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Sikh Culture

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by

Ariela Martinez

on 15 March 2014

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Transcript of Sikh Culture

Sikh Culture
Rite of Passage
Marriage
Death
Birth
Hymns
Amrit Sanchar
Amrit Sanchar: Ceremony of initiation or a Baptism. The initiation is introduced by Guru Gobind Singh Ji.
A sikh who has been introduced into "Khalsa" is titled Singh (male) or Kaur (female).
Anyone can go through this as soon as they are old enough to understand the full commitment that they are making.
This is either conducted at home or in the gurdwara by 5 initiated Sikhs.
When getting Initiated
Wear the Panj Kakars (The Five K's) as symbols of members of the Khalsa.
After prayers and readings from the Guru Granth Sahib ji, Amrit (sweetened water) is mixed in a steel bowl with a Khanda.
Each person getting initiated has to drink 5 sips of the sweetened water.
After initiation, men adopt the last name of 'Singh' (Lion) and women adapt the name 'Kaur' (princess).
Requirements
Wear the Five K's everyday
Morning prayers which include of 5 prayers (Nitnam)
Evening prayer (Rehraas)
Night prayer (kirtan sohila)
Anand Karaj (marriage
) is the "
blissful union" between 2 souls where they are united not only physically but also spiritually as one.
Marriage is performed at the Gurdwara in the presence of Guru Granth Sahib Ji (Present day God).
Sikh marriage is in attaining worldly and spirtual joy. Not as physical contact rather 1 spirit merged in 2 bodies.
"Laava" or revolving around Guru Granth Sahib Ji signifies the center of the couple's life and crossing the path of life together.
"Sadh Sangat" represents the support of the couple.
Anand Karaj
Reincarnation
rebirth of souls in different forms
Waheguru
a daily chant (gurmantra)

Sikh household,
Soon after birth of child, family/relatives go to Gurdwara(temple)
Bring Karhah Prashad(holy offering).
Vice Versa
Or family might get Karhah Prashad made in the Gurdwara
Recite hymns in the holy presence of the Guru


Ceremony
Recite hymns such as "Parmeshar dita bana"
Expressive of joy and thankfulness

Names
Accepted by the congregation
Name is announced by Granthi (a man in attendance of Guru Granth Sahib)
Boys must have the suffix "Singh"
Girls must have the suffix start with "Kaur"
Last names or for some as middle names.
celebration of the completion of life
Antam Sanskar
funeral ceremony
reunion of soul with its maker
cremation
death is not the end
"pain" can be ended by merging in god
Starting prayer in order for the marriage to occur succesfully with the standing of the bride and groom along with the parents of both sides.
Prayers recited from the Guru Granth Sahib ji by a Granthi(pastor) for the husband and wife to vow to be part of each other.
"Laava" revolving 4 times around the Guru Granth Sahib Ji as the musical marriage hyms are being recited.
After each "Laav" is taken the bride and groom return to sitting position as vows are recited by the Granthi.
Ends with last prayer and final hymn.
chaurasi lakh joon (8.4 million life forms)
"wondrous enlightener"
language of gurmukhi
Arranged marriage by parents (culturally)
Sikh family usually marry into sikh families.
Many traditional rituals are involved
such as: a turmeric ceremony and a henna ceremony

love marriages are allowed
Other cultures are equally respected
Traditions of Sikh Families
Thank You for Listening
Full transcript