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Case Study #8: The Valenzuela Family
Transcript of Case Study #8: The Valenzuela Family
Virginia Phillippe Historically and Geographically/ Global Contextual Historically and Geographically/ Global Contextual Historically and Geographically/ Global Contextual Policies and Programs
Temporary employment while American men were in WWII
The DREAM Act
Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA)
Temporarily suspends deportation of young people
15-30 with high school diploma or GED
5-14 who will eventually receive diploma or GED Social Constructions of Employment For non-US citizen migrant workers Social Constructs of Labor: Enrique Restaurant- long day, low pay, humiliations
Hit documentation ceiling
Work, live-in, and pay taxes but cannot be fully incorporated into the larger social system Social Constructs of Documentation: For Valenzuela Family Ticket to incorporation into larger social system
Drivers license to education to eligibility to work
Fear of deportation
Carolina told friends she was a citizen
Citizenship passing vs. racial passing
Importance of documentation in regards to race
Who do we think of when thinking of undocumented workers?
Who is targeted?
To come out then vs. now Power Relationships The structure and institution of power relationships
Formal versus Informal benefits
Should employers follow regulations?
Health Insurance & Medical
401 K Plan?
Lack of contracts
None of the benefits Beatriz receives are fixed or sustainable forever Fear as a Power Relationship Why is fear central?
Being separated (deportation)
Not being able to return
Things they have acquired could be lost
Education of children
Decent Job Power Relationships Why do these power relationships occur?
Our Mother’s Grief: Bonnie Thornton Dill
Colonization of Mexico
What do power relationships look like?
Lifting as We Climb: Women of Color, Wealth, and America’s Future: Center for Community Economic Development Important Dimensions of Inequality Race- Mexican (Undocumented)
Class- Working class
Determined which jobs they worked and how much money they had
Gender- Male and Female family
Shaped each role individually (at least for mother and father)
Sexuality- Heterosexual as far as we know (way less prevalent in this case study) Class Enrique from working class family
Went to America for higher wages and better lifestyle
Beatriz from middle class family
Went to America to escape family dispute
Both automatically working class in America
Due to illegality of status
Intersects with race and gender to determine parents jobs Race Family parents started in Mexico
Wanted to go to America for better opportunity
Mexico has easy access to illegal immigration to America.
Discriminated against In America
Were undocumented so limited options for work
Easily taken advantage of (Even when they were fully aware) Valenzuala Family’s Class Working class
Affected whole family
Long working hours
Only family together time on Sunday
If Different Class
Could have bought citizenship
Could have been safer from authorities
Not ridden bus
Could have lived a better lifestyle Enrique
Lived on a ranchero and farmed when rain allowed in Puebla
Moved to Mexico City in 1963
Migrated to the United States in 1970 at 23
$1.50 an hour to $900-$1,000 salary
Worked in family’s bakery in Manzanillo, Colima
Migrated to the United States in 1969 at 25
$5.50 to $27 a day
Easier to migrate
Earn 7 to 10 times more money Affects on Valenzuela Family
Be in American Legally
Make more money
Would not have to worry about Immigration
Carolina could have gotten college degree and possible citizenship upon completion of GED Men Women Farm Labor
Domestic Work How is the value of labor defined?
By the service or the documentation?
Laws indicate the latter Macro/Micro forces Influencing Decision Making Occupational
Need for more opportunity/pay
Restaurants/hotels need cheap labor; immigrants need work
Need for job outweighs hours and pay
Internal argument with inheritance
Lack of movement from cities/homes
Fear of apprehension
Acquisition of assets; home, car, etc
Better life for children
Carolina claiming citizenship; ROTC and speaker at graduation
Better education for both children in U.S. Macro/Micro forces Influencing Decision Making Political
Treatment of immigrants as non-human; aliens
Deceit by lawyer; fear to pay in order to stay in country
What if the influencing forces were different?
Movement because of deceit?
How would influences change based off of racial/ethnic background?
Asian Implications of Social Action and Social Justice Alternative to Deportation
No separation of parents of legal children
Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals
What do you think would be a good alternative to deportation for families like the Valenzuelas? Social Constructions of Labor-For Beatriz Beatriz says domestic work is not the “natural” job in that Mexican women have varied work experiences
Limited opportunities in job market leads women to turn to domestic work
1st job as nanny
Docked pay if she was not home before Sunday evening
Day job: housekeeper
Lack of formal benefits
However, relationships with employers allowed for informal benefits
Free from constraints of a clock-in clock-out job