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Hamlet and the Freudian Theory

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Rosina Lago

on 15 June 2013

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Transcript of Hamlet and the Freudian Theory

Upon digging a grave for Ophelia, Hamlet realizes that all men are destined for the same end, to become dust.
Claudius sends Hamlet to England as he considers him a danger. On the journey Hamlet learns of a needless war that takes place for unprofitable land. Comparing these measures to his lack of vengeance he decides he will be more "bloody" from this moment onwards.
Hamlet commits the "rash and bloody deed" of killing Polonius. In a confrontation with his mother, Hamlet accuses Claudius and her of the same kinds of act (when the king is murdered and she marries her brother-in-law).
Hamlet sets up a trap to determine Claudius' guilt. The trap proves positive.
Hamlet contemplates death
Hamlet sees the ghost of his father who speaks to him. The truth of the king's murder by Claudius is revealed. The ghost entreats Hamlet to revenge his death but to leave Gertrude to the heavens.
Sigmund Freud's "Group Psychology and Analysis of the Ego" applied to Shakespeare's Hamlet
FREUD, Sigmund. “Group Psychology
and Analysis of the Ego”. The Major Works of Sigmund Freud.
United States: Encyclopaedia Britannica. 1993. Print.

"An individual's separate emotion and personal intellectual act are too weak to come to anything by themselves and are absolutely obliged to wait til they are reinforced through being repeated in a similar way in the other members of the group." (684)
"the mere fact that he forms part of an organized group, a man descends several rungs in the ladder of civilization. Isolated, he may be a cultivated individual; in a crowd he is a barbarian - that is, a creature acting by instinct." (667)
"it is impossible to grasp the nature of a group if the leader is disregarded" (685)
"A little boy will exibit a special interest in his father; he would like to grow like him and be like him, and take his place everywhere [...] His identification with his father then takes on a hostile colouring and becomes identical with the wish to replace his father in regard to his mother as well." (679)
This presentation brainstorms the main events concerning the character of Hamlet in Shakespeare's famous play. It connects the key points with theory from Freud's essay on "Group psychology" to reason their occurrence.
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