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Similarity and Differences between Ottomans and Safavids

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Mehrnoush Sotoudeh

on 2 December 2013

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Transcript of Similarity and Differences between Ottomans and Safavids

Similarity and Differences between Ottomans and Safavids
The Safavids:
Ruled Persia
Capital at Isfahan
Founded by Ismail (r. 1501-1524)
Overthrew previous dynasty and declared himself Shah
Makes Shia Islam the official religion of the empire
Empire called Safavid after Sufi thinker Safi al-Din

Turkic nomads enter Anatolia after Mongols
Mehmed II (r. 1451-1481)
Expanded the Ottoman Empire into southern Europe
Conquered Constantinople
End of the Byzantine Empire - 1453
Becomes the capital of the Ottoman Empire
Suleyman the Magnificent (1520-1566)
Expanded the Ottoman Empire into the Middle East
Moves further into Europe and besieged Vienna in 1529
Develops navy
Ottoman Empire at the peak of its power
Both dominated by warrior aristocrats, who shared power with monarch
warriors gradually leave for estates where they ruled peasants
Both encouraged growth of crafts & trade
women socially disadvantaged in both
-sub-ordinate to fathers & husbands
-basically homebound
Both were militarily expansionist empires and both faced the challenge of running large empires consisting of ethnically and religiously diverse populations
both left lasting legacies behind them in terms of art, literature, architecture, religion, and government.

The Ottomans were Sunni Turks, whereas the Safavids were Shiite Iranians.
Safavids were superior than Ottomans in art and architecture and had a great impact on Ottomas.
Safavids spoke Persian and Turkish while Ottomans only spoke Turkish.
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