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The New Conservatism

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Andrew Hartman

on 11 April 2013

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Transcript of The New Conservatism

Conservatives Organize The Rise of the Sunbelt Suburban Conservatism: The Religious Right William F. Buckley The New Conservatism 1950s & 1960s Conservatives split their vote between Democrats and Republicans Urban Chaos:

Riots of the 60s & 70s.

Many moved to the suburbs.

White flight = migration of whites of various European ancestries from racially mixed urban areas. The Core of the Conservative Revival: Conservatism and the Cold War: Support for conservative ideas gain strength during the latter part of the Cold War. Liberal economic ideas seen as leading toward communism.

Foreign Policy: Liberals did not understand the need for stronger anticommunist policies.

Liberal economic and foreign policies seen as leading in wrong direction = people turn to conservatism. Cold War and Religion: Religious Americans: Cold War is Good vs Evil

Communism rejected all religion: "the opium of the people" used by ruling class to keep poor hopeful.

Religious Americans turned toward conservatism National Review Magazine helped to revive conservative ideas in the United States.
Debated in front of college students.
Appeared on radio and television shows to spread conservative ideas to a large audience. 1964:
New Conservative movement had enough influence to nominate the ultra conservative Barry Goldwater for president. Democrat Republican LIBERAL During WWII people moved South and West to take jobs in the war factories...this area is known as the Sunbelt. The Rust Belt:

Cities were congested and polluted.
These problems made Americans here look toward the federal government for help. The Sun Belt:

Opposed high taxes and gov. regulations

Many whites were angry with Democrats for supporting Civil Rights CONSERVATIVE South: 1st since Reconstruction that they voted Republican

West: "rugged individualism"
Water regulation
Limited ranching
Restricted natural resource development Sun Belt goes Republican: 1980: Population of the Sunbelt surpasses the Northeast.
More electoral votes
Southern shift to Republican Party = conservatives could elect a president. TAXES!

Inflation of the 1970s = less buying power for average middle-class family.

Resentment of taxes for New Deal and Great Society programs Economic Reasons The Supreme Court: Many feared American society had lost touch with its traditional values. #1 Roe v. Wade
limited prayer in public schools
expanded the rights of people accused of crimes The Feminist Movement: Equal pay
Ending discrimination
Ending domestic violence
Reproductive rights
Maternity leave Equal Rights Amendment: Fear by religious right that all these things represented an assault on the traditional family. This was aided by the behavior of college students in the 1960s whose and contempt for authority seemed to indicate a general breakdown in American values and morality. These concerns helped expand the conservative cause into a mass movement. A proposed amendment to the constitution that wanted to protect women against discrimination.
It passed congress in 1972
Needed 38 states to be ratified.
1979 had 35 Opposition to the Amendment:

1. Fear that it would take away traditional rights
-Alimony in divorce cases
-Single-gender colleges

2. Fear that women would be subjected to the military draft. The Religious Right: A New Coalition Who are religious conservatives:
Largest group within social conservative movement was evangelical Protestant Christians.
Evangelicals believe they are saved from their sins through conversion (which they refer to as being "born again") and a personal commitment to follow Jesus Christ. A popular movement:
By 1970s about 70 million Americans described themselves as "born again."
Evangelicals owned their own newspapers, magazines, radio stations, and television networks. The Rise of Televangelists:
Evangelical ministers that used television to reach large audiences.
Billy Graham
Pat Robertson
Used their television shows to create a movement called the "Moral Majority". A network of ministers to register new voters and support conservative candidates and issues.
2 million new voters by 1980. A New Colition:
By the end of the 1970s the new conservative coalition of voters had begun to come together in the United States.
They were all held together by a common belief that American society had somehow lost its way either economically or socially. THE NEW FACE OF CONSERVATISM: Society: Internationally: Riots
Drug Abuse Retreat from Vietnam
Soviet invasion of Afghanistan Watergate Scandal
High Taxes Rising unemployment
Energy crisis Economy: Government: HERE COMES REAGAN SA = +4

