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Vocabulary in Context

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by

Jean Sienkowski

on 21 November 2013

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Transcript of Vocabulary in Context

Vocabulary in Context 6.1.4
What can I do when I come to a word I don't know?
You can use context clues to figure out the meaning of an unfamiliar word or phrase.
Context clues are in the words and sentences near the unfamiliar word or phrase.

Example
If you read a passage and see the unfamiliar word
bulldozer
, you might make the mistake of thinking from its word parts that a bulldozer is related to cattle or to sleeping.
You should look at the other words and phrases to see whether any of them mention farms or sleep.
When you found words and phrases about machines, digging, and building, you would be able to guess that a bulldozer is a machine used in construction.
How can I figure out the meaning of an unknown phrase?
He flew much too close to the sun. The beeswax melted from the sun's heat, and his wings fell apart. Icarus fell
like a stone
into the sea and drowned.

The context clues around
like a stone
include:
·the sentence, "He flew much too close to the sun."
·the phrase, "his wings fell apart"
·the word "drowned"

A stone is heavy enough to sink. So, the phrase like a stone means that "Icarus is heavy like a stone and falls as quickly and
deeply into the water as a stone might."
Always look at the words and sentences around an unknown word or phrase to help you gain meaning.
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