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Background information for Antigone

Scarlett Rogers

on 5 November 2010

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Transcript of Antigone

Oedipus - Son of Laius, King of Thebes,
and Queen Jocasta
Prophicized by an oracle that King of Thebes,
Laius, was doomed to perish at the hands
of his own son
Oedipus, son of King Laius and Queen Jocasta, was placed on a mountainside, with his feet pierced and tied together. He was later found by a shepard and taken to the childless King and Queen of Corinth; he was raised as their son
Oedipus was informed by the Oracle at Delphi that he would kill his father and marry his mother; he decided to leave Corinth and never return.
On his way to Thebes, Oedipus encountered King Laius (his true father) and killed him in a quarrel over the right-of-way of the road.
After correctly answering the riddle of the Sphinz,

What goes on four legs in the morning, on two legs at noon, and on three legs in the evening?

the Sphinx killed herself, permitting Oedipus enternce into Thebes.

He was made king for his feat in destroying the Sphinx.
Sphinz answer: A man, who crawls on all fours as a baby, walks on two legs as an adult, and walks with a cane in old age. (metaphors)
He married the widow, Jocasta, his birth mother, thus fulfilling the prohesy.
Oedipus and Jocasta had four children: Antigone, Eteocles, Polynices, and Ismene.
Upon learning the truth about the patricide (killing his father) and the incest (Jocasta being his birth mother), Oedipus blinded himself before going into exile. He later was released from his earthly existence by Eumendes and Jocasta hanged herself.
Creon, Jocasta's brother is sent to the Oracle at Delphi to obtain an answer to the pestilence and infertility rampant in Thebes.
The oracle informs Creon that the end will only come when the true murderer of Laius is found and either killed or exiled.
Oedipus sends for the blind prophet, Tiresias, and learns that he was the killer.
In a final battle for the control of Thebes, Oedipus's two sons kill each other. Creon issues an order that no one is to bury Polynices upon pain of death. But Antigone is determined that her brother's body will have the proper rites of burial.
Full transcript