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The Social Classes of the Industrial Revolution

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Maxwell Livesey

on 17 February 2013

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Transcript of The Social Classes of the Industrial Revolution

How did the Social Classes compare during the Industrial Revolution? The Social Classes of the Industrial Revolution Before the industrial revolution there were two major classes: the nobles and peasants. During the industrial revolution though, two new classes evolved named the middle class and the working class. The upper class was the wealthiest class. The people in the upper class inherited their money from their family. They lived outside the city and in the countryside. In the countryside there was less disease and so the upper class lived for a longer time. This was because not many people lived in the countryside; most people lived in the city. As they had lots of money they could afford expensive clothes like lace coats, hooped skirts, dark suits, stiff straw hats, top hats etc. They could also host expensive dinner parties. The Upper Class The middle class was the new social class. It was composed of businessmen such as shop, factory owners, doctors and lawyers. The businessmen built the factories and bought the machines. In the middle class men had the right to vote and be represented in parliament. This class grew in numbers and wealth, and soon the middle class started to become as powerful and rich as the upper class. So they started to dress like the upper class and host expensive dinner parties. However the middle class did not have servants, but they might have had a nanny to look after the children. The Middle Class The working class was also a new social class but it was not as positive as the middle class. In fact it was the poorest class. It was made up of people who could not make enough money farming and so had to work in factories. They worked in the factories for up to 16 hours a day, 6 days a week. They got low wages and the work caused them injuries and sometimes death. Children younger than 10 also worked in the factories. They were hired as the factory owners didn't have to pay them well (less than men) and they could crawl under the machines to collect fallen spindles etc. They were injured and sometimes killed. Women would also be paid less then men. The working class houses were overcrowded, causing lots of disease to spread. They could also not vote. The Working Class Most of the effects of the social classes were positive although there was a negative.The upper class was the wealthiest class, and had the least disease. Although they were the wealthiest class as the middle class grew in numbers it also grew in wealth, and soon it became as rich and powerful as the upper class. On the other hand the working class was the poorest. It had the most spread of disease and the least money.
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