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USA in Japan
Transcript of USA in Japan
They vast majority also spoke Japanese
In 1872 primary schools, secondary schools and universities were introduced to Japanese society JAPAN DID NOT HAVE CONTACT WITH OUTSIDE COUNTRIES! CHANGE (Effects of Imperialism) SO...what happened next? After the ports were opened in 1854, violence and trouble rose dramatically.
On January 14th 1861, Henry Heusken, Secretary to the American mission, was attacked and murdered.
During this period, about one foreigner was killed every month. Foreigners also brought DISEASES, such as CHOLERA MORE CHANGE (Effects of Imperialism) OKAY, what else? The opening of Japan to foreign trade brought economic instability MASSIVE While some prospered, other went BANKRUPT. The value of money declined, due to ratio of gold to silver:
See, in Japan, it was 1:5, but everywhere else, it was 1:15! So, foreigners took advantage of this inequality Unemployment rates so did Inflation rose MOTIVES FOR IMPERIALISM CAUSES: The increased travel in the Pacific Ocean lead to USA wanting a refueling station in Japan.
American's wanted a safe harbor for their whaling fleet to dock Japan had a lot of coal, that was GOOD, because Americans wanted it. Japan had silk to trade, another item desired by the US Political Control MAJOR EVENTS! Commodore Matthew Perry opens trade between USA and Japan COMMODORE MATTHEW PERRY On March 31st 1854, the commodore and the "Black Ships" of the United States Navy forcefully opened Japan to the Outside World. This lead to Economic and Political CRISIS but we already talked about that... JUST KIDDING! NOT THAT MATTHEW PERRY The Japanese did not react too well to the intervention of the USA... See, it started like this:
Japan did not want outsiders in their country, they even had laws against it, these laws are known as the isolationist foreign policy THEN, the USA forces them to open their ports. So, naturally, the Japanese were upset. They turned to violence. They started to murder the foreigners and Pro-imperialists. This became so severe that one foreigner was killed A MONTH. ...I GUESS YOU COULD SAY THEY DIDN'T LIKE IT... The Meiji Restoration. It all began in 1868... Tokugawa Shogun They were stripped of their power when they were overthrown. The Boshin War led to the Meiji Restoration. With a new emperor MILLIONS of people could chose their occupation. Public works such as railroads, were invested in by the government. The Education System was also reformed under Emperor Meiji. Education System Largely based off of the American and French school systems, private schools run by Buddhist temples (terakoya) were nationalized as elementary schools. Feudal domain schools run by daimyo became middle schools, and the Tokugawa shogunal Academy became the foundation of Tokyo Imperial University. Elementary school - create loyal subjects of the Emperor
Middle Schools - preparatory schools for students destined to enter Imperial Universities
Imperial Universities - create westernized leaders who would be able to direct the modernization of Japan. Military Reformations Military ideals were carried to families Children raised with military minds.
Variety of classes were able to join army and become disciplined. 1876, samurai were forbidden to carry their traditional swords and the warrior class evolved into bureaucrats.
Peasants who had previously been forbidden to carry arms were conscripted into a centralized army. Trade: Increased public works lead to more trade. The shipping and textile industries took off. Japan borrowed working elements from the USA Old class system abandoned. Universities were founded, telegraph and railroad lines and a national postal system were constructed Fast communication Japan's Modernization and Industrialization in Summary: New Education system Citizens gain knowledge Textile production increases Primarily silk but also cotton This was because Japan choose to employ young women. They were paid little. Late modernization allowed Japan to skip water power and jump to steam This creates a demand for coal REACTION Treaty of Kanagawa: Japanese Agricultural Workers in the Pacific Japanese Citizens travel to America 1890
Japanese Laborers in the Pacific Then the immigrants built railroads and harvested sugar beets for low wages. These immigrants were often hired because of their cost efficiency. Understandably, competition between the railroad companies and sugar beet farmers drove workers to demand more for their labor. A parliament was established No longer samurai position Japan, urged by the USA but entirely by choice, transformed into a democracy somewhat modeling after new American System Western calenders and haircuts were adopted Japan became a coaling base as ports were opened to the Americas The Treaty Of Kanagawa, signed by the Japanese and the Americans in 1854 stated that: Prisoners were to be treated fairly
Japanese would save shipwrecked Americans
Would provide food, coal, water, and other provisions for the American ships that anchored in Nagasaki
Granted USA permission to build a consulate in Shimoda
Would trade with the Americans Yes.... the Japanese were pressured into signing this treaty, however their reformation of their political system was completely voluntary. I guess you could say that Americans drove Japan into industrializing, or started a fire under their nation's drive for modernization. USA's Benefit from trade Raw materials Fueling point Primarily Silk and Tea Safe harbor Guaranteed assistance for ships in trouble Coal Americans traded cotton and yarn to Japan.
Later machinery, iron and steel were also in transaction. Prezi Created By: Julia Dennen Sarah Hunter Nkese Jack Thank you for watching... and good luck on the test!