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Chapter 2 (Section 5) Singapore's connections with the world from 13th to 15th cen

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Siti Hafizah Subramaniam

on 20 December 2013

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Transcript of Chapter 2 (Section 5) Singapore's connections with the world from 13th to 15th cen

Singapore's connections with the world from 13th to 15th century !
What Will I Learn Today?
Trade connection with Java and Bali in 1926 (13th century)
Gold armlet as an evidence to show that trade of such gold ornaments existed at fort canning park.
Political connection with
Java (Majapahit kingdom)
in 1365 (14th century)
The Nagarakertagama suggests that Temasek was a 'vassal state' of Majapahit kingdom. Which means that Temasek was under the 'protection' of the Majapahit Kingdom. Thus they had political connections.
Trade connections with China in 14th century
The blue and white porcelain stem-cups were produced in China during the Yuan Dynasty (early 13th century)
Before proceeding:
the inquiry process
Pg 66
Trade Connection With China in 14th century
Wang Dayun's travel record suggests that Temasek had trades with China.
"Trade with Quanzhaou" (a city in China)
where goods like red gold, blue satin, cotton prints, porcelain, big cooking pots were traded.
"all obtained from trade"
pg 66
pg 67
Political Connections with Java and Siam in 14th century
The Sejarah Melayu suggests that in 1340s, Temasek was under the control of Majapahit (a Javanese Kingdom - Indonesia)
But, by 1375, Temasek had become a vassal of Siam (Thailand)
pg 68
Which means they must have been brought to Temasek as a trading good when trading took place at the Temasek port in the 14th century.
pg 69
Economic & cultrual connections with India
The coins from Sri Lanka found near Singapore river suggests some form of money exchange having taken place
the money was probably used during trading activity

pg 69
The image of Buddha also suggests cultural exchange
Political connections with Siam
The commentaries of Great Affonso d'Albuquerque suggests political connections with Siam, during 16th century where Temasek was under the control of Siam (vassal of Siam). It was "attacked' by the Siamese which lead to the decline of Temasek.
pg 70
Tome Pires account show that by 16th century, Temasek had been attacked and declined in its importance as a trading port. Again highlighting political connections.
Political connections with Siam in 16th century
pg 72
Singapore had
connections with countries like Indonesia (Java; Bali) China, Siam and India during the 13th-15th century
Singapore mainly traded with countries in Asia, including China, India and the Malay Archipelago during the 13th to 15th centuries
Singapore was a vassal state of both Majapahit and Siam in the 14th century
Singapore attracted traders to the island due to its role as an entreport

To be specific . . .
Find out more about the connections Singapore had with countries in the world before 19th century. What kind of connections were these?
Different countries that Singapore had connections with during
13th to 15th century
What kind of connections were these ? Remember the three types?
Full transcript