A = +2

N = 0

D = -2

SD = -4 SA = -4

A = -2

N = 0

D = +2

SD = +4 Questions Number:

3 6 7 8 9 10 11

14 15 17 18 20 21

24 28 29 35 37

38 39 Questions Number:

1 2 4 5 12 13 16

19 22 23 25 26 27

30 31 32 33 34

36 40 0 +160 -160 +120 +80 -80 -120 Political Ideological Spectrum LIBERAL CONSERVATIVE Radical Liberal Reactionary
Conservative MODERATE Are you liberal, conservative, or somewhere in between? It is now time for you to stop and think about what issues, beliefs, and ideas matter to you. It is time to complete a political inventory test where you will be required to take a stand on a variety of issues that can be used to determine where you lie on the political spectrum. Gov should regulate economy to protect poor from the power of large corporations and wealthy elites. = poverty. If poverty decreased so too would social problems like crime and drug abuse. Free speech and privacy are important. No gov regulation of social behavior. High taxes and large gov. programs that transfer wealth from the rich to those who are less wealthy are bad. No gov. regulation in economy, people can protect themselves Religious faith should regulate social behavior and a commitment to a religious faith is vital to a healthy society. Rely on own national defense and actively fight against communism in other countries What is the difference between a liberal and a conservative? UNIT 4: The Resurgence of Conservatism of the 1970s and 1980s President Richard Nixon Law-and-Order Foreign Policy Wonk Watergate and Disgrace Prosperity of 50s and 60s were over... OPEC: Oil as a political weapon Ford Pardons Nixon President Ronald Reagan Compassionate Conservatism Reaganomics The Reagan Doctrine President Jimmy Carter Energy Crisis: War on Consumption Camp David Accords Iran Hostage Crisis 1968-1974 1974-1976 1976-1980 1980-1988 A Law-and-Order President

The New Federalism

Nixon and Kissinger
Foreign Policy

Watergate and Disgrace President Gerald Ford Stagnant Economy

Oil Embargo

High Inflation

Pardons Nixon Pick Up after Ford

War Against Consumption

Peace in the Middle East?

Iran Hostage Crisis Compassionate Conservatism


The Reagan Doctrine

An End to the Cold War? (An Overview) A Resurgence of Conservatism:
The 1970s and 1980s Why it matters?

Many Americans have less confidence in political leaders.

The Department of energy and the conservation and environmental movements begin to gain momentum.

The struggle between conservative and liberal ideas define American politics today.

Foreign policy has greatly changed because of the fall of the Soviet Union.

Many groups within American society gained social and political rights that affect us today. Final Assessment:
Writing a Presidential Resume

Looking at the changes, challenges, and unique social, political, and economic aspects of the 1970s and 1980s students will write a presidential resume to apply for the job of chef executive of the United States.

Students will also play the role of employment panel to debate and discuss each candidate for the position of president.

Lastly, students will hire the winning candidate and set the chief executives agenda for their first term in office. #1 #2 #3 #4 #5 #6 #7 A political philosophy or attitude emphasizing respect for traditional institutions, distrust of government activism, and opposition to sudden change in the established order. a political philosophy based on belief in progress that considers government as a crucial instrument for removing social inequities (as those involving race, gender, or class) Continuing after interruption, a renewal Carly

Ben S.

Alyson Morgan


Danny Ben H.
GROUPS 6th Block Charlie

Dan D.


Genna Mitch

Dan W.


Harin 7th Block

Assigned Groups AGENDA: 1. Quick Write

2. Introduction to Unit 4

3. Sign Up for plaque #5

3. Society and Culture of the 1970s and 1980s Using your "1968: The Year that Changed Everything" film note sheet answer the following question as completely as possible: Why is the year 1968 considered one of the most pivotal years in American history?

What major changes do you think will occur in the years to come?
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