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Украинский-русский гордость и советский фильм
Transcript of Украинский-русский гордость и советский фильм
Barry Putnicki Барри Путникий Production Notes Director: Sergei Eisenstein
Country: Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR)
Starring: Nikolai Cherkasov, Nikolai Okhlopkov, Andrei
Abrikosov, Varvara Massalitinova, Vera Ivashova
Production Company: Mosfilm
Сядьте поудобнее, расслабьтесь и учитесь! Purpose The purpose of Alexander Nevsky was that of a propaganda film. The film dealt with the reality of a possible German Invasion and the clash of the Soviet Communist ideology and the German Fascist ideology. The film was based on historical events and used as a means of trying to rally the population of the Soviet Union into the probable fight that seemed to loom with Nazi Germany. The film served to re-enforce the ideals of Marxist-Leninist Socialism while instilling a feeling of national pride.
Смысл фильма. Слава России и слава в Советский Союз! Historical Timeline
1220-Alexandr Nevsky is born
1242-The Battle of the Ice
1263-Alexander Nevsky dies
1922-USSR is formed
1924-Lenin Dies, Stalin takes power
1928-First Five Year Plan
1930's-The Great Purge
1934-Hitler comes to Power in Germany
1939-Alexandr Nevsky film
1939-German/Soviet Non-aggression Pact
1939-Germany and USSR invade Poland, start of WW2 in europe.
1941-Operation Barbarossa, Invasion of the USSR by Nazi Germany
История Советского Союза и Александра Невского History Behind the Film
Alexandr Nevsky was a Soviet propaganda film about a real life historical figure. The film was meant to use a historical figure to inspire the people of the Soviet Union to unite together in a potential conflict with Nazi Germany.
Alexandr Nevsky was born in Russia in 1220. He was a warrior prince and one of the most important figures in medievil Russian history. He became the prince of Novgorod and defeated the Swedish, German, and Muslim invaders. In 1241 he raised and led an army in the liberation of Pskov from the crusaders. He again had military victory when he defeated the Tuetonic knights at the Battle of the Ice in Novgorod.
He is a canonized Saint in the Russian Orthodox Church and is regarded as one of the greatest Hero's in Russian History. More History In 1917, after years of disatrous defeats in World War One and widespread poverty and persecution, the Russian people and military revolt. Lenin is brought back from exile in Switzerland and the Russian Revolution begins. The Red Communist forces battle with the White Czarist forces. The war drags on for years and kills millions of people.
Finally in 1922 the Communists finally acheive victory. The government is disolved and local Soviets are set up. The Soviet Union is declared and it becomes the worlds first Socialist society. Immediately the nation begins on building a "workers paradise" where in theory all people are equal and private ownership of all things is ended. To make sure that the principles of the revolution are held, Lenin begins the Red Terror. After years of fighting in both WW1 and the Russian Revolution, the new nation struggles to even provide the most basic items for its population.
In 1924 Lenin dies suddently of a stroke. Stalin comes to power. More History Under Stalins leadership, drastic changes come to the USSR. Stalin becomes obsessed with making the USSR the number one nation in the world and begins efforts to modernize the nation. In 1928 Stalin launches the first Five Year Plan. These plans are met to set production quota and goals for the modernization of Russian Industry. Particular attention is giving to building the Red Army. In the early 1930's Stalin begins the program of collectivization. Since all private land ownership is outlawed and since the state has a monopoly on everything, Stalin declares that all farms most be collectivized and that the food is to be taken by the government for distribution to the people. NKVD (secret police) are sent into the countryside to forcibly sieze food and arrest or kill those who fail to comply. This results in the Holmodor famine that kills millions in presend day Ukraine and Southern Russia.
Stalin also sets up a huge network of forced labor camps known as the GULAG. Inmates are forced to work on huge construction projects under terrible conditions. Millions of Soviet citizens are arrested and forced into these camps. Millions die while the countries infrastructure is modernized.
Fearing enemies, Stalin begins a series of purges in the 1930's. Any one suspected of disloyatly is arrested, given a quick trial and imprisoned or killed. Between 15-30 million people die in the purges. Much of the military is purged leaving the USSR vunerable. More History While Stalin is at work modernizing the USSR, in the early 1930's Adolf Hitler comes into power in Germany. He is the leader of the Nazi party and models German society in his own vision, much as Stalin was doing. Hitler viewed Communisim and the Soviet Union as the Nazi's mortal enemy. Seeking to regain German prestige and territory lost in World War One Hitler begins building up the German military. Stalin takes note of this and also begins to build up industry and the military. Publically, while the two countries are mobilizing, both Hitler and Stalin promote mutualism. This comes to a head in 1939 with the signing of the Non-Aggression pact between the USSR and Nazi Germany. Despite this, both countries continue to prepare for an inevitable conflict.
More History Both the USSR and Nazi Germany begin efforts to mobilize their populations for war. Both societies become militarized. In the USSR children join the young pioneers to learn the ideology of Soviet Communism while in Germany children join the Hitler Youth. Both countries make large use of film in the mobilization efforts.
In Nazi Germany films such as The Triumph of the Will are made to teach people Nazi ideology through film. The Soviets take a similar approach. Stalin declares that all art must portray Socialist Realism.
Sergei Eisentstein becomes Stalin's chief propaganda film maker. Eisenstein becomes famous for his 1924 film The Battleship Potemkin. Stalin again calls on Eisenstein to make a film for mobilization purposes. Eisenstein makes Alexandr Nevsky. The story is of the Battle of the Ice, in which the knights of Kievan Rus defeated the Germanic Teutonic Crusaders. Synopsis Alexandr Nevsky is the story of the defeat of the Teutonic Knights at the battle of the Ice. Germanic (Teutonic) Knights have invaded Rus as part of their Northern Crusade. With the help of traitors, they conquer the city of Pskov. If they manage to conquer Novgorod this will leave Russia's northern border open and undefended.
Novgorod must be held. Despite the merchant class which wishes to flee the city, Nevsky gathers together a peasant army. They meet the Germanic forces on a frozen lake and engage in battle. Ultimately the foot mounted peasant army defeats the superior horse mounted Germanic armies.
Two of Nevskys generals had also been competing for the love of the maiden of Novgorod. In the end General Gavrilo wins her hand after helping to secure victory in battle. Issues in the Film Religion
German Enemy Questions? Конец!! Спасибо вам большое! Надеюсь, вам понравилось мое выступление. Я надеюсь, что вы будете проверять вышел фильм Александра Невского. Надеюсь, вы узнали что-то новое. Имейте большой вечер!!)))))