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Public Policy Project

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by

Stephanie Hubli

on 6 May 2013

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Transcript of Public Policy Project

Current Policy Status Outside Groups/Lobbyists This political cartoon is ironic because it shows how dealing with climate change is always pushed farther back even though many legislators think it is an issue that should be addressed. What should we do about climate change? Climate Change & Carbon Dioxide Outputs in the U.s. Stephanie Hubli * 1970s: The EPA implemented the Clean Air Act to reduce Carbon Dioxide and greenhouse gas emissions. * U.S. never ratified the Kyoto Protocol (the U.N.'s international effort to combat climate change) * Republicans generally vote against legislation concerning global climate change * McCain-Lieberman Climate Stewardship Act failed in the Senate * Global Warming Pollution Reduction Act (2007) died in committee * American Clean Energy & Security Act of 2009 passed House but died
in the Senate Policy History * New Energy For America under the Obama administration is a plan to invest in renewable energy, reduce reliance on foreign oil, address the global climate crisis, and make coal a less competitive energy source * 2010 Federal Budget proposed to support clean energy development with a 10-year investment of $15 billion annually by selling greenhouse gas emission credits * March 2012: new rules for power plants were proposed * EPA raised mileage standards for vehicles * Climate Change Bill proposed by Senators Barbara Boxer and Bernie Sanders: It would impose a fee starting at $20 per ton of carbon emissions on fossil fuel producers * Republicans attacked the bill because they thought it would damage the economy Writes all laws that could help reduce carbon dioxide emissions Legislative Executive Judicial Has a lot of power over public policy through agenda setting, can appeal to the people directly Can declare laws unconstitutional that may hurt the environment, can find energy companies guilty of violating emissions standards/regulations Governmental/Bureaucratic Agencies on Global Warming Environmental Protection Agency Department of Energy U.S. House Select Committee on Energy Independence and Global Warming U.S. Global Change Research Information Office EIA - Energy Emissions Data & Environmental Analysis of Energy Data NOAA - National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration - Climate U.S. Chamber of Commerce: This group's goal is to strengthen the economy. They fight climate change legislation because they believe that the oil, gas, and coal industries create jobs and increase global competitiveness. American Petroleum Institute: This group protects the oil and gas industry, both not considered clean sources of energy. National Mining Association: This group also focuses on the economy and the jobs that the mining industry creates. It supports mining of coal and other extractable minerals. *All of the following interest groups fight against climate change legislation* Impact of Climate Change & Carbon Dioxide Emissions on Americans Global Climate Change affects all Americans because it directly affects the planet we live on. For example, carbon dioxide emissions impact the quality of the air that all Americans breathe. Thus, there should be legislation in place to reduce carbon dioxide emissions in order to protect the American people by keeping the air cleaner. Global Climate Change affects every single American because it will alter the beautiful world we know and love. With the necessary legislation, Global Climate Change can be stopped. Social Media This video shows President Obama passionately delivering a speech that promises to fight climate change in the United States. social media increases awareness of many issues including climate change! Social media also gives people the opportunity to share ideas on how to solve the climate change crisis. Social media gives this policy the opportunity to gain support through Facebook fans, twitter followers, etc. Climate change should definitely be reformed. One important step legislators could start with is passing the Climate Change Bill which could decrease emissions drastically if implemented. Ending our reliance on cheap fossil fuels for energy will also help. Subsidies for fossil fuels also need to be cut. This will cause companies to invest more in cleaner sources of energy as opposed steering them towards the cheaper subsidized energy forms. Climate change and carbon emissions are serious issues that need to be treated as if they are just as important as the economy. Without similar reforms, legislation to prevent climate change will never pass. WORKS CITED "American Petroleum Institute." American Petroleum Institute. API, 2013. Web. 05 May 2013. <http://www.api.org/>.

Drajem, Mark. "Obama Will Use Nixon-Era Law to Fight Climate Change." Bloomberg. Bloomberg, 15 Mar. 2013. Web. 05 May
2013. <http://www.bloomberg.com/news/2013-03-15/obama-will-use-nixon-era-law-to-fight-climate-change.html>.

"Global Warming and Climate Change Tags: Climate_change, Global_warming ." Home. N.p., n.d. Web. 05 May 2013.
<http://libguides.bc.edu/content.php?pid=888>.

"National Mining Association." NWA. National Mining Association, n.d. Web. 05 May 2013. <http://www.nma.org/>.

Schuenemann, Keah. "Total Carbon Emissions." Dr. Keah Schuenemann. N.p., 21 Oct. 2011. Web. 05 May 2013.
<http://drkeah.blogspot.com/2011/10/total-carbon-emissions.html>.

"U.S. Chamber of Commerce: Standing Up for American Enterprise." U.S. Chamber of Commerce: Standing Up for American
Enterprise. N.p., n.d. Web. 05 May 2013. <http://www.uschamber.com/>.

"What's in the Climate Change Bill?" SocialistWorker.org. International Socialist Organization, 12 Mar. 2013. Web. 05 May 2013.
<http://socialistworker.org/2013/03/12/whats-in-the-climate-change-bill>. http://www.latimes.com/news/nationworld/nation/la-na-nasa-climate-20130504,0,2772152.story The article above reports the findings from a NASA study, predicting that climate change will cause more rainfall for wet areas and less for drier areas. This is yet another consequence of climate change and another reason why Congress should act soon.
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