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Fur Elise Analysis
Transcript of Fur Elise Analysis
Duration and Dynamics
Tone Colour, Pitch and Form
Time Signature and tempo
Classical music - The classical period
About Fur Elise
1750 - 1830
Dominated by homophonic style
Composers: Beethoven, Mozart, Haydn, Schubert
The piano was invented during this period
The piano which Beethoven used when composing Fur Elise had a range of 6 octaves, now it has a range of 7 and a quarter
Für Elise was composed in 1810
Published in 1867
Under the name of Clavierstuck in A mull, which translates to ‘Keyboard piece in A minor’.
Now it is a commonly learnt piano piece and there have been many variations made to it over the 146 years since it was published.
Piece is in 3/8 time (simple triple time)
Mostly in semiquavers
Some quavers, demi-semi quavers, dotted rhythm and crotchets
Semiquavers give the piece a 'moving' feel
Dotted rhythm and arpeggiando (broken chord) gives the piece a playful feel in the 'B' section.
There are only two dynamic markings in the urtext (original) edition of the piece, both of which are pp
There are dramatic parts in the piece, but it is ultimately up to the pianist to decide on the dynamics and shaping
Variations to original
Intended for piano
Wide range of around 6 octaves
Effective use of piano because many instruments do not have such a large range
The piece travels 'slowly' (in pitch) when moving in steps and 'quickly' when using octaves and other intervals
Rondo form (ABACA)
Repetitive tune in the piece, somewhat like a theme
The B part gives the piece a more joyful touch
The C part provides drama and dynamic variation, as well as a large pitch range
A drawing of the piano Beethoven probably used when composing Fur Elise
The tempo is marked Poco Moto, which literally translates to 'little motion'
Texture is relatively thin
Mainly melody line with little accompaniment
In the 'C' section, there is a repetitive bass line in the left hand (pedal point) with a melody in the right hand
Harrison, Peter. 2010. Beethoven's Pianos . [ONLINE] Available at: http://www.lvbeethoven.co.uk/page19.html [Accessed 08 May 13].
Staszak, K. A., 2000. Fur Elise by Ludwig Van Beethoven. [Online] Available at: http://courses.wcupa.edu/frichmon/mue332/fall2000/StaszakKelly/#Fur Elise [Accessed 08 May 13]
Harrison, P. (2010). Beethoven's Pianos. [online] Lvbeethoven.co.uk. Available at: http://www.lvbeethoven.co.uk/page19.html [Accessed 18 Mar. 2013].
Msgunnell.com, (2012). orchestra. [online] Available at: http://www.msgunnell.com/ [Accessed 18 Mar. 2013].
Musicallsorts.com, (2007). [online] Available at: http://www.musicallsorts.com/musicall/img/c/21-category.jpg [Accessed 18 Mar. 2013].
I.ytimg.com, (2013). [online] Available at: http://i.ytimg.com/vi/E4Mqqbu7NS0/0.jpg [Accessed 5 May. 2013].
Connect4education.org, (unknown). OMENM. [online] Available at: http://www.connect4education.org/Serf/includes/omenm_v2/unit_04/U4_C10_P5.html [Accessed 18 Mar. 2013].