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Pro-Natalist Policy of France
Djavan Warneron 13 November 2012
Transcript of Pro-Natalist Policy of France
2. A fare reduction of 30% is given to third child families when taking public transport.
3. Pension schemes are given to mothers / housewives.
4. Nursing mothers are encouraged to work part time or have a weekly day off. Due to all the cash payments, tax breaks and subsidized child care, France now has the 2nd highest fertility rate in Europe.
In 2007 France celebrated the biggest baby boom since the 1980's. France had more babies in 2006 than any other time in the last quarter of a century i i in France A Pro-natalist policy is a policy which aims to encourage more births through the use of incentives.
The pro-natal policy was introduced into the French population because of the decrease in fertility and the increase in life expectancy. These two factors have lead to concerns such as:
1. The decrease in the supply of labour.
2. The socioeconomic implications of an ageing population.
3. The long term prospect of population decline and demise. When did this policy start?
This legislation provided cash incentives to mothers who stayed home to take care of their children. The French pro-natalist policy began in 1939 when the French government introduced the Code de la famille. Banning of the sale of contraceptives which was later repealed in 1967. Subsidized Holidays Couples having a third child are given a payment of up to UK ($) 1064.
Generous maternity grants are also given.
Family allowances are given to increase the purchasing power of third-child families.
Maternity leave ranges from 20 weeks for a mothers first child to 40 or more weeks for their third child, while being close to full pay.
100% mortgage and preferential treatment for those third-child families of three bedroom council flats In The Beginning 1. The policy is complex and not always consistent. In that there are more than 30 measures.
2. It is consensual and politically neutral (it wasn't questioned in last debate).
3. Helps mainly women than the family. In that there is no need to be married or no need to stay home. There is also strong support for one parent families. i i In 1960, France was at a comfortable fertility rate of 2.73 (children per woman).
By 1992 the fertility rate dropped to a tremendous 1.73 (children per woman).
However, by 2007 due to the Pro-natal Policy, France's fertility rate began to gradually rise to 1.98(children per woman).
This year, the birth rate of France currently stands at 12.72 births/1000 population. Relation between the past, present and future. France 2000 France 2050 How much do immigrants affect France's growth in population? The foreign population contributes largely to births but hardly affects fertility.
It is a common misconception that the French fertility is due to immigrants.
Although immigrants have more children that nationals, the rstion of immigrants births to French nationals is very small and so the immigrants do not contribute much to the population growth or fertility.
In 2005, 94000 babies were born to foreign mothers out of 774000 = 12% of all births that year. This raises the national fertility rate by 0.10 child.
Also because many immigrants move to France when they are young they may not have a lot of children due to the French influence just because of they grow up in the society.