Movement- The social movement in literary and visual arts. Some of the most famous realist are Charles Dickens and Gustave Courbet.
The Boer War- Cecil Rhodes started the Boer war. The Boer war went on from 1899 to 1902. Britain won the war even after fierce resistance from the Boers.
Examples of Realism
Picture of women protesting for women's rights
A painting of the Indian resistance
A Painting of the Blockade during the Opium War
A portrait of Muhammad Ali
By: Ara White
and Mani Gmelin
Period 2-Topic 5