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Transcript of Dante Alighieri
-Pope Benedict XV Basic Information: Dante Alighieri was born sometime in mid May or June in the year 1265, in Florence Italy.
Dante was a controversial poet who's most famous work, The Divine Comedy, is an epic poem explaining the journey of the after life. It is divided into three parts: Inferno, Purgatorio, Paradiso. (Hell, Purgatory, Heaven)
He is often held responsible for fathering the modern Italian language and his writings inspired many renaissance artworks created centuries later. Dante's family had strong political and financial influence over Florence. However, when the ruling Family in Florence changed this power shifted.
January 27, 1302: Dante is exiled from Florence.
*On this day, poet and politician Dante Alighieri is exiled from Florence, where he served as one of six priors governing the city.
*Dante's political activities, including the banishing of several rivals, led to his own banishment.
* Evidently Dante's command of philosophy and his literary interests deepened in exile. During this time is where he wrote his Divine Comedy. Beatrice Portinari +Dante claimed to have seen Beatrice Portinari at the age of nine and fell in love at first sight. He did not even speak to her.
+Saw her frequently after he turned eighteen but never knew her well. They often exchanged minimal greetings but Dante had an arranged marriage at age twenty.
+He had three children with his wife but did not ever truly love any of them.
+Beatrice died at age 24, in 1290. This played major influence on Dante's work and he sought consolation in his literature.
+Dante saw Beatrice as a savior, one who removed all evil intentions from him.
+Beatrice is the main figure in the Paradiso chapter of Dante's Divine Comedy.
+Beatrice appears as a guide through Heaven so he might see what awaits him.
+Although they converse in personal terms, this is no more than the imagination of Dante. Since their relationship had no contact, this Beatrice he wrote about was shaped entirely by his own mind.
"The glorious lady of my mind". "La gloriosa donna della mia mente" Throughout Dante's life Italy was not a unified country. The only true real leader was the pope. Dante dreamed one ruler would bring order to Italy and had faith in Holy Roman Emperor Henry VII, but Henry died before he could accomplish Dante's dream. Besides Beatrice, Dante's other true love was Florence and being exiled forever because of the new government made him depressed and torn for the rest of his life. When he died he was buried in Ravenna. Later on Florence deeply regretted his exile and tried to get his body from Ravenna, but custodians refused. There is a tomb in the Basilica of St Croce, Florence built for him but it is empty. Dante's tomb where he is located in Ravenna, Italy. Dante's empty tomb, Basilica of Santa Croce, Florence. Dante died September 9, 1321 from Malaria in Ravenna, Italy. The Divine Comedy On the surface, the epic poem describes Dante's journey through Hell, Purgatory, and Heaven, But on a more in depth look, it tells the story of the soul's liberation with God.
The poem is written in the first person, and tells of Dante's journey lasting from the night before Good Friday to the Wednesday after Easter in the spring of 1300.
The Roman poet Virgil guides him through Hell and Purgatory; Beatrice, Dante's ideal woman, guides him through Heaven. Inferno Inferno represents the Christian soul seeing sin for what it really is, and the three beasts represent three types of sin: the self-indulgent, the violent, and the malicious.
In Inferno, Dante goes through the nine circles of hell.
1-Limbo: the unbaptized and the virtuous pagans, who, though not sinful, did not accept Christ.
2-The Lustful: the second circle of Hell are those overcome by lust.
3-The Gluttonous: The gluttons lie here sightless and heedless of their neighbors.
4-The Hoarders And The Spendthrifts: Those whose attitude toward material goods deviated from the appropriate mean are punished in the fourth circle.
5-The Wrathful: Otherwise known as the angry sinners.
6-The Heretics: Heretics are trapped in flaming tombs.
7-The Violent: The seventh circle houses the violent.
8-Malabolgia (Fraud): those guilty of deliberate, knowing evil, are located in a circle named Malebolge.
9-Traitors (Judecca): Where Satan himself resides, the deepest layer of hell for those who betray ones who love them. Named after Judas who betrayed Jesus, the ultimate sin. Quotes from Inferno:
"The path to paradise begins in hell."
"“There is no greater sorrow
than to recall a happy time
“Do not be afraid; our fate
Cannot be taken from us; it is a gift.”
Purgatorio From the gate of Purgatory, Virgil guides the pilgrim Dante through its seven terraces. These correspond to the seven deadly sins.
At the summit of Mount Purgatory is the Earthly Paradise or Garden of Eden. It represents the state of innocence that existed before Adam and Eve fell from grace – the state which Dante's journey up Mount Purgatory has been recapturing.
Each terrace purges a particular sin in an appropriate manner. Those in Purgatory can leave their circle voluntarily, but will only do so when they have corrected the flaw within themselves that led to committing that sin.
Each terrace are an appropriate prayer, a beatitude, and historical and mythological examples of the relevant deadly sin and of its opposite virtue.
Quotes from Purgatorio:
“Thus you may understand that love alone
is the true seed of every merit in you,
and of all acts for which you must atone.”
"Now you know how much my love for you
burns deep in me
when I forget about our emptiness,
and deal with shadows as with solid things."
Paradiso "In His will is our peace." The third and final part of Dante's Divine Comedy, Paradiso, details Dante's journey through Heaven guided by his love, Beatrice.
The Paradiso begins at the top of Mount Purgatory, at noon on the Wednesday after Easter. Beatrice guides Dante through the nine celestial spheres of Heaven, to the Empyrean, which is the home of God.
Dante's Nine Spheres of Heaven:
First Sphere: The Moon/ The Inconstant
Second Sphere: Mercury/ The Ambitious
Third Sphere: Venus/ The Lovers
Fourth Sphere: The Sun/ The Wise
Fifth Sphere: Mars/ The Warriors of Faith
Six Sphere: Jupiter/ The Just Rulers
Seventh Sphere: Saturn/ The Contemplatives
Eighth Sphere: The Fixed Starts/ Faith, Hope, and Love.
Ninth Sphere: The Premium Mobile/ The Angels The Horrors The Trials Quotes from Paradiso:
"This heaven has no other where than this:
the mind of God, in which are kindled both
the love that turns it and the force it rains.
As in a circle, light and love enclose it,
as it surrounds the rest and that enclosing,
only He who encloses understands."
"But already my desire and my will
were being turned like a wheel, all at one speed, by the Love which moves the sun and the other stars."
"I have been in the Heaven that takes up most of his light, and saw things there that those who descend from that height cannot speak of or forget..."
You have now liberated your soul "I consider that our present sufferings are not worth comparing with the glory that will be revealed in us." Romans 8:18 The very famous Dante death mask. For when you have arrived in Paradise you will see, the Glory that God has destined for thee. The End