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Kabuki

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by

Katie Lawrence

on 16 October 2014

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Transcript of Kabuki

Kabuki's History
-Originated during the Edo period
-Was an opportunity to see the latest fashion trends, newest music, and celebrities
-Performances were from morning to sunset
-Meals were served
-Often spectators would only stay for one scene, meaning people were constantly coming and going
-First only women performed
-Prostitution was available with the performance
Kabuki's Significance
-Make up creates an alternate character
-Gives the performance and performer a magical surreal quality
-Used as an escape from the real world (traditional Kabuki spectators were middle class workers)
What is Kabuki?
-Traditional Japanese form of theatre
-Involves elaborate costumes, wigs, and make-up
-Huge exaggerated actions used to convey meaning
-Performed in old form of Japanese
-Stage often revolves and has trap doors
-Stage includes a bridge through the audience called a hanamichi
-Live traditional music
-Average performance today is 4 hours long
Kabuki Makeup
- kabuki masks are not Masks
- men had to shave off eyebrows when playing female roles because it interfered with the makeup
- colours are important because they give the "mask" meaning
- face is painted white over a layer of wax and then the paint is reapplied throughout the show

Red represents:strength and passion
Purple represents: nobility
Green represents: the supernatural
Indigo, Blue and Black represents: evil and fear
A Summary:
Kabuki
Bibliography
http://www.japan-guide.com/e/e2090.html
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kabuki#History_of_kabuki
http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/309298/Kabuki
http://www.artelino.com/articles/kabuki_terminology.asp
http://www.props.eric-hart.com/education/kabuki-props
Hanamichi
Traditional Kabuki Stage
Kabuki Performer
-Plot is usually based on historical events
-Often plot is part of a bigger story which spectators read or research before attending the show
-Only performed by men
-Includes stage assistants dressed all in black called kurogo
-Spectators may shout out kabuki actors' stage names (yago) to encourage them
-Actors often hold a specific pose to establish their character called mie
What is Kabuki? (Continued...)
-Tokugawa Shogunate forbade women from performing because they were too erotic
-In the 1650s boys acted in Kabuki but that was later outlawed
-Presently Kabuki is only performed by men
-Specific men are specialized in playing female roles called onnagata
-Elaborate make up came about because performances were lit by candlelight
Kabuki's History (Continued...)
Life of a Kabuki Actor
Kabuki Wig Styles
-wigs were worn by every actor
-each costume has his own type of wig
-the wigs are specialized based on the persons head and makeup
-made up of human hair
-some wigs are made up of bear fur, horse hair and yak tail hair
-there was special teams are that were assigned to an actor to help
with the costume changes
-small detail and layers
wigs and costume
- kabuki is a popular form of traditional theatre
- can be seen in Tokyo, Osaka and Kyoto
-Kabukiza Theatre in Tokyo is really popular and specailizes in kabuki theater.
-based on historical events
-Bando Tamasaburo is still a specialized actor in Kabuki.
-He is an Onnagata
Kabuki today
Full transcript