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History of Rock Music: Chapter 5
Transcript of History of Rock Music: Chapter 5
Frank Zappa at the piano.
Born in Baltimore, MD.
Was introduced by Don Van Vliet (“Captain Beefheart”) to the blues.
As a teenager was inspired by classical composers Stravinsky and Varese (“Deserts”).
During the early 60s he wrote the soundtracks for Run Home Slow and The World’s Greatest Sinner.
In 1964 joined the Soul Giants, later became the Mothers of Invention.
Their debut album in 1966, Freak Out, was groundbreaking and eclectic.
Frank Zappa (1940-1993)
SOURCES: Shirley, 74-75. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Brian_Wilson
Wilson spent an unprecedented $16,000 on the hit “Good Vibrations.” Later teamed up with Van Dyke Parks to produce an album (Smile) that would be as complex and demanding.
Project was doomed. Early takes on “Surf’s Up” and “Cabin Essence” showed promise. Wilson’s drug use and behavior caused the project to be cancelled.
A few of the songs ended up on Smiley Smile (1967). But the band would never approach the level of quality on Pet Sounds and “Good Vibrations.”
In 2004 a rerecorded version of Smile was released and was a critical and financial success.
SOURCES: Shirley, 71-73. http://thebeachboys.com/photos.html
The Beach Boys in Concert.
As the group became more successful, the demands of touring took their toll. In 1964 Brian Wilson suffered his first of many nervous breakdowns.
Competition with The Beatles inspired Wilson to produce Pet Sounds in 1966 which would raise the standard of the quality of artists’ recordings.
Songs included: “Wouldn’t It Be Nice” and “Sloop John B.” It also contained personal introspective numbers “I Know There’s an Answer” and “I Wasn’t Made for These Times.”
Influenced Lennon and McCartney to write “Here, There and Everywhere.”
SOURCES: Shirley, 68-69.
Highway 61 Revisited (1965) and Blonde on Blonde (1966) are considered “two of the finest recordings of the rock and roll era.”
Began touring with The Hawks (who later became The Band).
Was in seclusion for a year after a 1967 motorcycle accident.
His next two albums John Wesley Harding (1967) and Nashville Skyline (1969) featured country ballads “Lay Lady Lay,” “Tonight I’ll Be Staying Here With You,” and “Girl from the North Country,” a duet with Johnny Cash.
A few somewhat recent releases include:
Time Out of Mind
Love and Theft
Gotta Serve Somebody
Together Through Life
On 13 Oct 2016, Dylan was awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature
“Like a Rolling Stone”
SOURCES: Shirley, 67-68. Amazon.com.
Another Side of Bob Dylan (1964) contained more personal, introspective material.
Bringing It All Back Home (1965) was recorded with rock and roll and blues musicians playing electric instruments.
Folk purists were offended, but the album was his first to sell a million copies.
SOURCE: Shirley, 64-65.
The 1950s had been a difficult period for folk singers (e.g., The Weavers, Ramblin’ Jack Elliot, Woody Guthrie).
This changed in 1958 with the Kingston Trio’s “Hang Down Your Head Tom Dooley.”
By 1960 Odetta, Theodore Bikel, Joan Baez, and Peter, Paul and Mary had joined the Kingston Trio on the charts.
In 1961-1962 folk artists had some success with protest anthems. (Pete Seeger and Peter, Paul and Mary’s cover of his “If I Had a Hammer.”)
SOURCE: Shirley, 64.
Bob Dylan, Beach Boys’ Brian Wilson and Frank Zappa of the Mothers of Invention created new personal styles that would have an enormous impact throughout the rest of the 60s.
Fighting the British Invasion
Bringing It All Back Home
Rock and Roll History V
SOURCES: Shirley, 69-70. http://thebeachboys.com/photos.html
The Beach Boys outside Capitol Records.
Formed in 1961 by Brian Wilson and his cousin Mike Love. The band also included younger brothers, Dennis and Carl Wilson, and Al Jardine.
Known for their vocal harmonies influenced by the Four Freshmen and songs about surfing, dragracing and dating.
Early hits: “Surfer Girl,” “Little Deuce Coup,” “Surfin’ U.S.A.,” and “Surf City.”
The Beach Boys
SOURCES: Shirley 65-67. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bob_Dylan
Photo by Daniel Kramer.
Born Robert Allen Zimmerman (1941- ). Took name from Welsh poet Dylan Thomas.
Arrived in New York in 1961. Debut album that year contained folk standards “In My Time of Dying,” “Man of Constant Sorrow,” and “The House of the Rising Sun.”
The Freewheelin’ Bob Dylan (1963) and The Times They Are A-Changin’ (1964) were his next two albums. Songs included: “Blowin’ in the Wind,” “A Hard Rain’s A-Gonna Fall,” “Masters of War,” “Oxford Town,” and the title cut of the latter.
SOURCES: Shirley 78-79. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Frank_Zappa
In 1970 the Mothers of Invention broke up.
Zappa produced the double album, Trout Mask Replica, for Captain Beefheart.
The 1969 album, Hot Rats, featured violinist Jean-Luc Ponty, jazz musicians, and vocals by Zappa and Captain Beefheart (“Willie the Pimp”).
Could “whale the tar out of every other informal jam. . . .” (Rolling Stone).
The Kingston Trio
"Hang Down Your Head, Tom Dooley"
"The Times They Are a Changin'"
"Bringing It All Back Home"
"Like a Rolling Stone"
The Beach Boys
The Beach Boys
"I Know There's an Answer"
The Beach Boys
"Hungry Freaks, Daddy"
"Willie the Pimp"