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Comparison of Mahatma Gandhi and Martin Luther King Jr.

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Ellis Chapman

on 5 December 2013

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Transcript of Comparison of Mahatma Gandhi and Martin Luther King Jr.

Comparison of Mahatma Gandhi and Martin Luther King Jr.
Who was Mahatma Gandhi?
Who was Martin Luther King Jr.
British Imperial tyranny
Civil rights movement
Similarities to peaceful resistance
Differences in resistance beliefs
Gandhi's goal's vs. King's goal's
Who were Mahatma Gandhi and Martin Luther King Jr.? What were their belief's and disbelief's? How did Gandhi's resistance base King's and how did that differ?
Ghandi's Early Life
Mohandas (later Mahatma) Karamchand Gandhi was born Oct.
His father (Karamchand) was chief minister of a region of British India.
His mother (Putlibai) was a housewife.
Born to a Hindu family
Gandhi was well versed in multiple sacred texts such as the Bhagavad Gita, Qur'an, the Bible and Torah.
Early Marriage
Married at an early age of 13.
Wife's name was Kasturba Makhanji who was 14 at the time.
Lost first child.
Had four more children who were all boys.
By: Ellis L. Chapman Jr.
Married at an early age of 13.
Wife's name was Kasturba Makhanji who was 14 at the time.
Lost first child.
Had four more children who were all boys.
Gandhi's married life
Dr. King Early life
Born January, 1929, King was born in Atlanta to Alberta Williams and Martin Luther King Sr.
Very christian household.
Middle child of three.
Went from the 8th grade straight to college and recieved his Ph. D in theology at Boston University
While at Boston...
King attended Boston University and received his Ph. D and strongly studied Gandhi's non-violent protests.
King's disseration was on A comparison of the conception of God in the thinking of Paul Tillich and Henry Nelson Wieman.’ I am finding the study quite fascinating. If there are no basic interruptions, I hope to complete it by the end of the coming summer

British Rule in India
Queen Elizabeth I was crowned empress of India in 1877 and modernized India and brought western education, medicine, and communication.
British India lasted until after WWII.
British tyranny was ruthless from examples such as the Indian mutiny.
The Indian mutiny was a final straw act that disbanded the East India Company and brought direct British control.
Civil Rights Movement
U.S. Civil war gives rise to 13th amendment and 15th amendment which give rise to freedom of voting and equality through race.
Many years since civil war, African-Americans we're still denied basic rights such as voting.
Many resistance acts are starting to occur among African-Americans in southern U.S. such as the Rosa Parks bus event in 1955
Along comes a Hero
Gandhi using his lawyer background becomes a defense lawyer and helps immigrants in South Africa for 20 years before moving back to India.
When back in India, Gandhi becomes the leader of Indian National Congress.
Southern Christian Leadership Conference
King becomes the the first president of the SCLC which is an organization for black rights.
Organization focuses on overtaking white oppression in the courtroom.
Peaceful Protests
Gandhi's first peaceful protest was the salt march which he travelled to the sea to make their own salt which the government deemed illegal.
60,000 people were arrested for making their own salt throughout India in 1930.
Salt March Part II
Part two of the plan was to shut down the salt factories around India. Eventually thousands of more people were arrested and led to the salt laws to be disbanded in 1931.
Bus Boycott's
In 1955, after Rosa Parks was arrested for refusing to get out of a seat for a white woman. Dr. King and the SCLC start to advocate boycotting busses.
1956, after a year of peaceful protests, Bus companies take down segregated seating areas.
Both King and Gandhi both talked about the principles of non-violence and love for your god.
Both men came from wealthy families and still decided to walk with the commoner. Such as Gandhi casting himself from society and becoming an Untouchable and King going to jail for bus boycott's with other men.
King taught through Gandhi's actions that it is easier to fight back instead of being abused physically without retaliation.
Both were assassinated.
Similarities (continued)
Both were very successful at broadcasting themselves and using the media.
King gave over 200 speeches in 1955.
Gandhi used international media to show the unjustice of the British empire from the outside going inward.
Both men used primarily only scripture to use as fuel for equality.
"Hinduism as I know it entirely satisfies my soul, fills my whole being … When doubts haunt me, when disappointments stare me in the face, and when I see not one ray of light on the horizon, I turn to the Bhagavad Gita, and find a verse to comfort me; and I immediately begin to smile in the midst of overwhelming sorrow. My life has been full of tragedies and if they have not left any visible and indelible effect on me, I owe it to the teachings of the Bhagavad Gita." -Gandhi, 1925

"Be the change you want to be in the world." -Gandhi,

Gandhi stresses the use of sacred texts in his works and believe that all man have potential for greatness, even the untouchable class he lived as.
King Quotes
"Faith is taking a first step, even when you can't see the whole staircase." -MLKJ

“Darkness cannot drive out darkness: only light can do that. Hate cannot drive out hate: only love can do that.” -MLKJ

King stresses a loving, non-violent answer to all conflicts.
King fought racial intolerance while Gandhi fought British tyrancy.
Gandhi recieved physical punishment and King recieved emotional stress and punishment.
Racial injustice was common around the world whereas Ghandi had the support of the countries of the rest of the world and had to sway mother England.
Gandhi's goals and achievments by death
Gandhi fought off the British Empire peacefully through non-violent resistance.
Gandhi sparked the initial revolution that gave Indian's the confidence for liberation of England.
Eliminated the caste system and put Untouchable's with society.
King's goals and achievements by death.
Seperated the Black vs. White race problems in the USA.
Sought black equality and same basic rights as whites.
Helped initiate Brown vs. Board of Education policies over Plessy vs. Ferguson.
King and Gandhi were the two most famous equal rights activists of their time.
King based his racial rights campaign on works of the Bible and peaceful aggression strategies of Jesus Christ.
Ghandi found Christ to be a firm messenger but used all deities to base his social stands against.
Gandhi and King are the two most famous equalist of the 20th century.
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