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Present Simple v/s Present continuous

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by

Camilo Bascur

on 23 August 2013

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Transcript of Present Simple v/s Present continuous

Present Simple v/s Present continuous
Present simple
The simple present expresses an action in the present taking place once, never or several times. It is also used for actions that take place one after another and for actions that are set by a timetable or schedule. The simple present also expresses facts in the present.
To Be
Any other verb
Subject + to be + complement
AM
ARE
IS
I am a boy
You are happy
They are happy
We are happy
He is in the library
She is in the office
It is on the table
Subject + verb + complement
Negative form of the verb to be in the simple present
Are
IS
AM
+
NOT
They are
not
police officers
=
They
aren't
police officers
She is
not
home
=
She
isn't
home
I am
not
busy
=
I
'm not
busy
Interrogative form of the verb to be in present simple
Where
is
she?
Who
are

you
?
Where
am

I
?
DO
Auxiliary
I
they
we
you
work
in an office
He
She
IT
work
s

in an office
Negative sentence:
Auxiliary
+
not
Any other verb
Subject + verb + complement
DO
Auxiliary
I
they
we
you
work
in an office
He
She
IT
work
s

in an office
I live in London
I
do

not
live in London
She live
s
in London
She do
es
not
live in London
Interrogative sentences: The auxiliary goes before the subject
Auxiliary
+
Subject
+ Verb + ?
Do

you
live in London?

Does

she
live in London?


Present Continuous
The present progressive is used for actions going on in the moment of speaking and for actions taking place only for a short period of time.
SUBJECT + AUXILIARY (TO BE) + VERB (ING) + COMPLEMENT
Auxiliary
To Be
S +
to be
+ verb
(ing)
+ complement
I
He
She
It
we
they
you
AM
IS
ARE
RUNN
ING
PLAY
ING
SLEEP
ING
Negative form is made by adding
not
after the auxiliary
to be
I
am

not
eating
She
is

not
driving

The interrogative form is made by adding the auxiliary before the subject
Are

you
eating?
Is

she
sleeping?
Present simple
Present continuous
For Daily routine
Collins plays football every Saturday
Present actions happening one after another
First Collins plays football, and then he watches tele.
For actions happening at the time of speaking
Look! Collins is playing football now.
Also for several actions happening at the same time
Collins is playing football and her sister is watching tele.
Timetable / Schedule or arrangement?
Do you want to express that something is arranged for the near future? Or do you refer to a time set by a timetable or schedule?
action set by a timetable or schedule


The film starts at 8 pm.
PRESENT SIMPLE
arrangement for the near future


I am going to the cinema tonight
PRESENT CONTINUOUS
Daily routine or just for a limited period of time?
Do you want to talk about a daily routine? Or do you want to emphasis that something is only going on for a limited (rather short) period of time?
Daily routine


Bob works in a restaurant
PRESENT SIMPLE
only for a limited period of time (does not have to happen directly at the moment of speaking)


Jenny is working in a restaurant this week.
PRESENT CONTINUOUS
Signal words
always

every ...

often

normally

usually

sometimes

seldom

never

first

then
at the moment

at this moment

today

now

right now

Listen!

Look
PRESENT S.
PRESENT C.
USES AND DIFFERENCE OF THE PRESENT SIMPLE AND THE PRESENT CONTINUOUS
PRESENT SIMPLE "DAYLY ROUTINE"
James (live) _______________________in a little village.

He (be)___________________________________ in his last year at school.

After school, James (want) _________________ to become a banker.

So this week, he (do) __________________________ a practical course in a bank.

There (be)_________________________ a bank in a nearby town, but James (have) _____________________ to take the bus to get there.

The bus (leave) _____________ at 5.30 in the morning and (return) at 8.15 in the evening.

James (not / like) _____________________ to spend so much time in town before and after work, waiting for the bus.

Therefore, this week he (stay)____________________ with his aunt, who (live) ____________________ in town.

James usually (wear) ______________ jeans and t-shirts, but while he (work) _______________ for the bank now, he (wear)_____________ a suit and a tie.
Complete the sentences. Use Simple Present and Present Progressive
PRESENT CONTINUOUS
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