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Trans Saharan caravan routes
Transcript of Trans Saharan caravan routes
It took place in the Sahara to sub Sahara in western Africa .
It linked to the empires of Ghana,Mali, and Songhai to the european world
The climate was very hot and rigid .
Location trade routes
Typical trade goods
What changes did it bring to west Africa ?
It provided both incentives and resources for the construction of new political structures
Islam accompanied trade and became an important element in the urban culture
Other countries adopted Islam religion
Linked Mediterranean societies
Sudanic states established urban and commercial centers in where traders congregated and goods were exchanged
The main items traded were gold and salt. The gold mines of West Africa provided great wealth to West African Empires such as Ghana and Mali. Other items that were commonly traded included ivory, kola nuts, cloth, slaves, metal goods, textiles , ceramics ,silk and beads.
Traders moved their goods across the Sahara in large groups called caravans. Camels were the main mode of transportation and were used to carry goods and people. Sometimes slaves carried goods as well. Large caravans were important because they offered protection from bandits.
The camel was the most important part of the caravan.
Camels are uniquely adapted to survive long periods without water
Slaves were typically sent north, while salt and other goods were sent south. The route of the trans-Saharan slave trade was often used to send large numbers of African people north to be slaves, servants, and soldiers. Many women were captured to be servants and men were used as soldiers and slaves.
Trans Saharan Slave trade
Slaves were wanted by the courts of Arab and Berber princes as servants, concubines, soldiers, and agricultural laborers.
Adopted islam in 926 A.D
Controlled the gold trade
Tuareg : People from Ghana , Mali, Algeria & Niger highlands
Almoravid( a berber dynasty of morocco )