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Transcript of Daintree Rainforest,
Short Video on Daintree:
By Bonni Wheadon
Daintree Rainforest information
Daintree rain forest is located in the north of Cairns in Queensland and covers 20% of Australia’s land mass. It covers approximately 1,200 square kilometres in length and is over 135 million years old. It is home to over 3000 species of plants and over one third of Australians mammalian species. The main human impacts on Daintree rainforest are logging, farming, mining and tourism. Logging, farming and mining both clear parts of this beautiful rainforest and tourists can increase the carbon dioxide and impacts on climate change, which all effect Daintree rainforest. Uses of this rainforest are that it is home to around 50% of the world’s animals and some plant species are used in medicines. There are some indigenous people living in Daintree, the main one being the Kuku Yalanji people.
Animal one- Southern Cassowary
The southern cassowary is an endangered species, with only 1000 of them living in Australia. Cassowaries are big, flightless birds that can grow up to two meters tall, with males weighing in at 55kg and females at 75kg. Adult cassowaries have shiny black feather with a bright blue and purple neck. They have two red wattles growing off their neck. Each leg has three toes with a sharp dagger claw. They also have a deadly casque on top of their head. The habitat for these large birds is dense tropical rainforests that have plenty of insects, grass and fungi for these birds to graze on. They are found in Daintree rainforest and also parts of Papua New Guinea. To survive cassowaries can easily flee from predators with a top speed of 50km/h or attack with their razor sharp casque or their sharp claws. The cassowaries are endangered because of destruction of their habitat, dog attacks and predation by feral animals. Rainforest animals that hunt these animals are the dingo and crocodile.
Animal two- Stripped Possum
The stripped possum is a nocturnal mammal that lives in Daintree rainforest. As the name suggests, it has black and white strips on its fur and a long slender body. It also has a long bushy tail and a relevantly big head. This little guy can grow between 25-27cm long and weigh between 245-390g. The stripped possum mainly comes out at night, and is rarely sighted during the day. It live in trees of the rainforest, which it uses holes as den and lines them with leaves for warmth. The diet of this little possum is mainly insects, flowers, fruit and native bee honey. This possum is found in tropical lowland rainforests, with small amounts living in Australia and Papua New Guinea. The stripped possum is a shy creature, which makes it one of the least known possums in Australia. Amethystine pythons are the main prey for the stripped possum, but barking owls can also attack these animals. But this little possum can protect its self by a foul odor it possesses. This stink is worse then other marsupial scents and it quite powerful.
Plant One- Stinging tree
The stinging tree is a very harmful tree located in Daintree rainforest. It can grow approximately 3-4 meters with heart shaped leaves that appear to be harmless but they contains thousands of microscopic pricks that if touched, implant themselves into your skin. This gives you a very painful and itchy reaction that itches like crazy and there is little you can do to relive the pain. Vinegar is a good start but the hospital is the wisest place to go. The stinging tree prefers to live in open sunny parts of tropical rainforests, so when walking through Daintree rainforest you should stay on the track and watch out for these horrible plants. Predators seem like the least of the stinging trees worries, but some animals quite enjoy the taste of this horrid plant. Some caterpillars, stick insects, weevils and chrisomlid beetle enjoy this plant and eat the leaves without being in terrible pain. Other then those few animals the stinging tree can survive without being touched by any other animal.
Plant two- Strangler Fig
The Straggler fig is a tree that, as the name suggests, grows around other trees and strangles the host tree ultimately killing it. Once it grows it begins sending aerial roots down into the ground, where they anchor themselves to its prey. The strangler figs roots can also dangle from the host trees canopy or creep down its trunk. The fig then encloses its roots around the tree, cutting the water supply from the host tree, then it produces new leaves and shoots killing the tree. Once the host tree dies the strangler fig is left as a whole tree. The habitat for these figs is a humid, tropical climate and can be found in Daintree rainforest, New Zealand and even Florida. The strangler fig can grow up to 150 feet in its native range and only 30 feet in cultivation. These figs provide a great home for many insects including wasps.
Pricks of the stinging tree