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Sal Castro

This is a Journey Box about Sal Castro who had a major influence in the 1960s where students in LA were engaged in "walkouts" due to educational inequalities in schools. This Journey box is for teachers to use in their classrooms.
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on 10 December 2015

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Transcript of Sal Castro

DIANE
: In 1968, can you talk a little bit about what happened, what led up to how and why the Chicano Youth Leadership Conference was created?

SAL:
...after the Army, I started counting Mexicans. You see, when I went in the Army I had experienced heavy discrimination as an adult. As a kid this happens, but you don't realize it’s happening. My family, for example, never went to picnics at public parks like Griffith Park or the nice parks in West LA. We always went to “Marrano” Beach in East LA because that's where the Mexicans went—we weren’t allowed to go anywhere else. The gabachos would throw the Mexicans out. If they threw you out the cops wouldn't do anything about it, so it was an unenforced discrimination. As a chavalito, I remember a swimming pool right near Virgil High School, which is on Vermont and 1st Street. ...Mexicans weren’t allowed to go swimming except on Wednesday nights...

This short film was produced for the National Hispanic Media Coalition's Impact Awards Gala in 2006 of which Sal Castro was awarded the Impact Award for Outstanding Service and Commitment to the Latino Community.
Watch from 2:38 to 3:44
In June 2010, Sal Castro sat down with Gilda L. Ochoa to talk about his passion for educational justice.

Ochoa: What would you say to today’s teachers, given the current conditions for Chicano/Latino students?

Castro: You start with the love of the kids, not the love of your subject matter. You start loving the kids, and know that you’re going to go to the wall for them to make sure that they’re successful. Then, you better reek of ethnic studies. In history, you talk about the American Revolution, and you throw in Mexican or Spanish surnames: Bernardo Gálvez, the 9,000 Mexican troops that came up here, the money that Mexico donated to Washington for the revolution, the missions that were collecting money for the revolution.
The kids knew I cared. They knew that I was there for them even if they had already graduated. They saw the love. So they had respect for me.

Ochoa: You’ve had a long commitment to teaching.

Castro: Thirty years ago, I had offers from ...colleges. But I said: “No, no, I started as a teacher. I [will continue] as a teacher”…

2013
1960
"I am a concerned American who wants our country to live up to its promise of equality, liberty, and justice for all."
Salvador B. Castro was a Mexican-American teacher and activist. He was born in Los Angeles on October 25, 1933. He was very well known for his actions in the 1968 East Los Angeles Chicano high school walkouts where a group of protests against the inequality faced by students in Los Angeles Unified School District schools too place. When he retired, he continued to speak to groups of people about his experiences and the importance of education, especially for Mexican Americans. He died in Los Angeles on April 15, 2013. He was an inspiration to many.
Sal Castro speaking at a conference in Belmont for Mexican-American students
What do you notice about the individuals in this photo?
What do you think hey are doing?
Who are they?
How do you think they felt?

Source: https://sites.google.com/site/chicanowalkouts1968/Sal-Castro
High School teacher Sal Castro joins a Latino Student Walkout in Los Angeles
What is Sal doing?
What are the people doing?
How old you you think they are?
Why are they there?
How do you think they felt?

Source: http://articles.latimes.com/2012/oct/09/local/la-me-holland-walkout-memorial-20121009
Sal Castro leading a student walkout/blowout in 1968
What do you notice about this photo?
Where are they?
What are they wearing?
What are they doing?

source: http://www.boyleheightsbeat.com/remembering-sal-castro-and-the-east-l-a-walkouts-2320
Diane Velarde-Hernandez has been an educator at San Fernando High School for almost 28 years. She has led many struggles to advance educational opportunities for her students. Here is an interview she had with Sal Castro
What happened?
What is discrimination?

Why do you think this happened?
Why is this important?
source: http://www.xispas.com/opinion/sal1.htm
by Los Angeles Times Op-Ed columnist and Pulitzer Prize winning journalist Patt Morrison, produced by documentary filmmaker Alison Sotomayor, and edited by Noe Carillo.
What happened?
What did Sal Castro do?
What were the consequences?
What did people think about Sal Castro?

source: YouTube
What would you say Sal Castro cared about the most?
What is something you noticed about his character?
What do you think was his main goal?

source: http://www.rethinkingschools.org/archive/25_02/25_02_ochoa.shtml
How do you think Mario T. Garcia felt about Sal Castro?
Why was Castro considered to be so important?
Why do you think Mexican Americans decided to call themselves "Chicanos"?

Book written in 2011: Blowout! : Sal Castro and the Chicano Struggle for Educational Justice
Written by MarioT. Garcia

Vista LA on ABC in 2011
Watch from 0:46 to 3:37
What was going on in the 1960s?
What kind of discrimination happened to the Latino students?
What did the students do?
What did Sal Castro do?
Source: YouTube
Sal Castro continued to speak at various schools and events about the importance of equal education until he died in 2013.
Source: http://www.ocweekly.com/news/sal-castro-legendary-mexican-american-educator-and-activist-passes-away-6476690
What do you notice about this picture?
Why do you think Castro chose to keep speaking about education for Chicanos?
What does this say about Sal Castro?
What do you find interesting about the sign on the podium?
Sal Castro
Full transcript