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RTTP Game Prep: The Trial of Galileo

Game Preparation for the Reacting to the Past Game THE TRIAL OF GALILEO: ARISTOTELIANISM, THE "NEW COSMOLOGY," AND THE CATHOLIC CHURCH, 1616-1633 (Game by Michael S. Pettersen, Frederick Purnell, Jr., and Mark C. Carnes)

Bethany Holmstrom

on 16 March 2014

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Transcript of RTTP Game Prep: The Trial of Galileo

Reacting to the Past Game Preparation

The Trial of Galileo: Aristotelianism, the "New Cosmology," and the Catholic Church, 1616-1633

Created for LIB 200: Humanism, Science, and Technology
LaGuardia Community College, CUNY

Prezi prepared by Bethany Holmstrom
Assistant Professor, English
bethanyholmstrom [at] gmail [dot] com
You are cardinals, professors, and members of the Lincean Academy, deciding whether or not Galileo's ideas are heretical.
Phase One: 1616 - Jesuit College of Rome, Church of Santa Maria Sopra Minerva in Rome (conducted by the Holy Office), and Prince Cesi's Palace
Phase Two: 1632-3 - only sessions conducted by the Holy Office
In this game, the Holy Office and the Index are combined.
"Uphold the Aristotelian-Thomistic theology & the strict principles outlined in the Council of Trent" (Gamebook 20)
"Want to reconcile traditional religion and scientific paradigms with aspects of the 'new philosophy' while slowing the dissemination of ideas that could be harmful to the faith" (20)
Linceans & Supporters
"seek to advance Galileo's views and those more generally associated with the 'new philosophy' or 'new cosmology'" (20)
"Cardinals who belong to the Holy Office...reflect particular - and not altogether unusual - historical constituencies; but otherwise they are free to make decisions as they see fit." (20)
Phase 1
Last day of Phase 1
Phase 2
Time Passes
Phase 1
Phase 1
Game Day 3: Prince Cesi's party

Lincean: Prince Cesi, Professor of Math at the College of Rome

Moderates: Profess or Math at the College of Rome

Conservative: Cardinal 2
Game Day 4: Second Trial Session by Holy Office - END OF PHASE 1

Lincean: Cardinal 2, Prince Cesi, Professor of Math at the Sapienza

Moderate: Cardinal 2, Professor of Philosophy at the Sapienza

Conservative: Cardinal 1, Cardinal 3, Professor of Philosophy at the Sapienza

Time Passes: 1616-1632
Grim Reaper Lottery

New pope chosen via conclave of Cardinals

Phase Two roles distributed
Game Day 5 & 6: Holy Office Trials
Game Day 1: Lectures at the College of Rome

Lincean Faction: Cardinal 2, Professor Math at the College of Rome (Jesuit)

Moderate Faction: Professor of Math at the College of Rome

Conservative Faction: Cardinal 2, Professor of Theology at the College of Rome
Game Day 2: First Trial Session by Holy Office

Lincean Faction: Cardinal 1, Professor of Math at the Sapienza

Moderate: Cardinal 1, Cardinal 2, Professor of Philosophy at the Sapienza

Conservative Faction: Cardinal 1, Cardinal 3, Professor of Philosophy at the Sapienza
Outline of Game Play
Historical Context
the spread of Protestantism throughout northern Europe
Spain, France, and nation/city-states jockeying for power
past cases of heresy & witchcraft
Power and finances of the Catholic Church
The Abbot
- from
The Dance of Death
series, Hans Holbein the Younger (c. 1523)
Martin Luther by Lucas Cranach the Elder, c. 1528
Philip III of Spain by Juan Pantoja de la Cruz, 1606
Cardinals, professors, the pope, and others present as necessary to further their victory objectives

1632-33 Debate Outcome Table (39)
Church of Santa Maria Sopra Minerva in Rome, meeting place of the Supreme Congregation of the Holy Office
Roberto Bellarmine
Federico Cesi by Pietro Fachetti
N.B.: Phase 2 roles will be revealed after the Grim Reaper Lottery, but the main groupings still remain
Appendix A: Introduction to Astronomy from Aristotle to Copernicus (51-59)
Link to helpful online demos of illustrations:

Appendix B: Aristotle,
On the Heavens
Posterior Analytics
Additional resources:
Thomas Aquinas's Commentary for
On the Heavens
Thomas Aquinas's Commentary on the
Posterior Analytics

Please note that schedule is subject to change depending on game play.
Appendix C: Decrees by the Council of Trent Concerning Heresy (84-86)
Council of Trent, Pasquale Cati, 1588
Additional resources on Catholic doctrine & scriptural interpretation:

Translation of the Latin Vulgate
Council of Trent decrees (in full)
Thomas Aquinas’s
Summa Theologica
On Christian Doctrine
Appendix D: Galileo,
The Starry Messenger
For more on Galileo's life leading up to
Starry Messenger
, watch the first 39 minutes of the PBS Nova special:
Appendix E: Galileo, "Letter to Grand Duchess Christina" (109-126)
Cristina di Lorena by Scipione Pulzone, 1590s
Full text of letter
Appendix F: Galileo,
Dialogue on the Two Chief World Systems

Full text version of the
Reading guide made by Bethany using Gingko
Galileo Before the Holy Office
by Joseph-Nicolas Robert-Fleury (1847)
Based on the Reacting to the Past student gamebook
The Trial of Galileo: Aristotelianism, the "New Cosmology," and the Catholic Church, 1616-1633
, by Michael S. Pettersen, Frederick Purnell, Jr., & Marc C. Carnes (New York: W.W. Norton & Company, 2008). Citations are from the gamebook unless otherwise noted.
Game Strategies & Tips
Factions - try to win over the indeterminates and votes for the debate outcome tables
Linceans/Conservatives - convince the Moderates
Earn patron credits for exemplary arguments and displays of knowledge - they give you power & protection
Anyone can be subjected to "rigorous examination" (i.e., torture) by the Inquisition. Be very aware of what you say and to whom you are speaking!
Choose a new pope in Phase 2 that will support your cause
Your actions might not only influence what happens to Galileo's works, but the shape of science, religion, and the European political landscape
DO NOT TIME TRAVEL in your speeches - use texts that were around in the year of game play
Keep secret addendums SECRET.
Full transcript