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Ancient China: The Seven Characteristics

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Belle Mustin

on 19 April 2013

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Transcript of Ancient China: The Seven Characteristics

The Seven Characteristics Ancient China The Geography of Ancient China Technologies The Writing Systems The geography of China includes things such as The Himalayas, the deserts, the rivers, and the weather. Ancient china was mostly known for the weather and the high elevation. In some parts of China the weather could vary from ice storms in the mountains to sandstorms in the deserts. There are two parts of China, Inner China, and Outer China. Religion Zhou Dynasty, Mandate of Heaven, Feudalism, Yin and Yang The technologies of Ancient China were amazing.The earliest alcohol makers in Chinese legend were Yi Di and Du Kang of the Xia Dynasty (about 2000 BC1600 BC). Research shows that ordinary beer, with an alcoholic content of 4% to 5%, was widely consumed in ancient China and was even mentioned on oracle bone inscriptions as offerings to spirits during sacrifices in the Shang Dynasty (1600 BC–1046 BC). After that, Chinese discovered that adding more cooked grain in water during fermentation could increase the alcohol content, so stronger drinks began to appear. Around 1000 BC, the Chinese created an alcoholic beverage which was stronger than 11%. The potent libation was mentioned in poetry throughout the Zhou Dynasty (1050 BC–256 BC). Meanwhile, no beer in the West reached 11% until the 12th century, when distilled alcohol was first made in Italy. Many of the characters that have been found on oracle bones and bronze ritual vessels are still used today in a slightly altered state. Some of these characters can be called pictograms. This is the earliest of Chinese symbols. Samples of writing using this method date back to (1500 – 1000 B.C.). These symbols were etched onto turtle shells and animals bones. These bones were maintained as historical documents to the reign of the Shang Dynasty. Social Structure The social structure of Ancient China was amazing. at the bottom were the peasant, going up te pyramid there were, artisans, merchants, officials, nobles, and last but not least the Emporer. Government Ancient China had a government ruled by dynasties, sometimes united under one dynasty but often competing dynasties in controlling different regions. Ancient china’s resources, large areas and large populations demanded a strong central government. When one of these regional dynasties became dominant their king would become the emperor. The government these dynasties created tended to be very autocratic and even despotic, ruthlessly enforcing their rule and conscripting massive armies and labor forces. Perhaps this was a necessary evil considering the threat of barbarian invasion, potential internal rivals and massive rebellions. Confucianism was developed in ancient china, a philosophy stressing virtue, good governance and merit based promotion for government offices. Emperors and officials were to be virtues and effective, models for their subjects. However, even when practicing an enlightened confusion form of government, a virtues example for the people, the ancient Chinese dynasties tended to be bureaucratic and very strict. Stable Food Supply
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