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The Soviet Union Under Stalin

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by

Neil Phillips

on 10 March 2014

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Transcript of The Soviet Union Under Stalin

The Soviet Union Under Stalin
A Totalitarian State
Methods Of Control
By Aanchal Thakur
Daily Life
By Shinah Song
Stalin, was the leader of The Soviet Union from 1924 ( After the Death Of Lenin) to 1953, the year of his death.
Before becoming the leader of The Soviet Union, he was General Secretary of the Central Commitee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union.
He was an essential part of the troika, (Him, Leon Trotsky, and Vladimir Lenin.)
Who is Stalin? A little background.
The Five Year Plan
The Five-year plan was a government plan by Stalin that would take control of the Soviet Union’s economy.
In 1928 Stalin proposed to improve transportation, industry, and farms in the Soviet Union.
Allowed the govt. to take over the whole economy of the Soviet Union,(government owned all businesses and would distribute all resources to the civilians).
Created a
command economy
in which the government took all of the economic decisions.
The Result
The Positives and The Negatives
The Soviet industry increased amazingly.
The production of steel and brown coal was a huge success.
Mines expanded and railroads were created.
Even though this was a huge success in some places, in others the central planning was inefficient causing shortages, and in other places causing surpluses.
Forced Collectivization in Agriculture.
Also had control over the agriculture.
Stalin made farmers produce more grain for the workers in the cities..
Wanted farmers to work in lands that were owned by the state, or in
collectives,
which were huge farms owned by a group of farmers, they had to work together.
Gave tractors, better seeds, and fertilizers to the collectives around the Soviet Union,
In return the farmers had to give all of their production to the govt. to feed the workers in the cities.
Rebellion
Farmers were furious because they couldn’t keep what they produced.
Some farmers didn’t want to give up land and follow the govt. law = destroyed tools, killed animals, and burned crops.
Known as
Kulaks.

Stalin decided to send these Kulaks to labor camps.
Increased the industry of the Soviet Union, but failed to increase the production of vegetables, grains, and fruits in the farms.
This failure = they didn’t have the resources to feed all of the civilians.
Terror
Stalin appointed a secret police to plant listening devices in private homes or public places without the owner's consent or even sometimes knowledge.
Free Press did not exist and any modus to protest and revolt was banned and highly dangerous.
Everything that appeared in the papers had to be officially approved.
Those who disagreed were sent to the
Gulags.
* A harsh system of labour camps, that often caused the death of most that went.
The Great Purge
Initiated by Stalin in 1934 because of doubts about the rival parties plans against him.
Started with eliminating revolution day activists and retired bolsheviks, with the help of the secret police.
Targeted high class, even normal citizens.
Often got previous communist leaders to confess after torturing them or their families.
Increased Stalin's power, also rid the Soviet Union of some of it's most important people.
Made himself appear as a godlike figure.
Used the means of radios and loudspeakers in public places.
Urged more hard work through billboards and posters.
Propoganda
Censorship and The Arts
Music, what works of art were displayed, and the publishing of books were all under govt. control.
Wanted the Artists to display pieces of art featuring
Social Realism
.
Refusal of conforming to Stalin resulted in government persecution.
* Shows soviet Life in a positive light and to promote hope in the communist future.
Russification
Stalin opted to use the method of
russification
to make the culture more Russian.
Appointed Russians to high positions on non-russian SSR's.
Required the Russian Language to be used in Schools and Business.
War On Religion
Focused on destroying other people's religious faiths.
The ideas of Marx,
Atheism
, became the state policy.
Mainly target the Russian Orthodox church.
Had its own "sacred" texts
Replaced with pictures of Stalin in their homes.
Millions of Soviets still continued to practice their religion in private.
* The belief that there is no God.
New Elite in Control
Created a society where a few elite groups emerged as a new ruling class.
Only a small fraction of Soviet citizens could join the party.
The soviet elite enjoyed benefits denied to most people, lived in the best apartments in the cities and rested in the best vacation homes in the country.
Free Services, such as Schools and Day-cares
The party required all children to attend free Communist-built schools
Promoted programs for students out of school like cultural activities and sports.
Train children for part membership.
Helped the state to get soldiers or to train children the communist state
State provided from medical care and day care of children
Low Standard Of living.
In the past, the poor people of Russia could not have expected qualified medical help in times of illness but the health care became very good and expanded in industry.
Women Gain Equal Rights under Communism.
Women won equality under the communists, men and women earned the same low salaries.
They were working in medicine, engineering and the sciences.
It is the women who contributed to Soviet economic growth.
Daily Life
By Vincent Dyen
Stalin, the new God.
Gulags
Collectives
Kulaks
The Soviet Foreign Policy
In 1919, Lenin formed the Communist International, or the
Comintern
.
To urge worldwide revolution and to help people stand up against imperialist powers.
Countries like the U.S and Britain found out about this and a distrust formed between them and the Soviet Union.
The Soviet Union gained recognition from the western powers and increased trade.
*Making the culture more russian
How did Stalin take control of the Soviet Union's Economic Life?
Stalin emposed the five year plan, which allowed him to take over part of the economy and businesses of the soviet union. and then he finally took complete control over the businesses.
He made the people work the way he wanted them too, he forced people to work his way.
In what ways did Stalin's terror tactics harm the soviet Union?
They resulted the death of over 4 million people living in the Soviet Union.
Among the ones purged,were some of the brightest minds of the Soviet Union.
How did Stalin use Censorship and Propoganda to support his rule?
Stalin built a fake appearance about himself to make the people worship him.
He used technology to boast about himself and the good qualities of communism.
Used newspaper and billboards.
He banned the works or ideas of other people unlike him to get through to them
How did Communist schools benefit the state and the party?
The communist schools supported the children by giving them a free education to build an educated workforce.
The children later grew up with communist values and with the love of Stalin which helped the party.
How did the Soviet Unions policy goals contradict one another?
The Soviet Union pursued two very different goals in foreign policy. As communists, both Lenin and Stalin wanted to bring about the worldwide revolution.
But Soviets wanted to guarantee their nation's security. These two different goals was a contradictory and generally unsuccessful foreign policy.
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